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Tracking militarists’ efforts to influence U.S. foreign policy

Rubio, Marco

marco-rubio.jpg
  • 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
  • U.S. Senate (R-FL): 2011 –

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Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) is a Republican politician and former 2016 GOP presidential candidate who holds extremely hawkish views on U.S. foreign policy and is closely tied to hardline national security militarists.[1] His failed election campaign received major boosts from “pro-Israel” megadonors like Sheldon Adelson and Paul Singer, whose support helped convert Rubio into the neoconservatives’ candidate of choice.[2]

Since his election to the Senate in 2011, Rubio has, according to the conservative National Review, “consistently articulated a robust internationalist position closest to that of George W. Bush.”[3] As a member of the Senate’s Foreign Relations Committee, Rubio has pushed for interventionist foreign policies, advocated increased military spending, and strongly opposed the Obama administration’s diplomacy with Cuba and Iran.[4] The National Review describes Rubio as the “standard-bearer of the Republican hawks”[5] while a scholar at the libertarian Cato Institute argues that “Rubio looks, walks, and quacks like a dyed-in-the-wool neocon.”[6]

Col. Lawrence Wilkerson, Secretary of State Colin Powell’s former chief of staff, has said of Rubio’s rhetoric: “Like much political talk these days—particularly if it comes from Frank Luntz, Karl Rove, Roger Ailes and their ilk—Rubio’s rhetoric trips off the tongue patriotically while disguising all manner of venality … beneath it.”[7]

Rubio’s take on foreign affairs also appears to impact his views on domestic problems. For instance, during the presidential campaign, Rubio back-tracked on his support for legal immigration purportedly because of the emergence of ISIS in Iraq and Syria. In response to a question during a January 2016 Republican presidential debate, Rubio said: “The issue is a dramatically different issue than it was 24 months ago. Twenty-four months ago, 36 months ago, you did not have a group of radical crazies named ISIS. … The entire system of legal immigration must now be reexamined for security first and foremost.”[8] One observer quipped: “Intellectually, Rubio’s answer was pitiful. ISIS has been around since he launched his presidential campaign, but only now, with Trump and Cruz beating him in the polls, is he using it as an excuse to restrict legal immigration.”[9]

A few months before the debate, in the wake of killings at a Planned Parenthood clinic in Colorado and a health center in California in late 2015, Rubio sought to differentiate between the two acts. While he was clear that the California massacre, which was perpetrated by people who had sympathies for ISIS, signified “the most dangerous terrorist threat we’ve ever faced,” he said that the killings at Planned Parenthood were more the result of “mental illness in a deranged individual.” In either case, Rubio was unequivocal in lambasting calls for more gun control in the wake of the killings, arguing that even people on the government’s terrorist watch list should still be able to buy guns.[10]

Presidential Candidacy, Pro-Israel Donors, and Neoconservative Advisers

In April 2015, Rubio announced his candidacy for the Republican Party’s 2016 presidential nomination.[11] However, after getting very poor results in a number of early primary states and losing soundly to Donald Trump in the March 15 Florida primary, Rubio announced that he was suspending his campaign.

Rubio’s campaign received vocal support from numerous well-known neoconservative figures and rightwing “pro-Israel” donors. Rubio’s campaign slogan, “A New American Century,” appeared to be a reference to the influential neoconservative advocacy group the Project for the New American Century (PNAC), which played an important role generating elite support for the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq and other early foreign policy fiascos of the first George W. Bush administration. As Mother Jones reported, PNACs “original members included future Bush administration officials, such as Cheney, Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, and Elliott Abrams. Rubio is campaigning as a visionary and new generational leader, yet his foreign policy ideas—and his key national security advisers—are Bush-era throwbacks.”[12]

Among his most important campaign supporters was the controversial Israeli casino magnate Sheldon Adelson, an important backer of rightwing Likud Party officials in Israel who has also spent hundreds of millions of dollars trying to influence the outcome of recent U.S. elections. According to an April 2015 report by Politico, Adelson saw Rubio as “the future of the Republican Party.”[13] Politico’s Alex Isenstadt reported that Rubio “reached out to Adelson more often than any other 2016 candidate” and “provided him with the most detailed plan for how he’d manage America’s foreign policy.” At one point during his campaign Rubio reportedly called “Adelson about once every two weeks, providing him with meticulous updates.”[14]

In mid-2015, Bloomberg reported that Adelson’s free Israeli paper, Israel Hayom, had “all but anointed Marco Rubio.” The piece added that Rubio “received singular treatment” in Israel Hayom and noted that an interview Hayom had done with Rubio “was accompanied by photos of derogatory stories from U.S. newspapers about Hillary Clinton.”[15]

