Can't find what you're looking for? Try browsing our other profile pages: Individuals, Government, Funders, Organizations, Media, Businesses,

-

The 1992 draft Defense Planning Guidance (DPG), crafted by then-Defense Department staffers I. Lewis Libby, Paul Wolfowitz, and Zalmay Khalilzad, is widely regarded as an early formulation of the...

-

A Lebanese-American investment banker closely tied to many neoconservative figures, Abdelnour wants the United States or Israel to “annihilate” Hezbollah.

-

From his perch at the Council on Foreign Relations, veteran neoconservative ideologue Elliott Abrams has steadfastly advocated launching U.S. strikes on Syria since even before the regime of Bashar al-Assad was accused of using chemical weapons. In Egypt, on the other hand, Abrams has broken with many of his neoconservative allies—and departed from the role he played during the Reagan administration, when he vouched for the human rights records of right-wing regimes receiving U.S. military assistance in Latin America—by arguing that the U.S. should halt its assistance to Egypt’s military following its overthrow of President Mohamed Morsi and its violent crackdown on Morsi’s supporters.

-

Rachel Abrams was a member of a well-established neoconservative family who blogged for the Weekly Standard and served as a board member of the Emergency Committee for Israel.

-

The U.S. government has dropped most of its remaining weapons-trafficking charges against former executives from the military contractor Blackwater, now known as Academi. Reportedly, the company was able to prove that it had conducted dangerous missions, purchased weapons, and sold them overseas on behalf of the CIA itself, acting as a "virtual extension" of the intelligence agency at a time when its resources were strained. The case has shed new light on the increasing role that the U.S. government has given to private military contractors in conflict situations.

-

Addington, an author of the infamous “torture memos” who is now VP at the Heritage Foundation, has remained conspicuously silent as the debate over torture has heated up since the slaying of Osama bin Laden.

-

Although favorably inclined toward philanthropy, Carol Adelman has offered misleading assessments about the magnitude of U.S. charitable giving and foreign aid.

-

A longtime Washington insider closely aligned with neoconservatives, Ken Adelman has served several Republican administrations since the mid-1970s and was a vocal proponent of the invasion of Iraq.

-

Casino magnate Sheldon Adelson, an important financial backer of right-wing “pro-Israel” groups who has given millions of dollars to Republican political candidates, is already being courted by potential 2016 GOP presidential candidates in what political insiders are calling the "Adelson Primary." After spending millions on the long-shot Newt Gingrich in 2012 before pivoting to Mitt Romney, reports say Adelson is now looking to support a more "electable" Republican in 2016. According to the Washington Post, "This strategy would favor more-established 2016 hopefuls such as former Florida governor Jeb Bush, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker, and Ohio Gov. John Kasich"—all of whom are paying visits to the billionaire magnate at his luxury hotel in Las Vegas.

-

Harold Agnew is a nuclear physicist who worked on both the creation of the first atomic weapons and on the project to build the hydrogen bomb. As a young member of the Manhattan Project, Agnew flew...

-

Sohrab Ahmari is a conservative Iranian-American who supports U.S.-led regime change in Iran and is closely associated with right-wing “pro-Israel” factions in the United States. A frequent critic of the nonviolent Boycott, Divest, and Sanction (BDS) movement aimed Israeli settlements in the West Bank, Ahmari has repeatedly attributed turmoil in the Middle East, and in particular Israel-Palestine, to "Arab pathologies," dismissing the impact of Israeli expansionism. "The [Middle East and North Africa] problem, to which Israel policies in territories are a reaction, is crisis of Arab civilization," he wrote recently on Twitter. He added that criticisms of Israel's settlements amount to demands for "a besieged, flawed democracy to relinquish a buffer against all that [Arab] murderousness."

-

Akins, a former U.S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia and advisor to the hawkish Iran Policy Committee, helped play a role forging elite Middle East consensus over Israel during the 1970s and foresaw the popular backlash in the region over U.S. policies.

-

Ensconced at the conservative Hoover Institution, this former member of Donald Rumsfeld’s Defense Policy Board now seems to spend much of his time distressing over President Obama and venerating the memory of Ronald Reagan...

-

A vehicle for the controversial writer Rachel Ehrenfeld, the American Center for Democracy is a Manhattan-based nonprofit dedicated to “exposing and monitoring threats to the national security of the U.S. and Western democracies.” In recent publications, Ehrenfeld has warned that the U.S. is vulnerable to an “electromagnetic pulse” attack from Iran or North Korea and chided President Obama for “attempting to pacify the Muslim/Arab world” by “sitting on the fence” over Syria.

-

The American Committee for Peace in the Caucasus is an alliance of neoconservatives, liberal hawks, and peace activists working toward greater autonomy in the Caucasus, primarily with an eye to weakening Russia for U.S. strategic benefit.

-

The American Committee for Peace in the Caucasus, a largely defunct Freedom House initiative that aimed to isolate Russia, attracted media attention after the Boston bombings because of its neoconservative-led efforts to “make friends” with Muslims in that corner of the globe in the wake of the 9/11 attacks. As one writer commented shortly after the Boston attack, “even neocons were for Chechens before they were against them.”

-

A core member of the Old Right, the ACU has helped drive the Republican Party further right since the election of President Obama.

-

Writers based at the American Enterprise Institute, an important source of neoconservative advocacy on U.S. foreign policy, have steadfastly promoted U.S. support for Taiwan. As one reporter discovered recently, this should come as little surprise. Taiwan appears to have been a generous funder to AEI. In 2009, the Taiwanese government gave more than half a million dollars to the think tank, even as some AEI employees were agitating for U.S. arms sales to the country. This fact led one transparency expert to conclude that the organization should be obliged to register as a foreign agent.

-

From its support for Salvadoran death squads to its enthusiasm for an aggressive “war on terror,” the American Foreign Policy Council has pushed a hawkish agenda on foreign affairs since its founding in 1982. Ilan Berman, the group’s vice president, recently argued that the Obama administration’s sanctions on Iran were “flimsy,” even as the country experiences a currency crisis and plummeting oil exports. Berman said the administration should push for “full enforcement” of energy sanctions nonetheless, even if it risked a downturn in U.S. relations with Russia or China, leading one commentator to muse that Berman’s “prescriptions for the Islamic Republic are starting to sound a lot like a movie we've already seen.”

-

After failing to marshal support for a U.S. military strike on Syria and head off renewed nuclear negotiations between Iran and the P5+1 powers, AIPAC has been forced to back down again—this time from its bid to pass new sanctions on Iran while talks are underway over the future of its nuclear enrichment program. The group recently failed to persuade enough Democrats to back sanctions legislation sponsored by the hawkish Sens. Mark Kirk (R-IL) and Robert Menendez (D-NJ). Critics in and outside of government accused the bill's supporters of trying to sink the negotiations and start a war.

-

Once described as the “heart and soul of the military-industrial complex,” the American Security Council was an influential old-guard conservative group during the early Cold War that latter served as a key institutional vehicle for anti-détente militarism.

-

The American Turkish Council is an influential beltway organization chaired by former Bush Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage that serves as a conduit for U.S.-Turkish relations despite being marred by scandals involving bribery of government officials.

-

About . Founded in 2001 by then-Bradley Foundation head Michael Joyce at the behest of Karl Rove, George W. Bush's personal adviser, Americans for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise...

-

Americans for Peace and Tolerance is a Boston-based advocacy group founded by "pro-Israel" and anti-Islamic activist Charles Jacobs.

-

Founded shortly after 9/11, the Claremont Institute-based Americans for Victory over Terrorism champions “victory” in the “war on terrorism,” in part by promoting “research about Islam and Islamism” and “attacking those who would blame America first.”

-

A long-standing mover and shaker in the “pro-Israel” lobby, Morris Amitay is vice chair of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs and former head of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee. Amitay has joined a chorus of rightwing ideologues in attacking the Obama administration for purportedly being weak on Iran. In a recent interview with Washington Jewish Week, Amitay bemoaned how the” administration’s blandishments, threats, and promises” had kept many Democrats from supporting the Menendez-Kirk “Nuclear Free Iran” bill, a package of sanctions that observers argued would have derailed ongoing negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program.    

-

Anderson is a fellow at the Hoover Institution and a veteran foreign policy hawk whose career has included serving four Republican presidents.

-

The new owner of neocon mouthpiece the Weekly Standard is an Evangelical business tycoon whose media holdings provide a powerful voice for his rightwing views on taxes, national security, and family values.

-

Applebaum, a program director at the London-based Legatum Institute and a former American Enterprise Institute fellow, writes a column for the Washington Post in which she has revealed an on-again-off-again affinity for U.S. military interventions, including pushing the idea that President Obama must be prepared to go to war with Iran.

-

The Israel-based Ariel Center for Policy Research is a right-wing advocacy and research institute founded in 1997 that espouses a militant ideology and is associated with conservative “pro-Israel” advocacy groups in the United States.

-

An academic center of the American conservative movement, the Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs has been a vigorous defender of the war on terrorism and an unequivocal supporter for Israel.

