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Tracking militarists’ efforts to influence U.S. foreign policy

Thomas White

  • Former Secretary of the Army
  • Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs: Participant/award recipient
  • Enron: Former vice chairman/senior executive

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Thomas White is a former Enron executive and Secretary of the Army. His brief yet tumultuous tenure in the Bush Pentagon, where he served from 2001 to 2003, was marked by public scrutiny into his business dealings and by conflicts with Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld over Iraq planning and force modernization issues.

White left the U.S. army in 1990 after a 23-year career that saw him reach the rank of brigadier general, becoming a vice chairman of energy services at an eponymous subsidiary of the Enron Corporation. White actively leveraged his military connections to secure government contracts for Enron during his 11-year tenure there.[1]

White apparently preserved his connections at Enron after his Department of the Army appointment in 2001, promising to escalate the use of such contracts even as he retained millions of dollars worth of holdings in his former employer.[2] His dealings attracted widespread scrutiny and created the impression of a conflict of interest, leading to congressional hearings into his Enron connections.[3]

Although Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, who apparently required his appointees to have corporate experience, publicly backed White over his Enron connections, the two butted heads over other issues. In one instance, White circulated a list of talking points among members of Congress supporting the implementation of a weapons system that Rumsfeld wanted to cut. In another, White refused to rebuke a subordinate—General Eric Shinseki—for publicly warning that a U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq would require “several hundred thousand” troops, a politically unappetizing estimate opposed by war planners like Rumsfeld and his deputy Paul Wolfowitz. The cumulative effect of these tensions, amid ongoing revelations about White’s ties to Enron, led Rumsfeld to demand White’s resignation in April 2003.[4]

After leaving the administration, White openly criticized the Defense Department’s decision-making in Iraq, arguing in a 2003 book entitled Reconstructing Eden (which White coauthored with three economists), "It is quite clear in the immediate aftermath of hostilities that the plan for winning the peace is totally inadequate. Clearly the view that the war to 'liberate' Iraq would instantly produce a pro-United States citizenry ready for economic and political rebirth ignored harsh realities on the ground."[5]

In 2001, prior to his falling out with Rumsfeld, White was courted by the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, a neoconservative-linked group that promotes ties between U.S. and Israeli military officials. In 1997, White and his wife attended one of the group’s junkets to Israel, and in 2001 it awarded him its Scoop Jackson Distinguished Service Award. Accepting the award, White praised JINSA’s “interest in keeping America strong” and warned that “our enemies will attack if they perceive our weakness, physical or moral.”


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[1] Jayson Blair, “Ft. Hamilton Utility Deal With Enron Is Questioned,” New York Times, March 10, 2002, http://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/10/business/10BID.html.

[2] Laurence McQuillan, "Ex-Enron official speeds Army's energy deals White's push to privatize isn't a conflict, Pentagon says," USA Today, January 21, 2002.

[3] See, for example, CBS News, “Army Chief Faces Enron Questions,” July 18, 2002, http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/07/22/politics/main515789.shtml.

[4] CNN.com, “Source: Army secretary resigns on Rumsfeld's demand,” April 25, 2003, http://articles.cnn.com/2003-04-25/us/white.fired_1_crusader-artillery-system-secretary-white-army-secretary?_s=PM:US.

[5] Quoted in Robert Burns, “Ex-Army official blasts US plan,” Boston.com, September 3, 2003, http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2003/09/03/ex_army_official_blasts_us_plan/

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Thomas White Résumé


  • Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs(JINSA): Recipient of JINSA's 2001 Henry "Scoop" Jackson Distinguished Service Award (along with the other service secretaries, Gordon England and James Roche); Member of JINSA-sponsored junket to Israel, 1997


  • Former Secretary of the Army, 2001-2003
  • U.S. Army: Highest rank was Brigadier General, 1967-1990


  • Enron: Former vice chairman/senior executive, 1990-2001


  • West Point
  • United States Army War College
  • Naval Postgraduate School: Degree in operations, 1974


Thomas White News Feed

Republicans choose recent Maine Maritime grad to run for Bangor area house seat - Bangor Daily NewsThomas Dixon Jr: The great-granddaddy of American white nationalism - Washington PostThomas White International LTD Raised Parker Hannifin (PH) Holding by $355,386; Davenport & Company Has Lowered Holding in Fsm (FSM) as Stock Declined - The MoveefyOzzie Guillen, Frank Thomas Added to SoxFest Lineup - NBC ChicagoObituary: Shirley Louise Forgey (1/22/19) - Fort Scott TribuneMan with multiple charges back in jail following new drug charge - KFDXWns Holdings Limited (WNS) Shares Declined While Thomas White International LTD Lowered Its Position by $2.86 Million; Quadrant Capital Management Position in Bankamerica (BAC) Has Lifted by $323,408 - The MoveefyApple (AAPL) Holder Thomas White International LTD Has Raised Stake; Madrona Financial Services Increased Its Microsoft (MSFT) Position by $376,884 as Stock Value Declined - The MoveefyAs Cognizant Tech Solution (CTSH) Share Value Declined, Thomas White International LTD Increased Position by $378,994; Regentatlantic Capital Position in Sanderson Farms (SAFM) Lowered as Shares Declined - The MoveefyInfosys LTD Adr (INFY) Shareholder Thomas White International LTD Boosted Stake; Bedrijfstakpensioenfonds Voor De Media Pno Holding in Estee Lauder Companies (EL) Increased by $652,500 as Stock Declined - The MoveefyThomas Glenn White Obituary - WKBN.comThomas White International LTD Decreased Fibria Celulose Sa Adr (FBR) Holding by $3.93 Million; Share Price Declined; Cantillon Capital Management Has Lifted Stake in Equifax (EFX) as Shares Declined - The Moveefy3 Republicans, 2 Dems seek party nods next week to run for open Bangor House seat - Bangor Daily NewsAs Fibria Celulose Sa Adr (FBR) Market Valuation Declined, Shareholder Thomas White International LTD Cut Stake by $3.93 Million; Bankwell Finl Group (BWFG) Shareholder Seidman Lawrence B Has Lifted Its Stake by $1.90 Million as Shares Declined - The MoveefyCadence Design Systems (CDNS) Stock Declined While Thomas White International LTD Has Lowered Its Holding by $673,200; As Facebook (FB) Stock Declined, Btg Pactual Global Asset Management LTD Boosted by $3.27 Million Its Holding - The FinExaminerPair armed with hatchet robbed St. Thomas Unimart, police say - Chambersburg Public OpinionVanguard Group Inc Has $107.61 Million Stake in Infosys Ltd (INFY) - Fairfield CurrentHavens Advisors Lowered Its Position in USG (USG) by $652,568; Thomas White International LTD Decreased Its Home Depot (HD) Stake by $370,116; Stock Value Declined - The MoveefyAs Intuit (INTU) Stock Value Declined, Thomas White International LTD Decreased Position by $879,625; General Dynamics (GD) Shareholder Autus Asset Management Boosted Its Holding - The Yomi BlogThomas White International LTD Stake in Home Depot (HD) Trimmed as Share Price Declined; Shannon River Fund Management Boosted Its Realpage (RP) Position by $1.30 Million - The Moveefy

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