Another billionaire backer was the hedge fund investor Paul Singer, who like Adelson supports one-sided U.S. Israeli policies and has been a major funder of neoconservative groups. In April 2015, Rubio “wooed” a crowd of hawkish donors at Singer’s residence. Reported Buzzfeed: “According to sources who attended the dinner, Rubio was well-received among attendees—one said that ‘people who walked out of the room were totally in love’—a sign that he could be coming into favor among people influential with the New York Jewish Republican donor class, among whom Singer is the most sought-after.”[17]

Singer formally endorsed Rubio in October 2015, describing him in a letter to donors as “the best explainer of conservative in public life today” and the “strongest choice” for the Republican presidential nomination. CNN stated at the time that the endorsement would be a “significant blow to [Jeb] Bush’s candidacy, because the billionaire has a vast network of people who will give hard dollars to Rubio and lots of money to his super PAC.”[18]

Just before receiving Singer’s endorsement, Rubio released a video in which he declared that “what this president and his administration are doing in Israel is a tragic mistake … they [Israel] need America’s support unconditionally.” He added: “If I become president, that’s exactly what they’ll have.”[19] Quipped one observer: “Whatever unspecified policies Rubio is taking issue with, the generic message—Obama: Bad for Israel—is no doubt exactly what his most hawkish prospective donors, including Sheldon Adelson and Paul Singer, want to hear.”[20] Singer previously supported Rubio’s polticial career, serving as Rubio’s “second largest source of campaign contributions between 2009 and 2014.”[21]

Some observers noted the correspondence between Singer’s financial contributions to Rubio and the senator’s backing of Singer’s views, including the wildly criticized notion that Argentina tried to cover up alleged Iranian terrorist attacks. Singer—whose practice of purchasing the debt of developing nations has earned him the moniker “vulture Singer”[22]—had a long-running dispute with Argentina over of its debt, which his hedge fund bought up after Argentina defaulted in 2001.[23] In May 2015, Rubio introduced a Senate resolution accusing Argentina’s government of attempting “to cover up Iranian involvement in the 1994 terrorist bombing” of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires, and called for a “swift and transparent” investigation into the death of an Argentine prosecutor who was critical of the country’s president and had originated the allegations regarding Argentina’s ties to Iran.[24]

Rubio’s campaign received the backing of other hawkish “pro-Israel” billionaires, including Norman Braman. According to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), Braman “isn’t just the single-largest backer of Rubio’s presidential campaign,” he also “helped finance the young senator’s legislative agenda, employed Rubio as a lawyer, hired Rubio’s wife (a former Miami Dolphins cheerleader) as a philanthropic adviser, helped fund Rubio’s position as a college instructor and assisted Rubio with his personal finances.” JTA also noted that “in 2010, Braman and Rubio went to Israel together shortly after Rubio’s election to the U.S. Senate.”[25]

Braman has a record of making controversial remarks with respect to the Israel-Palestinian conflict. He has called the United Nations a “disgrace” that has “developed into organizations that have one basic purpose, and that is to discredit Israel and actually delegitimize Israel.” He has claimed that “being anti Israel which I believe is  equivalent to anti-Semitism, is endemic.” Braman has also stated that the reason he wishes for the United States to remain strong is so that it can continue to support Israel. “I really believe that a strong America is the greatest factor which insures a great Israel and a sustaining Israel. A weak America poses a threat to the future of Israel. So I concern myself about the United States, our economy, and the general situation in this country,” he opined in 2011.[26] Braman once said about the Israel-Palestinian peace process: “How do you make peace with people who want to destroy you and are dedicated to your destruction?”[27]

One observor noted that Rubio’s campgaign courted “the most Israel-centered and Likudist wing of the Republican Party. His outright rejection of the Obama administration’s efforts to constrain Iran’s nuclear program and repudiation of some four decades of official U.S. opposition to Israeli settlements in occupied territories suggests that a Rubio presidency could not only result in a break with Washington’s closest European allies on Middle East policy. It would also offer encouragement to right-wing Israeli extremists to achieve their dream of a ‘Greater Israel.’”[28]

Neoconservative Alignment

Numerous prominent neoconservatives have reportedly advised Rubio on foreign policy, including Weekly Standard editor Bill Kristol, neoconservative ideologue Robert Kagan, former Sen. Jim Talent, former George W. Bush national security advisor Stephen Hadley, and deputy national security adviser Elliott Abrams.[29]