-

John Ashcroft, the former attorney general who presided over some of the more controversial counterterrorism policies of the George W. Bush presidency, has enjoyed a lucrative stint in the private sector since leaving government in 2005, founding the Ashcroft Group consulting firm, serving on the boards of a host of security-related firms, and becoming an independent director of Academi, the successor company to Blackwater. Ashcroft also continues to weigh in on U.S. national security issues. At a recent Aspen Security Forum, Ashcroft praised drone strikes, stating that if the president wants to "smoke somebody," he can "still eliminate them" even if "we're not at war with them." He added: “We’re still at war” and “I don't think we should shrink from using [our military].”

-

Described by the Boston Globe as “the favorite” choice of the Pentagon bureaucracy to replace outgoing Defense Secretary Leon Panetta, Ashton Carter is an accomplished academic and longtime Pentagon official who currently serves as deputy secretary of defense in the Barack Obama administration. Carter has been adamant in his insistence that the United States place force on the table in its efforts to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons programs, arguing in numerous venues over the years that “coercion” should be seen as a legitimate tool to halt presumed weapons programs in countries hostile to the United States, including Iran.

-

Akbar Atri is a former Iranian student activist and a self-appointed spokesman for Iranian students and pro-democracy advocates in the United States—a role clouded by his membership in the Committee on the Present Danger and as an advocate for "extreme sanctions" on his native country. In a recent statement betraying a muddled understanding of history, Atri warned that "rewarding" Iran by lifting pressure in exchange for nuclear concessions could lead to "chaos" on the order of when "the Taliban came over with the 9/11 attacks."

-

Former Lockheed Martin CEO Norman Augustine embodies the connections among the defense industry, hardline pressure groups, and hawkish think tanks.

-

Tea Party favorite Rep. Michele Bachmann has become a willing mouthpiece on Capitol Hill for Islamophobic-driven conspiracy theories, including the suggestion that a close aide to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is connected to the Muslim Brotherhood.

-

A former government arms control official and a senior associate at the National Institute for Public Policy, Kathleen Bailey has long opposed U.S. arms control initiatives. Most recently, she supported an open letter to President Obama breathlessly claiming that his desire to rid the world of nuclear weapons would lead to “unilateral” disarmament and warning that North Korea and Iran were working together to “amass” nuclear weapons know-how.

-

Attorney general under President George H.W. Bush, William Barr has been a prominent conservative activist for decades.

-

Christian Zionist leader and former GOP presidential candidate Gary Bauer is among several right-wing leaders who have called for investigations into whether the U.S. government has been infiltrated by Islamic extremists.

-

Human rights specialist Anne Bayefsky has carved out a niche lambasting the UN Human Rights Council for not meshing with her “pro-Israel” politics.

-

Gary Becker, the winner of the 1992 Nobel Prize in Economics, is a conservative writer and economist based at the University of Chicago and Stanford University's Hoover Institution. A well known...

-

A longtime right-wing activist, Bell sees the Tea Party and social conservatism as being at heart a single movement based on what he terms “America’s founding values.”

-

This now defunct speakers bureau and PR firm played an important role promoting neoconservative voices in the U.S. media after 9/11.

-

Benador Public Relations is the successor company to Benador Associates, a PR firm that played a key role promoting major neoconservative figures during the first George W. Bush administration.

-

A publicist who helped promote a plank of neoconservative writers after 9/11, Benador argues that the United States is being invaded by Muslims, that President Obama “and his people” committed “high treason” in his response to the killing of Afghan civilians by a U.S. soldier, and that Americans are suffering from an “endless deteriorating reality.”

-

Gabriel Benador is the associate director of Benador Public Relations, the successor firm to Benador Associates, a public relations company that served as a key promoter of neoconservative ideologues after the 9/11 attacks and during the run up to the invasion of Iraq.

-

Former Reagan official and longtime conservative pundit Bill Bennett has used his radio program to hype the views of his former colleagues at the Project for a New American Century.

-

Jeffrey Bergner is a corporate lobbyist and longtime supporter of neoconservative groups like the Hudson Institute and the Project for the New American Century.

-

Ilan Berman, vice president of the American Foreign Policy Council, is a frequent public commentator on U.S. Iran policy who advocates “regime change” in Tehran. However, Berman’s writings have been criticized for overstating allegations and falsely attributing claims about Iran’s activities to U.S. intelligence officials.

-

Joe Lieberman, the “Independent Democrat” from Connecticut who retired from the Senate in early 2013, has found a new soapbox at the recently launched Bipartisan Coalition for American Security (BCAS). Founded in June 2013 with Lieberman and former Massachusetts Sen. Scott Brown as co-chairs, BCAS is the latest effort by hawks to provide a bipartisan sheen to a litany of agenda items, including threatening action against Iran, launching airstrikes against Syria, and maintaining a robust U.S. military budget. According to a statement on the group’s website, BCAS’s “singular goal is to ensure that America remains the most powerful nation in the world.”

-

The ostensibly centrist Bipartisan Policy Center has played an important role in shifting Beltway rhetoric on Iran to the hawkish right. In late 2012, for example, BPC “Iran Task Force” members Dennis Ross, Michael Makovsky, and Charles Robb took to the Wall Street Journal to argue that the economic impact of a hypothetical “nuclear Iran” would be more detrimental than an actual U.S. strike on the country. The argument, which was disputed by critics, essentially aimed to provide an economic case for going to war. The report came on the tail end of a year in which the center published a slew of documents devoted to pressuring the United States to “stop the clock” on Iran’s alleged nuclear weapons program.

-

Cofer Black is a former CIA officer and Blackwater executive who worked on Mitt Romney’s 2008 and 2012 presidential campaigns, earning the moniker as the former governor’s “trusted envoy to the dark side.”

-

The erstwhile media mogul and conservative writer, Black was recently released from prison—after serving just over two years of his six-year sentence for fraud convictions—as a result of a U.S. Supreme Court ruling that limited the effect of a federal fraud law.

-

Since taking over the “pro-Israel” lobby The Israel Project in 2012, erstwhile Democratic Party advocate Josh Block has led the organization into a number of sharply partisan battles, including accusing State Department officials of primarily serving the interests of their Arab “clients.” The outburst led one observer to quip, "One would think a pro-Israel activist might be self-aware enough to not make baseless accusations that others are dedicated to promoting the interests of foreign countries, but one would be wrong."

-

Dan Blumenthal, director of Asia studies at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute, believes that the United States and China are locked in an "awkward embrace" of economic codependence and military rivalry—a dynamic Blumenthal wants to make more dicey by increasing the U.S. military budget, launching a military buildup in the Asia-Pacific region, and preparing for a "proxy war" with China. Blumenthal has also criticized the recent accord over the Iranian nuclear program, signing an open letter from the ”pro-Israel” Foreign Policy Initiative aimed at sinking negotiations.

-

Former UN ambassador John Bolton, a vocal advocate of unilateral U.S. military intervention, continues to call for U.S. strikes on Iran to halt the country's nuclear enrichment program. And although Bolton himself has said he wouldn't vote to authorization U.S. strikes on Syria, he has nonetheless criticized the Obama administration for failing to launch them. Bolton is also increasingly active in the political arena, recently launching an eponymous super PAC and hinting that he is considering a run for president in 2016 to fight back against the increasing libertarian influence on GOP foreign policy.

-

Bonazzi is the executive director of the neoconservative-aligned European Foundation for Democracy, based in Brussels.

-

Max Boot is a vocal proponent of U.S. military intervention abroad based at the Council on Foreign Relations.

-

Bork, a project director at the Foreign Policy Initiative and the daughter of former Supreme Court justice nominee Robert Bork, has used her perch at FPI to continue the time-honored neoconservative tactic of organizing elite public sign-on letters to pressure public figures.

-

Robert Bork, a one-time Supreme Court nominee and important right-wing icon, passed away in December 2012. A staunch constitutional “originalist” and longtime opponent of judicial action to expand civil rights or curtail executive power, Bork served as a chief legal adviser to Mitt Romney’s 2012 presidential campaign. During Bork’s Supreme Court confirmation battle, the late Sen. Ted Kennedy famously warned of “Robert Bork’s America,” a land “in which women would be forced into back-alley abortions” and “blacks would sit at segregated lunch counters,” among other evils.

-

The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation (“the Bradley Foundation”) has been called "the country's largest and most influential right-wing organization" because of the volume...

-

-

Best known for his role as head of occupation authorities after the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, Bremer is a former career diplomat who has promoted hawkish U.S. military agendas as well as security contractors.

-

Elliott Broidy is an Israeli-American investor and philanthropist who has been active on the boards and advisory councils of various philanthropic organizations and right-wing pressure groups, including the Republican Jewish Coalition. In early 2013, Broidy helped found the Bipartisan Coalition for American Security, an advocacy group co-chaired by former Sen. Joe Lieberman that promotes a robust U.S. military budget, corporate-friendly free-trade policies, and a hawkish U.S. posture toward Iran and other purported threats to the United States. In 2009, Broidy pled guilty to bribing New York State pension officials in an effort to secure a $250-million contract for his former company, Markstone Capital.

-

New York Times columnist David Brooks is known for his at times moderate views on social issues. On foreign policy, however, Brooks has steadily embraced hawkish ”pro-Israel” views; unapologetically supported the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya; and agitated for U.S. intervention in Syria. Recently, Brooks stoked controversy by endorsing the military coup that toppled Egypt’s democratically elected Muslim Brotherhood government, arguing that Egyptians “lack even the basic mental ingredients” for democracy. Quipped one critic, “You were hoping for informed, nuanced commentary on the politics of a Middle Eastern society? David Brooks lacks the mental equipment.”