In early 2013, Rubio hired Jamie Fly, the former executive director of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative, to be his “counselor for foreign and national security affairs.”[30] Fly, who previously held posts in the Bush administration’s National Security Council and in the office of former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, is known for a 2012 paper he co-wrote with Gary Schmitt, formerly of the Project for the New American Century, that called for a military attack on Iran that would “destabilize the regime.”[31]

According to the National Review, neoconservative writer Robert Kagan—who has argued that the preservation of the “modern world order” rests on “bolstering America’s hard power”—has had a “major influence on Rubio’s worldview.”[32] Reuters has also reported that former Dick Cheney advisor Eric Edelman“regularly briefs” Rubio.[33] Another former Cheney aid, Cesar Conda, has served as Rubio’s chief of staff.[34]

Elliott Abrams, a veteran of the Reagan and George W. Bush administrations who was convicted (and later pardoned) as part of the Iran-Contra scandal, has also advised Rubio and has said that he is “really impressed” with him.[35]

Phil Rosen, a board member of the Sheldon Adelson-backed Republican Jewish Coalition, argues that Rubio “can win the general election” because he “has three constituencies in which Republicans have not done well in recent years: he appeals to young people, to women, and to Hispanics. Those constituencies are going to be crucial to winning the general election. And in the primaries, he has an appeal to conservatives and all parts of the Republican Party. His looks, his charm, his speaking ability.”[36]

On the Campaign Trail

Rubio gave his first major foreign policy speech as a presidential candidate in mid-May 2015 at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). During the speech he outlined what observers called the “Rubio Doctrine,” which one journalist described as coming “straight out of the neocon playbook, calling for a robust military and aggressive approach to intervention.”[37]

Rubio proclaimed during the talk that he is “open to Ukraine joining NATO,” which experts widely hold would be an immensely provocative act against Russia.[38] He also echoed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu by stating he does not believe “the conditions exist” today for a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.[39]

Rubio went on to claim that the potential nuclear deal with Iran is “an unacceptable risk” because it “allows Iran to obtain the capability to enrich uranium,” and further stated that the Obama administration is “holding back against ISIS” because “it doesn’t want to upset Iran.”[40]

With respect to Cuba, Rubio said he would “reimpose sanctions” on the country lifted by the Obama administration and would only lift them “through reciprocal steps on behalf of the Cubans,” such as allowing “freedom of the press” in Cuba. Charlie Rose, who was conducting the interview with Rubio at CFR, cited President Obama’s rebuke to Rubio’s strategy: “[T]he president quickly says all the sanctions have been in place for 50 years and they’ve achieved none of the objectives that you want to achieve.”[41]

While at CFR, Rubio backtracked on earlier statements he had made unequivocally supporting the Iraq War in light of criticisms against fellow potential Republican presidential contender Jeb Bush for his comments that he would have supported going to war in Iraq “knowing what we know now.” Rubio stated that “not only would I not have been in favor of it, President Bush would not have been in favor of it.”[42] Soon after, however, in an interview with Fox News, Rubio spurred criticism for saying the war was “not a mistake, given the fact what the president knew at the time.”[43]

One observer described the Rubio Doctrine, as described in his CFR speech, thusly: “The Rubio doctrine … consists of funding the military in order to restore and maintain American military strength; opposing ‘any violations of international waters, airspace, cyberspace, or outer space’; and supporting the spread of freedom, both economic and political, across the globe.”[44]

Simon Maloy of Salon said of Rubio’s CFR address: “Rubio should have given W. at least some credit, given that the foreign policy vision he laid out was undiluted neoconservatism molded by a coterie of neocon advisers plucked from the most recent Bush administration.”

Rubio expressed support for the 2015 Saudi-led military strikes against Houthi rebels in Yemen, arguing that the United States should provide “logistical and air support” and deploy “special operations forces.”[45]

A July 2015 report by Politico stated that Rubio had missed more votes in the Senate since his presidential campaign officially started than any other Senator in the race. “Since announcing his run in mid-April, Rubio has missed 42 votes, more than a third of roll calls on the Senate floor,” the piece stated. “Rubio has skipped votes during high-profile fights over national security, trade, energy and education policy. He has missed private hearings during a critical stage in the Iran talks, a public forum on China and a private briefing on the U.S. strategy on the Islamic State.”[46]

The article added that despite Rubio’s criticisms of the Iran nuclear deal “he missed two of three closed Iran hearings the Foreign Relations Committee held in June as well as one public hearing.”[47]