-

Linton Brooks, an experienced arms control negotiator and proponent of controversial strategic weapons programs, served as director of the Energy Department's National Nuclear Security...

-

A right-wing Christian and governor of Kansas, Brownback previously served in the U.S. Senate, where he gained a reputation as a leading social conservative as well as an outspoken “pro-Israel” hawk on U.S. Middle East policy.

-

The late Mark Broxmeyer, an erstwhile Long Island real estate mogul, was a major fundraiser for the neoconservative Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, along with a host of Republican Party initiatives.

-

Following her acrimonious departure from JINSA, “pro-Israel” hawk Shoshana Bryen will carry on her advocacy efforts at the conservative Jewish Policy Center.

-

Stephen Bryen has played an important role forging connections between right-wing advocacy groups, conservative policy elites, weapons contractors, and the U.S. “pro-Israel” lobby.

-

<p>A State Department official during the George W. Bush administration, Christopher Burnham now advises the Mitt Romney campaign.</p>

-

Defying warnings of “Bush fatigue,” GOP donors are courting Jeb Bush to run for president in 2016--with the Washington Post quoting a GOP bundler that the “‘vast majority’ of Romney’s top 100 donors would back Bush in a competitive nomination fight.” Hinting at his own interest, Bush recently met with GOP super-donor Sheldon Adelson at a gathering of the Republican Jewish Coalition, where Bush reportedly blasted “American passivity” under President Obama and cautioned against "neo-isolationsim."

-

Herman Cain, a former GOP presidential nomination, has expressed a number of hawkish foreign policy positions, even if he tends to be rather hazy on the details.

-

Appointed by the George W. Bush administration as the Pentagon’s first-ever undersecretary of defense for intelligence—the “defense intelligence czar”—Stephen Cambone was closely involved in Pentagon efforts to loosen interrogation guidelines for “war on terror” detainees, which entangled him in the Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal. Now a fellow at Villanova University, Cambone raised eyebrows during last year’s Aspen Security Forum when he described the decision to go to war in Iraq as “one of the great strategic decisions of the first half of the 21st century.”

-

One blogger coined the term “going the full Cantor” to denote one-sided and disproportional support for Israel in honor of Republican House Majority Leader Eric Cantor.

-

President Reagan’s Pentagon chief and an alleged conspirator in the assassination of former DRC Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba, Frank Carlucci now serves as an attack dog for Mitt Romney’s presidential campaign.

-

The conservative Democrat from Pennsylvania who served two terms in Congress now works for the same defense contractor—BAE Systems—that he assisted in gaining Pentagon contracts while in office.

-

Castle Rock Foundation . The Castle Rock Foundation (CRF), a major supporter of the Heritage Foundation and other rightist institutions and causes, is an outgrowth of the Adolph Coors Foundation,...

-

A technocratic “liberal hawk” think thank that has been a key source of counterinsurgency strategizing for the Obama administration, the Center for a New American Security is staffed with a host counterinsurgency enthusiasts, some of whom have supported neoconservative-led policy campaigns. As one writer notes, CNAS made its name not by denouncing misguided U.S. wars in the Middle East, but by making “recommendations for how to wage the wars more effectively.” A recent CNAS report on Iraq highlights this tendency. In noting that the Iraq War “left over 100,000 Iraqis dead, enabled the resurgence of Iran, and tarnished the reputation of U.S. democracy promotion,” the report did not warn against such interventions; rather, it argued that U.S. policymakers should “internalize these lessons … when intervening elsewhere in the future.”

-

The Center for American Freedom, a neoconservative advocacy group, publishes the Washington Free Beacon, a “combat journalism” outlet designed to counter the supposedly liberal media elite.

-

Since the 2013 election of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, the Center for Security Policy has relentlessly protested any signs of diplomatic rapprochement between Tehran and Washington. “By simply meeting with Mr. Rouhani, let alone by making other, more tangible concessions to Iran’s president, Mr. Obama would confer a legitimacy on the self-professed Iranian con man that is unwarranted,” wrote CSP President Frank Gaffney in September 2013, insisting that Rouhani was less moderate than he appeared to be. Arguing that only the threat of military force could resolve the standoff, Gaffney concluded that Obama “should be open to congressional enactment of an authorization for the use of military force in Iran,” even if such a resolution would wreck negotiations.

-

A favorite of the neocon crowd, Chalabi has recently been accused of unjustly marginalizing political opponents in Iraq while at the same time courting Iran.

-

The former secretary of labor has returned to the Heritage Foundation, where she worked before being tapped by George W. Bush in 2001...

-

Although perhaps best known for her anti-labor views, conservative activist (and former Labor Secretary nominee) Linda Chavez has a long track record of backing neoconservative causes.

-

Former Vice President Dick Cheney, arguably one of the leading voices advocating U.S. military intervention overseas and the use of torture, has been a vocal critic of many of the Obama administration’s national security policies. He recently attacked the president for nominating “second-rate” appointees like John Kerry, Chuck Hagel, and John Brennan. Cheney did, however, have kind words for the Obama administration’s targeted assassination program, which he called “a good policy” that should not require legislative checks and balances.

-

Liz Cheney, the daughter of former Vice President Dick Cheney and an avid foreign policy hawk in her own right, has finally abandoned her disastrous Republican primary challenge to Wyoming Sen. Mike Enzi. After months of suffering self-inflicted wounds over a fraudulent fishing license application, a high-profile dustup with her lesbian sister over gay marriage, and confusion over her position on Syria, Cheney announced in January 2014 that she was dropping her bid because of family health issues. One poll from November 2013 had Cheney trailing Enzi by over 50 points.

-

Lynne Cheney, the wife of former Vice President Dick Cheney, has been a high-profile supporter of rightist causes for decades, including from her current perch as senior fellow at the American...

-

<p>Romney adviser Michael Chertoff, a former secretary of homeland security, has aggressively defended the Bush administration’s prosecution of the “war on terror,” including its controversial detention of Arab and Muslim immigrants who were never charged with any crimes.</p>

-

Created in early 2006 by Christian Right leader John Hagee, the influential evangelical pastor of the Cornerstone Church in San Antonio, Texas, Christians United for Israel (CUFI) is a Christian...

-

A bastion of conservative scholarship and advocacy, the Claremont Institute hosts a number of programs that push hawkish foreign policies.

-

A controversial activist group closely connected to anti-Islamic political factions, the Clarion Project has released films and publications that attack “Radical Islam” and call into question the trustworthiness of Muslims in general. Previously known as the Clarion Fund, the neoconservative-linked group has been responsible for anti-Islamic films like Obsession and pro-war projects like Iranium. It now claims to be working on a film about "the cruel and often violent oppression of Muslim women."

-

Patrick Clawson is director of research at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, a spin- off of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee. A longtime advocate of sabotaging Iran’s alleged nuclear weapons program, Clawson recently raised eyebrows by obliquely suggesting that the United States fabricate a “Gulf of Tonkin” incident to justify a U.S. war with Iran. “If in fact the Iranians aren’t going to compromise,” Clawson told guests at a September WINEP presentation, “it would be best if somebody else started the war.”

-

Founded by AIPAC heavyweight Morris Amitay, the Coalition for Democracy in Iran is a defunct pressure group that helped push anti-Iran resolutions through Congress.

-

Eliot Cohen, the unrelenting foreign policy hawk based at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, drew criticism in September 2013 for suggesting that most Americans had no right to be weary of the country's long-running wars. Quipping that they could simply "change the channel" if they didn't like what they saw, Cohen wrote that "for the great mass of the American public, for their leaders and the elites who shape public opinion, 'war-weariness' is unearned cant, unworthy of a serious nation and dangerous in a violent world." Mother Jones blogger Kevin Drum described the tirade as "one of the most offensive columns I've read in a long time" and nominated Cohen for an "Asshole of the Year" award.

-

Former Sen. Norm Coleman (R-MN), a board member of the Republican Jewish Coalition, has advocated bypassing the United Nations and arming the Syrian opposition.

-

The Committee for the Liberation of Iraq (CLI) was a short-lived yet influential group of hawkish Beltway think-tankers and politicians who came together at the behest of the George W. Bush...

-

The Committee on the Present Danger is a neoconservative Cold War-era pressure group that was re-launched in 2004 to focus on the “war on terror.” Although the group has been largely dormant in recent years, its website continues to plug fear-mongering media stories and op-eds targeting Iran.

-

Concerned Women for America  (CWA), a Christian Right advocacy group founded to combat the influence of “anti-God” feminists, recently made “support for Israel” one of its core issues. As part of its newfound mission, the group lobbied in support of the Kirk-Menendez “insurance policy” sanctions on Iran, which critics said were designed to scuttle the ongoing negotiations over Iran’s nuclear enrichment program. The group has also drawn controversy in recent years for supporting anti-gay legislation in Russia and for publishing a host of anti-Islamic statements.

-

The former director of the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative and a key right-wing opponent of Obama administration arms control initiatives, Cooper was recently given the “Ronald Reagan Missile Defense Award” by the Department of Defense’s Strategic Defense Initiative.