In January 2016, Rubio accused President Obama of having “deliberately weakened America,” arguing: “He has made an intentional effort to humble us back to size. As if to say: We no longer need to be so powerful because our power has done more harm than good.”[48]

During the campaign trail Rubio argued that if elected president he would “use American power to oppose any violations of international waters, airspace, cyberspace or outer space.” He added that he would treat as “casus belli” any “economic disruptions caused when one country invades another, as well as the chaos caused by disruptions in choke points such as the South China Sea or the Strait of Hormuz.”[49]

Iran

Given Rubio’s strong ties to neoconservative advocacy circles and Israel-centric megadonors, it is little surprise that the senator has been among the more vocal critics of U.S. efforts to pursue diplomatic solutions to overseas disputes. Pointing to President Obama’s efforts in this regard, Rubio claimed during a May 2015 address: “The deterioration of our physical and ideological strength has led to a world far more dangerous than when President Obama entered office.”[50]

A vehement opponent of the nuclear negotiations between Iran and the P5+1 world powers that led to a comprehensive agreement in July 2015, Rubio has said that if elected president he would “absolutely” be willing to go against the wishes of Europeans allies and other international partners like Russia and China to revoke the nuclear deal.[51]

Rubio has framed Iran’s nuclear program in fear-mongering terms, stating in early 2015: “They want a weapon to trigger a global cataclysm that will bring about the arrival of the Thirteenth Imam! I know this sounds bizarre!”[52]

Rubio also said in April 2015 that he wanted to add an amendment to an Iran bill in the Senate that would stipulate Iran would have to recognize Israel as part of a nuclear agreement.[53]

After Iran and the P5+1 successfully concluded negotiations on a comprehensive nuclear deal in July 2015, Rubio complained that the Obama administration “consistently negotiated from a position of weakness, giving concession after concession to a regime that has American blood on its hands.”[54] Rubio also misleadingly claimed that the nuclear deal requires the United States to protect Iran’s nuclear facilities against potential attack or sabotage, saying shortly after the agreement was reached: “[I]f any other country tries to undermine [Iran’s] nuclear program, we have to help them defend themselves against Israel, Egypt, Saudis, our own allies.”[55]

Politifact debunked Rubio’s assertion: “[E]ven if you adopt Rubio’s more expansive interpretation, nothing in the agreement says the United States will ‘have to’ offer assistance, as Rubio puts it; the language of the provision offers significant wiggle room surrounding who, if anyone, might provide such assistance. We rate the claim False.”[56]

In January 2016, after Iran briefly detained 10 U.S. sailors for drifting into Iranian waters, Rubio declared: “You know why they did this? Because they know they can get away with it. Because they know Barack Obama is weak. Because they know he won’t do anything about it.”[57]

Said one commentator: “The thing is, of course, that Obama did do something about it—he secured the expeditious release of the sailors, who suffered no injury during their very brief captivity. A potential crisis was averted and no shots were fired.”[58]

After the International Atomic Energy Agency confirmed that Iran had abided by its commitments under the nuclear deal and significantly downsized its nuclear program, opening the door for the country receiving sanctions relief, Rubio opined: “By channeling this money to Tehran and giving the mullahs international legitimacy, the Obama administration is fueling the greatest growth in Iranian power since the Islamic Republic was established in 1979.”[59]

“Rubio is wrong or misleading in everything he says here,” wrote a pundit for the American Conservative magazine. “The money that has been freed up by sanctions relief are Iranian assets that had been inaccessible to them because of sanctions on their nuclear program. Now that Iran has complied with the terms of the deal, they are gaining access to their own money from which they had been cut off.”[60]

Middle East and U.S. Intervention

In 2015, after the Palestinian Authority (PA) declared it would pursue legal action against Israel in the International Criminal Court (ICC), Rubio along with fellow-hawk Sen. Kirsten Gilibrand (D-NY) sponsored an American Israel Public Affairs Committee-drafted letter that pushed for severe penalties against the PA.[61]

In 2012, Rubio delivered a speech at the Brookings Institution that Salon’s Simon Maloy characterized as making “the case for intervention basically everywhere.” Rubio stated: “[W]hat happens all over the world is our business. Every aspect of our lives is directly impacted by global events. The security of our cities is connected to the security of small hamlets in Afghanistan and Pakistan and Yemen and Somalia.”[62]