-

The Council for a Community of Democracies, a U.S-based NGO dedicated to advancing the positions of the intergovernmental organization Community of Democracies, touts U.S. exceptionalism while urging international cooperation in toppling undemocratic regimes.

-

Members of the Reagan-era Council for National Policy continue to help shape the U.S. political landscape even as the right-wing group maintains a cloak of secrecy over its activities and membership rolls.

-

Cowan, a Fox News contributor and former military intelligence officer, is a member of the military committee of the Iran Policy Committee.

-

Christopher Cox served as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the second term of the George W. Bush administration; prior to that, he represented California in the House of...

-

Cropsey is a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, where he writes screeds accusing President Obama of “appeasing” America’s enemies and attacking his efforts at rapprochement with the Muslim world.

-

J.D. Crouch II is a former deputy national security adviser and assistant to President George W. Bush who helped develop the “troop surge” in Iraq. One of the staunchest foreign policy hawks in the Bush administration, Crouch resigned from the government in 2007, first taking a fellowship with the National Institute for Public Policy—a think tank closely linked to military contractors—and then heading up a military contractor firm himself. He was recently named CEO of QinetiQ North America, the Virginia-based arm of the UK-based defense firm QinetiQ.

-

Sen. Ted Cruz, the purported Tea Party libertarian, appears to have a taste for U.S. confrontation abroad. Case in point is his instance that the United States adopt new sanctions on Iran that would likely scuttle efforts to come to a lasting agreement on that country’s nuclear energy program, and thus potentially lead to direct conflict with Iran. Cruz lambasted President Obama for insisting in his state of the union address that he would veto any additional sanctions on Iran while negotiations are ongoing. Cruz argued that the veto threat “was perhaps the most dangerous line” in the president’s address, adding that “If Iran acquires a nuclear weapon, the risk is unacceptable that that weapon will be detonated over the skies of Tel Aviv or New York or Los Angeles. And the result could be hundreds of thousands of lives lost.”

-

Last month, conservative writer Dinesh D'Souza was indicted for allegedly making illegal campaign contributions to a Republican Senate campaign. It was the latest episode in an extended rough patch for the conspiratorial conservative writer. In October 2012, following allegations of martial infidelities and poor job performance, D'Souza was fired from his post as president of the evangelical King's College. Although D'Souza promoted his work extensively from his perch at King's, his college post had failed to give academic credence to his 2012 film 2016: Obama's America, a political documentary that proved a huge hit among right-wing activists but failed to impress even many conservative-leaning commentators.

-

<p>John Danilovich, a foreign policy adviser to Mitt Romney, has worked to use U.S. foreign aid to push countries to make reforms that reflect “American values.”</p>

-

Jaime Daremblum, a former Costa Rican ambassador to the United States who now works at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, is a vocal proponent of conspiracy theories concerning an alleged Iranian plot to attack the United States in alliance with left-leaning governments in South America. He has been especially alarmist about Venezuela, whose democratically elected government he has described as a "virtual dictatorship," as well as Argentina, whose government he has accused of cooperating with an Iranian coverup of the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires.

-

Midge Decter, a controversial writer and activist who is a member of the influential neoconservative Podhoretz family, is known for her diatribes against feminism and gay rights as well her hawkish foreign policy views. Decter has been active in the putatively interreligious but mostly Christian “theocon” community for decades, recently taking over as interim executive editor of First Things, a flagship theocon publication.

-

When its tax-exempt status got in the way of aggressive lobbying, the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies created a new organization called Defense of Democracies, whose first project was a controversial ad campaign that raised concerns about partisanship.

-

The Democratic Leadership Council, which closed shop in 2011, was at the forefront of efforts to push the Democratic Party to adopt more conservative domestic policies and remain supportive of hawkish, Israel-centric Mideast policies.

-

Christopher DeMuth served as president of the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), a key intellectual recruiting ground for the George W. Bush presidency and a preeminent think tank of...

-

Israel's newest ambassador to the United States is Ron Dermer, a U.S.-born political consultant and close confidante of Benjamin Netanyahu who has been described as "Bibi's brain." A former pollster who worked on Newt Gingrich's "Contract with America," Dermer boasts extensive connections within the Republican Party establishment, reportedly coordinating Mitt Romney's 2012 campaign visit to Israel and serving as a liaison to GOP super-donor Sheldon Adelson. Dermer, who as a columnist for the Jerusalem Post repeatedly disparaged Palestinians and the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, is also the coauthor of the 2004 book The Case for Democracy, a neoconservative tome that is said to have been deeply influential to President George W. Bush's "freedom agenda."

-

A neoconservative media consultant and former AIPAC spokesperson, Toby Dershowitz is vice president of the Likud-linked Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

-

About . The Deterrence Concepts Advisory Panel (DCAP) was established by the Bush administration to oversee production of the president's Nuclear Posture Review, which is a classified study...

-

Since Jackson Diehl took over as the Washington Post’s deputy editorial page editor in 2001, the newspaper’s editorial slant has become increasingly hawkish and conservative. Among Diehl’s favorite targets have been the Middle East and populist leaders in Latin America. On the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Iraq War, for example, Diehl penned a column calling for U.S. intervention in Syria. That same month, he excoriated “the leftist populist rulers of Venezuela, Ecuador and Nicaragua” for “gutting democratic institutions in their countries” and seeking “to punish the Inter-American Commission for calling attention to their offenses.”

-

Thomas Dine, former director of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, has supported both moderate and hawkish Mideast policy campaigns.

-

Dobriansky, a Bush administration undersecretary of state and supporter of the Project for a New American Century’s militarist advocacy campaigns, is a fellow at Harvard’s Belfer Center and adviser to the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

-

A major figure in U.S. organized labor, Donahue was an ardent anti-communist during the Cold War.

-

Thomas Donnelly, a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and long-time participant in neoconservative-led advocacy campaigns, thinks that U.S. military power and interventionism are the only guarantors of global stability. An advocate of "fomenting an Afghanistan-style insurgency" in Iran, Donnelly has accused the Obama administration of "moral failure" and "willful negligence" for its reluctance to intervene militarily in Syria's civil war.

-

Michael Doran is a Brookings Institution scholar and a former member of the George W. Bush National Security Council. Although he has at times criticized prevailing neoconservative notions on the Middle East—particularly on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and on al-Qaeda’s grievances against the United States—Doran has been broadly supportive of the neoconservative regime change agenda, including in Iraq, Iran, and Syria. In a recent New York Times op-ed co-written with Max Boot, Doran argued that the United States should promptly intervene in Syria’s civil war and provide assistance to anti-Assad rebel forces.

-

Mark Dubowitz is a widely quoted advocate for U.S. sanctions on Iran. As the executive director of the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies, Dubowitz has opposed loosening U.S. sanctions as nuclear negotiations with Iran proceed. Insisting—contrary to the assessment of the U.S. intelligence community—that Iran is developing a nuclear weapon, Dubowitz has opposed any nuclear agreement that would allow Iran to enrich uranium on its oil soil even for peaceful purposes, a sovereign right Tehran claims under the Nonproliferation Treaty. Dubowitz has also promoted military intervention in Syria's civil war, calling it "an enormous opportunity to strike a blow" at Iran and musing that widespread sectarian violence in Syria "is not necessarily a bad thing."

-

The Ann Arbor-based Earhart Foundation, perhaps best known for its support of several Nobel-winning economists, is arguably one of the least understood foundations in U.S. philanthropy. It appears to...

-

Nicholas Eberstadt, a conservative political economist and demographer based at the American Enterprise Institute, has predicted the imminent collapse of the North Korean regime since at least 1990. And when his predictions fail, he advocates regime change. Following the execution of the high-ranking North Korean official Jang Song Thaek at the order of new leader Kim Jong Eun, Eberstadt warned that it was “incalculably dangerous to have a decider prone to miscalculations running the show” in Pyongyang. Eberstadt is also well known for calling the United States “a nation of takers” and lamenting the decline of religiosity among younger Americans.

-

A longtime defense industry executive, Stanley Ebner has also supported the hawkish Center for Security Policy.

-

Eric Edelman, undersecretary for defense in the George W. Bush administration and a board member of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative, has long been associated with hawkish factions in U.S. politics, advising the likes of Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, and Mitt Romney.

-

Edward “Pete” Aldridge, a former defense industry executive and government adviser on arms control issues, embodied the “revolving door” between the Pentagon and the defense industry during the Bush administration, approving and counseling Pentagon acquisitions that benefited the corporations he worked for.

-

Rachel Ehrenfeld is a controversial writer who claims that drug traffickers, leftist regimes, and Islamic terrorists are collaborating in Latin America to finance operations to undermine the United States. Although her research has resulted in libel lawsuits, Ehrenfeld continues to make controversial—even bizarre—claims, including that "jihadists," "Mexican gangs," or "other illegals" may have been responsible for setting wildfires plaguing the state of Colorado.

-

The William Kristol-chaired Emergency Committee for Israel wants new sanctions on Iran now, and is angry that some members of the “pro-Israel” crowd, including AIPAC, appear to be waffling in the face of strong Democratic opposition in the Senate. In a recent press release calling for an immediate vote on the new sanctions bill, Kristol wrote: “It would be nice if there were universal bipartisan support for acting now to stop a nuclear Iran. But there apparently is not. And it would be terrible if history's judgment on the pro-Israel community was that it made a fetish of bipartisanship—and got a nuclear Iran.”

-

Despite his history of making questionable claims, self-proclaimed terrorism “expert” Steve Emerson has made a lucrative career warning about terrorist threats and condemning Islamists.

-

Despite many challenges to its credibility, the work of this Congressional commission continues be cited by hardliners to revive Cold War-era fears of nuclear annihilation and justify aggressive policies toward Iran and North Korea.

-

The now-defunct Empower America, a right-wing pressure group founded by former Education Secretary William Bennett in 1993, was the predecessor to the Tea Party-aligned FreedomWorks.

-

An “unabashedly pro-Israel and pro-American think tank,” EMET promotes the work of “pro-Israel” hawks in Washington, stokes fear of Islam and Muslims, and advocates a militarist U.S. posture toward the Middle East.

-

Former weapons contractor executive Gordon England, Paul Wolfowitz’s replacement at the Pentagon in the second George W. Bush administration, has spent his years out of government stumping for costly weapons systems.

-

The post-Senate perch of Rick Santorum, EPPC sits at the crossroads of faith-based politics and hawkish neoconservativism.

-

The idiosyncratic social theorist and founder of the Communitarian Network thinks the United States should bomb Iran and “unshackle” the troops in Afghanistan.

-

Under a banner of tolerance and diversity, EFD works to promote hawkish security policies in Europe, the Middle East, and beyond.

-

Michael D. Evans is a prominent Christian evangelical author whose works promote a hardline Christian Zionist1 view of Middle East peace issues in which defending Israel is seen as a Christian duty...

-

Mark Falcoff, long an avid backer of U.S. intervention in Latin America, thinks Venezuela is headed for civil war if President Hugo Chavez dies.

-

Affiliated with Frank Gaffney’s Center for Security Policy, Family Security Matters offers hawkish, anti-Islamic rhetoric under the guise of “empowering” Americans and protecting families.

-

The Federalist Society, initially designed as a conservative alternative to the National Lawyers Guild, has blossomed into a powerful and influential group whose agenda includes promoting hardline anti-terror policies.

-

A former Pentagon official whose office generated faulty information that was used to push the United States toward war with Iraq, Feith is now at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, where he advocates hawkish strategic weapons policies.

-

The Heritage Foundation president thinks that the Obama administration is losing it s way in what he terms “the long war against extremists.”

-

Described by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), where she served on the board, as “a prominent Republican Party activist,” Finley worked for many years as a Washington,...

-

A former CIA officer who now works as an editor for a right-wing news group, Fleitz argues that diplomacy on Iran is no longer an option, worries that Syria might transfer nuclear weapons-related material to terrorists, and appears none too happy about Right Web’s efforts to publicize his advocacy of militarist foreign policies or his alleged role in the “PlameGate” affair.

-

Michele Flournoy is a former undersecretary of defense for policy in the Obama administration who co-founded the “liberal hawk” Center for a New American Security.

-

In early 2013, Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL), a likely 2016 GOP presidential candidate, hired Jamie Fly, head of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative and a vocal proponent of bombing Iran, to be his “counselor for foreign and national security affairs.” The appointment prompted one blogger to write: “Despite the neoconservative movement’s ideas being thoroughly out of the mainstream, the neocons remain with us, shaping the U.S. foreign policy debate.”

-

A retired U.S. Air Force general and defense industry executive, Fogleman has been a long time government adviser on defense and security policy and served on the “Military Advisory Council” of Mitt Romney’s 2012 election campaign.

-

Malcolm Stevenson “Steve” Forbes Jr., head of the Forbes magazine empire, is an active supporter of a number of militarist policy organizations that have pushed for an expansive...

-

In the run-up to the Iraq War, the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) sought to drum up support across ideological lines for an aggressive U.S. campaign to reshape the Middle East by force. Though PNAC is now defunct, the Foreign Policy Initiative has taken up its mantle, releasing open letters—signed by many of the same neoconservatives and liberal hawks who clamored for the Iraq War—calling on the Obama administration to maintain a bloated military budget and to intervene militarily in various hotspots around the world. Most recently, the group called on Obama to launch "direct air strikes" against Syria and to arm Syrian rebels with the goal of changing another regime in the Middle East.

-

The Foreign Policy Research Institute is a conservative foreign policy think tank based in Philadelphia. Although many of its current scholars are realist skeptics of neoconservative interventionism, the institute has supported the work of a number of prominent hawks over the year, including Daniel Pipes, founder of the Middle East Forum. Several FPRI figures have advocated "standing aside" in Syria "so that some hateful, armed and dangerous people can get killed" and celebrated the military coup that brought down Egypt's elected Muslim Brotherhood government, which one FPRI writer claimed was "directly influenced by the Nazis."

-

The Forgotten American Coalition was a short-lived letterhead group founded in 2007 to rally religious conservatives against U.S. withdrawal from Iraq.

-

Forstmann, a high-powered business executive who is considered a pioneer of modern corporate buyouts, has supported the work of various neoconservative groups.

-

Randall Fort, a former corporate officer with Goldman Sachs and program director at TRW's space and defense groups, served as assistant secretary for intelligence and research in the State...

-

About The so-called Foster Panel--after its head, John S. Foster, Jr.--was established at the urging of Sen. Jon Kyl by the fiscal year 1999 Defense Authorization Act to report on the safety and...

-

John Foster, Jr., a nuclear physicist who has worked in the U.S. nuclear weapons complex since the early atomic era, is a longtime proponent of a robust U.S. nuclear arsenal and has been a participant in several militarist advocacy campaigns.

-

The Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) is a leading neoconservative think tank and advocacy group. Although FDD presents itself as “bipartisan,” its leadership is overwhelmingly Republican, and in the past a political pressure group tied to FDD has targeted Democratic members of Congress. More recently, leaked documents have revealed that FDD’s funders come from a very small pool of Republican donors, including Home Depot founder Bernard Marcus, hedge fund billionaire Paul Singer, and casino magnate Sheldon Adelson, all of whom have donated liberally to right-wing causes.

-

The Foundation for Democracy in Iran, whose president has alleged that Iran was involved in the 9/11 attacks, frequently attackes Iranian-Americans who don’t share its hawkish views about the Islamic Republic.

-

Hillel Fradkin directs the Center for Islam, Democracy, and the Future of the Muslim World at the neoconservative Hudson Institute. Together with frequent collaborator Lewis "Scooter" Libby—Hudson's vice president and a former aide to VP Dick Cheney who was convicted as part of the PlameGate affair—Fradkin has written scores of commentaries in recent years calling on the United States to "support its friends and punish its enemies" in the Middle East. According to Fradkin, that means intervening in Syria's civil war, imposing "tougher measures" on Iran, and revisiting U.S. relations with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, whom Fradkin calls a "neo-Ottoman" ruler intent on restoring a "Sunni caliphate.”

-

Although no longer as closely associated with neoconservative activism as it was during much of the last few decades, Freedom House continues to support campaigns aligned with hawkish factions in U.S. politics.

-

Freedom Watch, a pressure group led by right-wing activist Larry Klayman, promotes a hodgepodge of conservative foreign and domestic polices, claiming to be “the only political advocacy group that speaks through actions, rather than just words.”

-

Freedom’s Watch, a now-defunct pro-Iraq War advocacy group from the latter days of the Bush administration, had a budget of some $56 million for the two years it was active. Declaring itself a tax-exempt “social welfare” organization, the group and its funders attracted the scrutiny of the IRS, which conducted an audit of its political activities in 2010, followed by an audit of its top funders in 2011. Conservative critics were quick to link the IRS’ actions to its contemporaneous scrutiny of Tea Party-linked organizations, but tax experts say the IRS acted within the law.

-

The influential Tea Party group FreedomWorks has made lots of headlines in 2013 for its internal rivalries and organizational shakeups. But the group has continued to exercise influence in the GOP, helping to push Republican members of Congress to shut down the federal government over the implementation of "Obamacare" and rallying its members against U.S. intervention in Syria. With FreedomWorks and other Tea Party groups rallying against an attack, even veteran neocons like Liz Cheney, a Republican Senate candidate in Wyoming and outspoken hawk cut from the same cloth as her father, have been compelled to walk back their past advocacy for war in pursuit of Tea Party votes.

-

Following a brief stint as Dick Cheney’s deputy national security advisor, Friedberg returned to Princeton, where he specializes in East Asian security issues.

-

David Frum, a former speechwriter for George W. Bush credited with coining the phrase “axis of evil,” is a Daily Beast writer who has grown increasingly disenchanted with the Republican Party. Complaining about the “tea party extremism” that has “contaminate[d] the whole Republican brand,” Frum often takes more moderate positions than his confederates on a host of issues, from health reform to gun control. Frum has also distanced himself from his past “war on terror” enthusiasm, admitting that “the damned fools” who opposed the Iraq war were right to have been skeptical, and subsequently opposing a U.S. strike on Syria. On some issues, however, Frum has remained a reliable “pro-Israel” hawk, crediting harsh sanctions with bringing the Iranian regime to the negotiating table and opposing the nomination of Chuck Hagel for Secretary of Defense over critical remarks Hagel had made about the influence of the so-called Israel lobby.