Rubio has also heavily criticized international institutions like the United Nations. “The president’s administration has somewhat often had an overreliance on institutions, global institutions, whether it’s the Security Council or it’s the United Nations, to take the lead on some of these issues,” he said in 2012. “In those instances, where the veto power of either China or Russia impedes the world’s ability to deal with a significant threat, it is the United States that will have to organize and lead coalitions with or without Security Council resolutions.”[63]

According to Rubio , “George W. Bush … did a fantastic job as president over eight years.”[64] He has said that the Iraq War was a worthwhile cause, telling Fox News in March 2015 that he does not believe the war was a mistake because “the world is a better place because Saddam Hussein doesn’t run Iraq.”[65]

Cuba

Rubio is staunchly opposed to efforts toward détente between the U.S. and Cuba. After President Obama announced in December 2014 that the United States would seek to normalize its relations with Cuba and take steps to end the Cuban embargo, Rubio berated the decision as “the latest in a long line of failed attempts by President Obama to appease rogue regimes at all costs.”[66] When confronted with survey results that indicate that increasing numbers of Cuban-Americans believe the United States should normalize its relations with Cuba, Rubio defiantly responded: “I don’t care if the polls show that 99 percent of people believe we should normalize relations in Cuba.”[67]

Rubio has received support from anti-Cuba Florida businessman Benjamín León Jr. According to a 2015 report in theNation, León had “contributed $2.5 million to the Rubio-supporting super-PAC called Conservative Solutions.”[68]

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Sources

[1] Justin Logan, “Where the Neocons Went, Rubio Is Following,” US News and World Report, March 26, 2013,http://www.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/world-report/2013/03/26/rand-paul-gets-foreign-policy-right-while-rubio-calls-for-war.

[2] Eli Clifton, “Rubio Anointed Neocon Choice,” Lobelog, November 2, 2015, https://lobelog.com/rubio-anointed-neocon-choice/.

[3] Eliana Johnson, “The Neocons Return,” The National Review, October 6, 2014,http://www.nationalreview.com/article/389598/neocons-return-eliana-johnson.

[4] Pema Levy, “Marco Rubio Wants to Make Neocons Cool Again,” Mother Jones, May 13, 2015,http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/marco-rubio-neocon-advisers-bush-council-foreign-relations.

[5] Eliana Johnson, “Meet the Rubio Doctrine, Which Sounds a Lot Like the Truman Doctrine,” National Review, May 13, 2015, http://www.nationalreview.com/article/418290/marco-rubio-tries-his-wings-foreign-policy-hawk-eliana-johnson.

[6] Justin Logan, “Where the Neocons Went, Rubio Is Following,” US News and World Report, March 26, 2013,http://www.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/world-report/2013/03/26/rand-paul-gets-foreign-policy-right-while-rubio-calls-for-war.

[7] Lawrence Wilkerson, “RUBIO’S FOREIGN POLICY IS RASH, RECKLESS AND RISKY,” Newsweek, January 15, 2016, http://www.newsweek.com/rubios-foreign-policy-rash-reckless-and-risky-416351

[8] Peter Beinart, “Marco Rubio Sells Out His Principles,” The Atlantic, January 15, 2016,http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/01/marco-rubio-changes-course/424329/.

[9] Peter Beinart, “Marco Rubio Sells Out His Principles,” The Atlantic, January 15, 2016,http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/01/marco-rubio-changes-course/424329/.

[10] Kailani Koenig, “Rubio: San Bernardino Attacks Represent ‘Most Dangerous’ Threat,” NBCNews, December 4, 2015,http://www.nbcnews.com/politics/2016-election/rubio-san-bernardino-attacks-represent-most-dangerous-threat-n474581.

[11] David Drucker, “Marco Rubio jumps in, will leave Senate,” Washington Examiner, April 13, 2015,http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/marco-rubio-jumps-in-will-leave-senate/article/2562951.

[12] Pema Levy, “Marco Rubio Wants to Make Neocons Cool Again,” Mother Jones, May 13, 2015,http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/marco-rubio-neocon-advisers-bush-council-foreign-relations

[13] Alex Isenstadt, “Marco Rubio takes lead in Sheldon Adelson primary,” Politico, April 23, 2015,http://www.politico.com/story/2015/04/marco-rubio-takes-lead-in-sheldon-adelson-primary-117268.html#ixzz3Y8Cx5KtE.

[14] Alex Isenstadt, “Marco Rubio takes lead in Sheldon Adelson primary,” Politico, April 23, 2015,http://www.politico.com/story/2015/04/marco-rubio-takes-lead-in-sheldon-adelson-primary-117268.html#ixzz3Y8Cx5KtE.