-

Francis Fukuyama, the political scientist who once predicted that "Western liberal democracy" was "the final form of human government," now thinks American democracy is in decay. "At a time of sharp political polarization," he wrote in late 2013, America's "decentralized system is less and less able to represent majority interests, but gives excessive representation to the views of interest groups and activist organizations that collectively do not add up to a sovereign American people." Fukuyama is also well known for becoming a staunch critic of the neoconservative movement after becoming disillusioned with the Iraq War, which he at one time avidly supported.

-

Brigitte Gabriel has made a post-9/11 career out of roundly denouncing Islam, decrying "political correctness," and promoting the concept of an existential clash of cultures. She founded...

-

Devon Gaffney Cross, a longstanding neoconservative activist, has reemerged as a supporter of Texas Governor Rick Perry’s presidential campaign and member of the heavily criticized advocacy group Secure America Now.

-

Frank Gaffney, director of the hardline neoconservative Center for Security Policy, is helping lead the neoconservative charge against any diplomatic rapprochement between Tehran and Washington, calling the recently elected moderate Iranian President Hassan Rouhani an “Iranian con man” upon whom President Obama would confer “unwarranted legitimacy” simply by meeting with him. Gaffney has argued that only the threat of military force can resolve the standoff with Iran and that Obama “should be open to congressional enactment of an authorization for the use of military force in Iran,” even if such a resolution would wreck negotiations.

-

Garner, the erstwhile “mayor of Baghdad,” has capitalized on his experiences in Iraq to pursue oil deals in Kurdish areas of the country.

-

The Gatestone Institute is a New York-based advocacy organization that is tied to neoconservative and other right-wing networks in the United States and Europe. The brainchild of Sears-Roebuck heiress Nina Rosenwald, Gatestone has played host to far-right anti-Islamic ideologues like Geert Wilders and produced a slew of commentaries railing against the purported influence of Sharia law in Europe and North America, the alleged nuclear ambitions of Iran, and the supposed malfeasances of Palestinians.

-

Jeffrey Gedmin, an early supporter of the Bush administration’s neoconservative agenda, has focused in recent years on soft-power tactics, including “surrogate broadcasting” and free-trade agreements.

-

The acerbic anti-Islamic activist Pamela Geller thinks that President Obama is attempting to restore “the universal caliphate” and shares VP candidate Paul Ryan’s attraction to the novelist Ayn Rand, who once argued that “Arabs are one of the least developed cultures.”

-

Robert P. George is a conservative Catholic writer and activist who has been called his generation's Richard John Neuhaus for his efforts to unite conservative Catholics and evangelicals into a cohesive political movement. George is well known for his arguments that "natural law" prohibits abortion and same-sex marriage, as well as for arguing that just war theory made the Iraq War not only permissible but "required." Although he has accused the Obama administration of waging a "massive assault on religious liberty," he recently accepted the chairmanship of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom.

-

The Cold War reputation of the National Endowment for Democracy continues to haunt its longtime president, Carl Gershman. Examining Moscow’s allegations of western interference in Ukraine’s ongoing civil crisis, for example, some observers pointed to a 2013 Washington Post op-ed Gershman had written calling Ukraine the "biggest prize" in a struggle between NATO and Russia for influence in Eastern Europe. "Assuming Putin is paranoid, this doesn't mean that no one is after him, or after his regime," wrote one critic. "I reckon the Russian embassy in Washington, a couple of months before the Ukraine crisis began, had sent Putin the following quote from an article by Carl Gershman, President of the National Endowment for Democracy: 'Ukraine is the biggest prize, and there Russia's bullying has been particularly counter-productive. … Ukraine's choice to join Europe will accelerate the demise of the ideology of Russian imperialism that Putin represents.’”

-

Mark Gerson is the executive chairman of the Gerson Lehrman Group, a high-profile Wall Street consultancy. Gerson is also a former director of the Project for the New American Century and the author of a fawning 1996 book about neoconservatism. Though long associated with Republican politics, Gerson has also emerged as a significant financial backer of Democratic Senator-elect Cory Booker, the mayor of Newark who has close ties to Wall Street.

-

A conservative syndicated columnist who writes regularly for the Washington Post, Gerson’s track record includes coining the phrase “axis of evil” and developing the Bush administration’s messaging on the Iraq War.

-

Farid Ghadry, a Syrian-American defense contractor and activist with close ties to neoconservatives in the United States, is the founder of the Reform Party of Syria, a Washington-based regime-change lobby whose efforts have led some observers to dub Ghadry the Syrian Ahmed Chalabi. While lambasting the “weakness” of the Obama administration in helping the Syrian people overthrow the Assad regime, Ghadry also worries about the alleged assistance provided by Islamists like the “men of evil ruling Qatar” to the Muslim Brotherhood, who Ghadry contends are trying to seize control of the opposition.

-

Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich—a vocal proponent of the idea that the United States faces an existential threat from “Islamofascists” —surprised many observers recently when he suggested that he "should have known better" about supporting the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, categorically ruled out supporting U.S. intervention in Syria, and praised Tea Party favorites Sens. Rand Paul and Ted Cruz for "raising the right questions" about U.S. foreign policy. Has the one-time neoconservative fellow traveler turned neo-isolationist?

-

Lauded as “America’s Mayor” for his perceived public leadership in the aftermath of 9/11, Rudy Giuliani has used the terrorist attacks as a basis for his hawkish foreign policy views, like threatening to “bomb the hell out of” Iran.

-

Conservative journalist and diplomat best known for his prediction, made just before the stock market dropped, that the Dow Jones was on the verge of a tremendous upsurge, James Glassman is a former American Enterprise Institute fellow who hosts the TV show Ideas in Action and directs the George W. Bush Institute.

-

An editor for the right-wing Jerusalem Post and fellow at the neocon Center for Security Policy, Glick has recently gotten into the parody business, producing a video that makes light of the people killed during the Israeli raid on the Palestinian peace flotilla.

-

Global Governance Watch (GGW) is a joint initiative of two influential rightist groups, the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and the Federalist Society. GGW was founded in 2008 with the mission...

-

Jeffrey Goldberg, the well known writer whose track record includes serving in the Israeli military and accusing some respected critics of the U.S.-Israeli relationship of anti-Semitism, has been one of President Obama’s more hawkish defenders, praising the president for “crippling the Iranian economy” and for being “no pacifist when it comes to targeting Muslims he believes pose a danger to the U.S.” On the other hand, Goldberg has criticized Obama’s advisers for “undermining” the president by “analyz[ing] publicly the dangers of a military confrontation,” claiming that such cautionary notes encourage Iranian leaders to “breathe a sigh of relief, and make the calculations that Obama is bluffing on military action.”

-

Michael Goldfarb is a neoconservative pundit, activist, and consultant who has proven adept at funneling anonymous Republican donations into high-profile advocacy efforts. Sensationalistic reports published by the Washington Free Beacon—a conservative blog of Goldfarb's Center for American Freedom—have cemented his reputation as a self-styled provocateur with little regard for the facts.

-

Gompert, a former vice president of the RAND Corporation known for his hawkish views on defense, served briefly as President Barack Obama’s acting director of national intelligence before becoming a director at Pentagon contractor Global Integrated Security.

-

J.D. Gordon, a former Navy spokesperson and Pentagon PR officer, is a right-wing beltway lobbyist who served as foreign policy adviser to the Herman Cain campaign.

-

Daniel Gouré, a close associate of a number of George W. Bush administration hardline foreign policy figures and frequent commentator on defense issues, is vice president of the Lexington...

-

Grace Park Media has produced a number of rightist TV shows and documentaries, including a documentary on the history of neoconservatism written by a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and James Glassman’s Ideas in Action.

-

Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC), a strident foreign policy hawk who has pushed for deeper U.S. military engagement in the Middle East, has repeatedly warned that the world is on the edge of annihilation. After listening to President Barack Obama’s statement’s on Iran policy during his state of the union address, Graham told reporters that he completely disagrees with the president’s vision, saying: “The world is literally about to blow up.” Earlier, in 2013, he took issue with Obama’s stated desire to end the “war on terror,” arguing that the “Middle East is going to blow up.”

-

Former EMP Commission chairman William R. Graham, who has served as a corporate executive for a passel of defense contractors, recently joined a number of right-wing hawks—including Frank Gaffney, John Bolton, and Douglas Feith—in signing an open letter to President Obama calling on the administration to modernize the U.S. nuclear weapons arsenal. The letter signatories, who were convened by the hard-right Center for Security Policy, accused North Korea of conspiring with Iran to spread nuclear technology to U.S. adversaries, among other questionable claims. Graham has also accused Iran of plotting an "electromagnetic pulse" (EMP) attack that could purportedly kill the vast majority of Americans.

-

Chris Griffin, the executive director the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative, has also worked as a legislative director for Sen. Joe Lieberman and as a research fellow at the American Enterprise Institute research.

-

Many conservative activists cried foul after the 2010 discovery of JournoList, a listserv where well-known moderate-to-progressive reporters and wonks discussed politics and current events. But now Mother Jones has reported the existence of Groundswell, which one observer describes as "a B-list of extreme foreign policy hawks, social conservatives, anti-immigration activists, and voter ID proponents" dedicated to sharpening right-wing talking points across a variety of issues—in other words, "a weird parody of … what [conservatives] imagined JournoList to be." Participants in the group include the spouse of a Supreme Court Justice, at least two former members of Congress, and a staffer to Sen. Ted Cruz, as well as outspoken foreign policy hawks like John Bolton and Frank Gaffney.