[15] Jonathan Ferziger, “Sheldon Adelson Beats 2016 Drum for Marco Rubio Through Free Israeli Newspaper,” Bloomberg, June 16, 2015, http://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-06-16/adelson-beats-2016-drum-for-rubio-through-free-israeli-newspaper?utm_source=Newsletter+subscribers&utm_campaign=57b839153b-Daily_Briefing_6_18_2015&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_2dce5bc6f8-57b839153b-25355665.

[16] Alex Isenstadt, “Sheldon Adelson warms to Marco Rubio,” Politico, October 12, 2015,http://www.politico.com/story/2015/10/marco-rubio-sheldon-adelson-donors-2016-214680.

[17] Rosie Gray, “Rubio Wooed Pro-Israel Crowd At Paul Singer’s House,” Buzzfeed, April 7, 2015,http://www.buzzfeed.com/rosiegray/rubio-wooed-pro-israel-crowd-at-paul-singers-house#.ctOJYqw8pl.

[18] Theodore Schleifer, Sunlen Serfaty, and Dana Bash, “Top Republican billionaire Paul Singer endorses Marco Rubio,” CNN, October 31, 2015, http://www.cnn.com/2015/10/30/politics/marco-rubio-paul-singer-endorsement/.

[19] Eli Clifton, “Rubio Blames Obama For Palestinian Violence, Promises ‘Unconditional Support’ to Israel,” LobeLog, October 14, 2015, http://lobelog.com/rubio-blames-obama-for-palestinian-violence-promises-unconditional-support-to-israel/.

[20] Eli Clifton, “Rubio Blames Obama For Palestinian Violence, Promises ‘Unconditional Support’ to Israel,” LobeLog, October 14, 2015, http://lobelog.com/rubio-blames-obama-for-palestinian-violence-promises-unconditional-support-to-israel/.

[21] Eli Clifton, “Following Paul Singer’s Money, Argentina, and Iran (Continued),” LobeLog, May 8, 2015,http://www.lobelog.com/following-paul-singers-money-argentina-and-iran-continued/.

[22] Greg Palast, “Uber-Vultures: The Billionaires Who Would Pick Our President,” Truthout, October 6, 2011,http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/3772:ubervultures-the-billionaires-who-would-pick-our-president.

[23] Jim Lobe and Charles Davis, “Following the Money: The New Anti-Semitism?” LobeLog, May 1, 2015,http://www.lobelog.com/following-the-money-the-new-anti-semitism/.

[24] Eli Clifton, “Following Paul Singer’s Money, Argentina, and Iran (Continued),” LobeLog, May 8, 2015,http://www.lobelog.com/following-paul-singers-money-argentina-and-iran-continued/.

[25] Uriel Heilman, “Marco Rubio’s big Jewish backer and 7 other things to know about him,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 29, 2015, http://www.jta.org/2015/10/29/news-opinion/politics/marco-rubios-big-jewish-backer-and-7-other-things-to-know-about-him.

[26] Philip Weiss, “Rubio’s biggest backer says U.S. must be ‘global military power’ so that we can sustain Israel,” Mondoweiss, May 12, 2015, http://mondoweiss.net/2015/05/biggest-military-sustain.

[27] Eli Clifton, “Rubio Adviser Says Obama Feels ‘Entitled to Screw Israel,’” LobeLog, October 12, 2015,http://lobelog.com/rubio-adviser-says-obama-feels-entitled-to-screw-israel/.

[28] Eli Clifton, “Rubio Adviser Says Obama Feels ‘Entitled to Screw Israel,’” LobeLog, October 12, 2015,http://lobelog.com/rubio-adviser-says-obama-feels-entitled-to-screw-israel/.

[29] Eliana Johnson, “The Neocons Return,” The National Review, October 6, 2014,http://www.nationalreview.com/article/389598/neocons-return-eliana-johnson.

[30] Alex Leary, “Rubio adds to foreign affairs staff,” Tampa Bay Times “The Buzz” blog, January 18, 2013,http://www.tampabay.com/blogs/the-buzz-florida-politics/content/rubio-adds-foreign-affairs-staff.

[31] Pema Levy, “Marco Rubio Wants to Make Neocons Cool Again,” Mother Jones, May 13, 2015,http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/marco-rubio-neocon-advisers-bush-council-foreign-relations.

[32] Eliana Johnson, “The Neocons Return,” The National Review, October 6, 2014,http://www.nationalreview.com/article/389598/neocons-return-eliana-johnson.

[33] Steve Holland and Alistair Bell, “Hawkish U.S. foreign policy at heart of Rubio’s presidential bid,” Reuters, April 13, 2015, http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/04/13/us-usa-election-rubio-idUSKBN0N40W720150413.

[34] Pema Levy, “Marco Rubio Wants to Make Neocons Cool Again,” Mother Jones, May 13, 2015,http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/marco-rubio-neocon-advisers-bush-council-foreign-relations

[35] Pema Levy, “Marco Rubio Wants to Make Neocons Cool Again,” Mother Jones, May 13, 2015,http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/marco-rubio-neocon-advisers-bush-council-foreign-relations

[36] Jonathan Mark, “Who’s Ahead in The ‘Sheldon Adelson Primary?’” The Jewish Week, July 22, 2015,http://www.thejewishweek.com/news/new-york/whos-ahead-sheldon-adelson-primary.

[37] Pema Levy, “Bush v. Rubio: Who Will Win Neocons’ Hearts and Minds?” Mother Jones, May 15, 2015,http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/bush-rubio-neocons-project-for-a-new-american-century.

[38] John Mearsheimer, “Why the Ukraine Crisis Is the West’s Fault,” Foreign Affairs, September/October 2014,http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/141769/john-j-mearsheimer/why-the-ukraine-crisis-is-the-wests-fault.

[39] Council on Foreign Relations, “A Conversation with Marco Rubio,” May 13, 2015, http://www.cfr.org/united-states/conversation-marco-rubio/p36511.

[40] Council on Foreign Relations, “A Conversation with Marco Rubio,” May 13, 2015, http://www.cfr.org/united-states/conversation-marco-rubio/p36511.

[41] Council on Foreign Relations, “A Conversation with Marco Rubio,” May 13, 2015, http://www.cfr.org/united-states/conversation-marco-rubio/p36511.

[42] Council on Foreign Relations, “A Conversation with Marco Rubio,” May 13, 2015, http://www.cfr.org/united-states/conversation-marco-rubio/p36511.

[43] Evan Hurst, “Marco Rubio Gets His Chance To Flub Iraq Question, Nails It,” Wonkette, May 18, 2015,http://wonkette.com/585942/marco-rubio-gets-his-chance-to-flub-iraq-question-nails-it.

[44] Eliana Johnson, “Meet the Rubio Doctrine, Which Sounds a Lot Like the Truman Doctrine,” National Review, May 13, 2015, http://www.nationalreview.com/article/418290/meet-rubio-doctrine-which-sounds-lot-truman-doctrine-eliana-johnson.

[45] A.J. Delgado, “Marco Rubio Invades the World,” The American Conservative, July 6, 2015,http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/marco-rubio-invades-the-world/.

[46] Manu Raju, “Marco Rubio, absentee senator,” Politico, July 27, 2015, http://www.politico.com/story/2015/07/marco-rubio-2016-job-senator-absentee-120643.html?cmpid=sf.

[47] Manu Raju, “Marco Rubio, absentee senator,” Politico, July 27, 2015, http://www.politico.com/story/2015/07/marco-rubio-2016-job-senator-absentee-120643.html?cmpid=sf.

[48] Ledyard King, “Marco Rubio criticizes ‘isolationist’ rivals in GOP field,” USAToday, January 4, 2016,http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/onpolitics/2016/01/04/marco-rubio-criticizes-isolationist-rivals-gop-field/78258292/.

[49] Doug Bandow, “Marco Rubio Gets Desperate: War-Mongering Neoconservative Attacks Unnamed ‘Isolationists,’” Huffinton Post, January 11, 2016, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/doug-bandow/marco-rubio-gets-desperat_b_8953092.html.

[50] Joshua Keating, “The Rubio Doctrine Sounds an Awful Lot Like the Romney Doctrine,” Slate, May 13, 2015,http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_slatest/2015/05/13/the_rubio_doctrine_sounds_an_awful_lot_like_the_romney_doctrine.html.

[51] Sahil Kapur, “Marco Rubio’s Foreign Policy Evolution From Moderate to Ultra-Hawk,” Bloomberg, May 12, 2015,http://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-05-12/marco-rubio-s-foreign-policy-evolution-from-moderate-to-ultra-hawk.

[52] Nick Hankoff, “5 Marco Rubio Quotes That Prove He’s the Neocon Dream Candidate,” Voices of Liberty, April 13, 2015, http://www.voicesofliberty.com/article/5-marco-rubio-quotes-that-prove-hes-the-neocon-dream-candidate/.