-

Stephen Hadley's tendency to play loose with the facts while a top official in Bush’s National Security Council has not stymied his professional career. In January 2014, the United States Institute for Peace named Hadley chairman of its board of directors. He is also a principal at the “international strategic consultancy firm” Hadley Rice Gates LLC, whose other executives include former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates. A frequent commentator on U.S. foreign policy, Hadley recently addressed the issue of Iran’s nuclear program. Despite his role in promoting the Iraq war, Hadley said that he was optimistic about the chances of concluding a comprehensive final agreement with Iran, even claiming that Israel “will choke down” an agreement that allows Iran a limited nuclear enrichment capability.

-

John Hagee is a controversial Christian Right leader who is the pastor of an evangelical “megachurch” in San Antonio, Texas. Hagee is also the founder of Christians United for Israel...

-

John Hannah, an Iraq War booster who worked as an aide to VP Cheney, has become a leading neoconservative voice for regime change in Syria.

-

A controversial opponent of legal representation for “war on terror” detainees, Aaron Harison is now the president of the neoconservative Center for American Freedom.

-

Before his death on October 24, 2007, Norman Hascoe served as president of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA), a neoconservative-aligned advocacy outfit that strives to link...

-

Michael Hayden, the former top U.S. intelligence official who presided over the Bush administration's controversial warrantless wiretapping program, has been a staunch defender of the “enhanced interrogation” techniques championed by the Bush administration after the 9/11 attacks. When Sen. Diane Feinstein recently argued that a Senate-approved report on the CIA’s torture programs should be publicly released in order to help prevent such practices from being used again, Hayden claimed on Fox News that the senator was showing ”deep emotional feeling” but not objectivity, prompting a sharp backlash from critics who called the remark sexist and inaccurate.

-

<p>Kerry Healey helped recruit Mitt Romney into Massachusetts politics and remains a trusted foreign policy adviser to his presidential campaign, but little is known of her own views on foreign affairs.</p>

-

A bastion of trans-Atlantic neoconservatism and Islamophobia, the UK-based Henry Jackson Society promotes “regime change” in Iran and hardline "pro-Israel" policies in the Middle East. In recent publications, members of the group have called on the United States to lead an armed intervention in Syria and dismissed the P5+1 talks between western powers and Iran as “sham negotiations” that “defang the military threat of any credibility.” The group’s head Alan Mendoza warned an audience at this year’s American Israel Public Affairs Committee convention that increasing Muslim immigration to Europe is weakening the continent’s support for Israel, while its associate director Douglas Murray has proposed that “Conditions for Muslims in Europe must be made harder across the board.”

-

The Heritage Foundation, which has consistently harangued the Obama administration for purportedly being weak on foreign policy, argues that containment of Iran will fail and all military options should be on the table.

-

Hiatt, the Washington Post’s “liberal hawk” editorial page editor, says that he is opposed to the efforts of some of his contributors—like neoconservative pundit Jennifer Rubin—to demonize opponents by referring to their “mental health,” but he apparently sees no reason to “censor” them.

-

High Frontier, a pressure group pushing for “Star Wars” missile defense systems, has deep connections to defense contractors, government officials, and prominent neoconservatives.

-

Charles Hill is a former diplomat who has used his Foreign Service experience to craft a worldview friendly to neoconservatives.

-

Gertrude Himmelfarb, a longtime scholar of—and advocate for— Victorian social values, is the spouse of the late neoconservative trailblazer Irving Kristol and the mother of Weekly Standard editor William Kristol. A recent piece in the journal National Affairs credits Himmelfarb with having been a major influence on Irving Kristol’s gradual mid-century drift to the political right. Despite evidence suggesting otherwise, the piece contends that it wasn’t foreign policy or the antiwar movement that were critical to Kristol’s move to the right, but rather Himmelfarb’s introduction of Kristol to the works of classical conservative philosophers like Edmund Burke.

-

Hirsi Ali, a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute who has a made a career denouncing Islam, argues that Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood may be more dangerous than Al Qaeda precisely because it has given up armed struggle.

-

Amoretta Hoeber is a military consultant and a former Reagan defense official who has opposed international agreements to ban chemical weapons. She currently heads AMH Consulting, a Maryland-based firm that advises companies seeking military contracts. During the Iraq War, Hoeber lent credence to the false accusation that Saddam Hussein was stockpiling chemical weapons—without mentioning that her own firm had secured a contract to remove them.

-

<p>Kim Holmes, a longtime foreign policy director at the right-wing Heritage Foundation, has brought his advocacy of bloated defense budgets and “American exceptionalism” to the Romney campaign.</p>

-

The Stanford University-based Hoover Institution has served for decades as an outside-the-beltway home for Republican Party apparatchiks and as an important source of militarist policy proposals.

-

China scholar Charles Horner, a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, see a looming conflict between China and the Islamic world.

-

Horowitz, an ex-lefty known for making vitriolic attacks on his former comrades, has turned the demonization of Muslims into a lucrative enterprise

-

Rachelle Horowitz is a longtime social democrat who helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington but later drifted toward hawkish anticommunism and supported the war in Iraq.

-

The Hudson Institute, part of a closely-knit group of neoconservative policy institutes that champion aggressive and Israel-centric U.S. foreign policies, has seen a number of its scholars in recent months press for regime change in Iran. Hudson’s “Scooter” Libby and Hillel Fradkin have worried in op-eds about nuclear-armed mullahs motived by the “religious obligation to create an Islamic new world order,” while Meyrav Wurmser has argued that because Iran’s purported nuclear program poses an “existential threat” to Israel, “Israel must possess the means to deter or defeat the realization of that threat."

-

Huntsman, the millionaire scion of the Huntsman chemical empire, is a former Utah governor who served as President Obama’s first ambassador to China and was a candidate for the 2012 GOP presidential nomination.

-

Ideas in Action is a rightist TV program co-produced by the George W. Bush Institute and Grace Creek Media that often features prominent neoconservatives opining on U.S. domestic and foreign policy.

-

Fred Iklé, who passed away in November 2011, was a well known foreign policy analyst and government official who supported a host of militarist foreign policies dating back to the 1970s—including rolling back détente with the Soviet Union and the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq. His case, however, presents an interesting reflection on the efforts of militarists today to expand U.S. military engagement in the Middle East. In particular, like many other erstwhile supporters of the Iraq War, Iklé eventually grew disillusioned with the neoconservative-led campaign to reshape the region’s geopolitical landscape and argued that an attack on Iran would be a “catastrophic failure.”

-

The House Immigration Reform Caucus is a mostly Republican coalition of House members that has promoted restrictive immigration policies, sometimes by linking immigration crackdowns to the “war on terror.” Some high-profile members of the caucus, which has been linked to “white nationalist” and “nativist” groups like the Federation for American Immigration Reform, have evoked anti-Islamic themes regarding Muslim and Arab immigrants to justify cracking down on “illegals.” Reps. Michele Bachmann (R-MN) and Louie Gohmert (R-TX), for example, have warned about “Muslim Brotherhood infiltration” in the U.S. government and promoted the widely ridiculed idea that immigrants are having “terror babies” on U.S. soil to secure U.S. citizenship for their “terrorist” offspring.

-

Founded in the early 1990s to defend Republican Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas against sexual harassment charges, the Independent Women’s Forum has a history of opposing virtually every “women’s rights” initiative. The group attracted headlines recently when one of its senior fellows testified before the Senate that guns, particularly those that can accommodate high-capacity magazines, “make women safer”—a claim that is directly at odds with independent research on the subject.

-

The Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies is an enigmatic Israel-based organization with deep ties to U.S. neoconservatives that is notorious for publishing tirades about Islam’s purported take over of the West.

-

Founded in 2007, the Institute for the Study of War is a Washington, D.C.-based think tank that has supported long-term U.S. military intervention abroad, particularly in Iraq and Afghanistan. Led by Kimberly Kagan, the group has increasingly attracted the support of military contractors with active stakes in the wars the group supports prolonging.

-

The Institute of World Politics is a Washington, D.C.-based graduate school closely tied to right-wing networks in the United States.

-

The Institute on Religion and Democracy, a conservative Christian advocacy group with roots in Cold War neoconservative advocacy, fashions itself as "a watchdog of the religious and evangelical left." Devoted to undermining the influence of liberalism on mainline Protestant churches, the group opposes efforts to combat climate change, has spoken out against "amnesty" for undocumented migrants, and has advocated a hawkish line on foreign policy. It has also taken up traditional conservative concerns like opposition to abortion and gay rights.

-

The Institute on Religion and Public Life publishes First Things magazine, a journal of contemporary religious right thought. Founded by the late Richard John Neuhaus—a "theocon" who blended conservative religious views with hawkish foreign policy advocacy—IRPL aims "to advance a religiously informed public policy for the ordering of society." Although First Things tends to focus on cultural and theological debates, its authors helped promote the invasion of Iraq, defended the war in Afghanistan, and criticized pacifist Christianity as "morally perverse" and "eschatological madness."