[53] Jim Lobe, “Iran Hawks Clearly Unhappy with Corker,” LobeLog, April 18, 2015, http://www.lobelog.com/iran-hawks-clearly-unhappy-with-corker/

[54] David Sherfinski, “Marco Rubio: Iran deal ‘undermines our national security,’” Washington Times, July 14, 2015,http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/jul/14/marco-rubio-iran-deal-undermines-our-national-secu/.

[55] Amy Sherman, “Marco Rubio says Iran deal means we have to help defend Iran from Israel or other allies,” PolitiFact, July 23, 2015, http://www.politifact.com/florida/statements/2015/jul/23/marco-rubio/marco-rubio-says-iran-deal-means-we-have-help-defe/

[56] Amy Sherman, “Marco Rubio says Iran deal means we have to help defend Iran from Israel or other allies,” PolitiFact, July 23, 2015, http://www.politifact.com/florida/statements/2015/jul/23/marco-rubio/marco-rubio-says-iran-deal-means-we-have-help-defe/

[57] Simon Maloy, “Rubio’s desperate Iran spin: In his twisted neocon logic, dodging an international crisis is somehow a bad thing,” Salon, January 14, 2016,http://www.salon.com/2016/01/14/rubios_desperate_iran_spin_in_his_twisted_neocon_logic_dodging_an_international_crisis_is_somehow_a_bad_thing/.

[58] Simon Maloy, “Rubio’s desperate Iran spin: In his twisted neocon logic, dodging an international crisis is somehow a bad thing,” Salon, January 14, 2016,http://www.salon.com/2016/01/14/rubios_desperate_iran_spin_in_his_twisted_neocon_logic_dodging_an_international_crisis_is_somehow_a_bad_thing/.

[59] Daniel Larison, “Rubio’s Iran Tantrum and the Hawkish Loathing of Diplomacy,” The American Conservative, January 18, 2016, http://www.theamericanconservative.com/larison/rubios-iran-tantrum-and-the-hawkish-loathing-of-diplomacy/.

[60] Daniel Larison, “Rubio’s Iran Tantrum and the Hawkish Loathing of Diplomacy,” The American Conservative, January 18, 2016, http://www.theamericanconservative.com/larison/rubios-iran-tantrum-and-the-hawkish-loathing-of-diplomacy/.

[61] Mitchell Plitnick, “Congress Takes Aim At the Palestinians,” LobeLog, February 3, 2015,http://www.lobelog.com/congress-takes-aim-at-the-palestinians/.

[62] Simon Maloy, “Marco Rubio’s grand whitewash: Iraq, neoconservatism and the foreign policy catastrophe he wants us all to forget,” Salon, May 14, 2015,http://www.salon.com/2015/05/14/marco_rubios_grand_whitewash_iraq_neoconservatism_and_the_foreign_policy_catastrophe_he_wants_us_all_to_forget/

[63] Rebecca Kaplan, “Rubio Says U.S. Should Be Less Constrained by International Institutions,” National Journal, April 2012, http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-presidential-campaign/rubio-says-u-s-should-be-less-constrained-by-international-institutions-20120425.

[64] Simon Maloy, “Marco ‘Dubya’ Rubio: GOP’s bright young hope promises to revive George Bush’s calamitous foreign policy,” Salon, May 14, 2015,http://www.salon.com/2015/05/14/marco_w_rubio_gops_bright_young_hope_promises_to_revive_george_bushs_calamitous_foreign_policy/

[65] Alexandra Jaffe, “Marco Rubio weighs in on Iraq question,” CNN, May 14, 2015,http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/13/politics/rubio-iraq-war-shift/.

[66] Jim Lobe, “After 53 Years, Obama To Normalize Ties with Cuba,” LobeLog, December 17, 2014,http://www.lobelog.com/after-53-years-obama-to-normalize-ties-with-cuba/.

[67] Sam Brodey, “Marco Rubio’s Cold War Approach to Cuba Is Losing Him Voters,” Mother Jones, May 13, 2015,http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/marco-rubio-cuba-policy-2016

[68] Eli Clifton, “Meet Marco Rubio’s Far-Right Neocon Donors,” The Nation, December 11, 2015,http://www.thenation.com/article/meet-marco-rubios-far-right-neocon-donors/.

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Rubio, Marco Résumé

Affiliations

  • Florida International University: AdjunctProfessor

Government

  • 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate
  • U.S. Senate (R-FL): 2011 –
  • Florida House of Representatives: Former Member (2000-2009)

Education

  • University of Florida: BA, Political Science
  • University of Miami School of Law: JD

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