-

The International Intelligence Summit is a forum for intelligence and military experts who advocate new tactics in the “war on terror.”

-

Along with its Democratic-aligned counterpart, the taxpayer-funded International Republican Institute has often been accused of subverting democracy abroad while claiming to foster it.

-

IPC advocates regime change in Iran by empowering opposition groups—by which it means the terrorist-designated MEK, not the Green Movement.

-

In March 2011, with the United States engaged in several military conflicts across the Greater Middle East, Freedom House and the Progressive Policy Institute created the Iran Strategy Task Force to lobby the Obama administration to aggressively pursue regime change in Iran.

-

Bruce Jackson, an ally of the George W. Bush administration who promoted the Iraq War among elites in both Washington and the former Soviet bloc, appears to have broken with some of his erstwhile comrades over the issue of Russia. While many neoconservatives have rushed to condemn the Obama administration’s “weakness” in the face of Russia’s intervention in Ukraine and called for an aggressive U.S. response, Jackson has cautioned against staking out an “absolute, maximalist, and nonnegotiable” position on “principles in a country where the United States does not have vital national interests.” When Jackson proposed having a small group of European states mediate the crisis, a writer for the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute complained that “Jackson’s proposed response to Russian aggression is to have Europe do the bullying on Russia’s behalf.”

-

Charles Jacobs is a Boston-based writer and political activist who has founded a number of organizations devoted to policing criticism of Israel and warning about the dangers of "radical Islam." Among these is the group Americans for Peace and Tolerance (APT), which is well known in Boston for opposing the construction of a local Islamic center and for raising alarm about "Islamic extremism" in schools and universities. Jacobs has also put APT's name behind efforts to link Iran to the 1994 bombing of a prominent Buenos Aires Jewish center, despite reports that such accusations rely on testimony from violent anti-regime Iranian exiles.

-

Founded in 1984, the Jamestown Foundation, a Washington, D.C.-based think tank closely associated with right-wing actors that monitors security trends from Eurasia to Africa, has been dogged by allegations that it secretly works with the CIA and allied governments. In April 2013, the group attracted renewed scrutiny after the Russian media reported that the foundation had funded a conference attended by one of the Boston marathon bombing suspects in Tbilisi, Georgia, stoking speculation that the group may have been linked to an alleged Georgian effort to funnel militants into the restive Russian province of Dagestan.

-

Zuhdi Jasser ,a physician and devout Muslim connected to various neoconservative groups, is the founder of the American Islamic Forum for Democracy, which touts itself as "a leading voice for liberty-minded Muslims in America in the war on terror"...

-

Retired Admiral David Jeremiah, an adviser to the neoconservative Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, worked as a consultant for Boeing even as he was advising the U.S. military to lease expensive refueling tankers from the aerospace giant.

-

The Jerusalem Summit is an Israel-based advocacy group that brings together evangelical Christians, U.S.-based neoconservatives, and international “pro-Israel” organizations to press an anti-Palestinian agenda. Although the group appears to be largely dormant, it maintains an active presence on Facebook, where it posts images and messages mocking the notion of Palestinian statehood, promoting IDF talking points, and calling the “1.4 million Muslims living in Israel” an “obstacle to peace.”

-

A prominent member of the rightwing “pro-Israel” lobby, JINSA claims to be "the most influential group on the issue of U.S.-Israel military relations." Specializing in facilitating military-to-military ties between the United States and Israel, JINSA recently hired Michael Makovsky as its CEO. A dual U.S.-Israeli citizen and veteran of the Israeli army, Makovsky previously ran the foreign policy program at the Bipartisan Policy Center, where he oversaw numerous studies aimed at pressuring the United States to adopt a more confrontational approach with Iran.

-

The John M. Olin Foundation, once one of the country’s premier conservative foundations, closed down in 2005 after a half century of operations. Among its more notable grantees were the...

-

<p>Romney adviser Robert Joseph, John Bolton’s successor in the Bush State Department, has staked out a hard line in support of costly missile defense programs and against arms control agreements.</p>

-

Michael Joyce, who passed away in early 2006, was once described by neoconservative guru Irving Kristol as the "godfather of modern philanthropy." Joyce was a key financial booster of the...

-

A founder of the Republican Jewish Coalition, Lawrence Kadish has been a prominent backer of a number of neoconservative and right-wing “pro-Israel” groups.

-

Donald Kagan, the father of leading neoconservative writers Robert and Frederick Kagan, is a prominent historian of ancient Greece who recently retired after a 44-year career at Yale. A longtime proponent of “Western civilization”—which he says is of “broader consequence and significance” than other civilizations—Kagan became in later years an unapologetic advocate of American exceptionalism as well, once telling students at a 9/11 memorial service that it was their patriotic duty and “moral responsibility” to support the U.S. government’s war effort in Iraq. In his farewell lecture, Kagan lamented that students’ “belief in the excellence of the tradition and institutions of Western Civilization and of this nation” had been replaced by “a sort of relativism verging on nihilism.”

-

A foreign policy hawk known for his work shaping the 2007 Iraq “surge,” AEI fellow Frederick Kagan has authored numerous books and reports promoting long-term U.S. military intervention in the Middle East and Central Asia.

-

Kimberly Kagan is founder and president of the Institute for the Study of War (ISW), a hawkish counterinsurgency think tank. With her husband Frederick—an American Enterprise Institute fellow often credited with helping to conceive the Iraq “surge”—Kagan has proven an influential advocate for a protracted counterinsurgency campaign in Afghanistan, receiving extraordinary accommodations from General David Petraeus during his tenure in the country. While she was advising Petraeus, Kagan continued to receive a paycheck from ISW, which is funded by military contractors with active interests in Afghanistan.

-

Robert Kagan, a leading neoconservative policy pundit associated with numerous militarist pressure groups, sees dire consequences if the looming “sequestration” defense cuts go through, even as other analysts dismiss the cuts as little more than a re-do of 2006 budget limits. For Kagan, however, “The signal that will be sent [by the cuts]—in addition to the actual consequences of sequestration—could have a very jarring effect on the international situation as we look forward.”

-

Phyllis Kaminsky is long-standing Republican Party insider who has been associated with several rightist “pro-Israel” groups in the United States.

-

Max Kampelman, a Cold War-era arms control negotiator who often supported hawkish “pro-Israel” policy campaigns, passed away in January 2013 at the age of 92. Like many of his neoconservative contemporaries, Kampelman's early politics leaned left. During World War II, Kampelman was a pacifist and conscientious objector. However, while working for Sen. Hubert Humphrey in the 1940s, Kampelman experienced a transformation in his politics, abandoning pacifism for a more aggressive view of national security. According to Kampelman, "The development of atomic and hydrogen bombs led me to doubt my earlier faith in the power of nonviolence to overcome evil in international relations.” Yet Kampelman’s views on many issues continued to evolve even late into life, as demonstrated by his efforts to promote global nuclear weapons abolition during his final years.

-

Kansteiner is a long-standing Republican Party operative active in international business and policy initiatives.

-

Tom Karako is a visiting professor at Kenyon College, a fellow at the Claremont Institute, and a senior adviser for Americans for Victory over Terrorism.

-

A decorated retired general credited with helping conceive the Iraq “surge,” Jack Keane has used his military experience to turn a profit in the private sector—most recently as a senior adviser to Academi LLC, the latest incarnation of the notorious Blackwater Worldwide.

-

This new rightwing pressure group—led by Liz Cheney and William Kristol—is circulating a petition pushing to keep “Gitmo” open, claiming it is a “safe, secure, and humane” way to keep “terrorists” locked up.

-

One of a string of astrotruf groups launched by neoconservatives and Christian Right figures, Keep Israel Safe produced several webvideos that mischaracterize the Obama administration’s policies on Israel and Iran.

-

New Hampshire Sen. Kelly Ayotte's relative youth, hawkish foreign policy views, and conservative bona fides have made her a rising star in the Republican establishment. In February 2014, she received the blessing of Weekly Standard editor Bill Kristol, who called Ayotte—a staunch foreign policy hawk in the vein of John McCain and Lindsey Graham—a "leader" on foreign policy and suggested that she run for president or vice president in 2016. Kristol famously helped propel Sarah Palin to the GOP vice presidential nomination in 2008.

-

Penn Kemble, an influential organizer of an array of neoconservative-led causes for more than three decades who refused to join his ideological ilk in their move from the Democratic Party to the...

-

A former congressman and standout NFL quarterback who passed away in May 2009, Kemp has been credited with helping shape the modern Republican Party, pushing it to adopt a plank of rightist social policies as well as an interventionist overseas military agenda.

-

Brian Kennedy is the president of the Claremont Institute and senior adviser to the Bill Bennett-founded Americans for Victory over Terrorism.

-

A fellow at the Hudson Institute, Keyworth’s record includes working as an executive for defense contractors and serving as President Reagan’s science advisor, during which time he advocated for “Star Wars” missile defense.

-

The U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, Iraq, and the United Nations during the Bush presidency, Khalilzad is president of the international consulting firm Khalilzad Associates and an outspoken supporter of aggressive U.S. support for toppling Mideast regimes caught up in the “Arab Spring” as part of an effort to contain Iran.

-

Kirchick argues that a “leftist McCathyism” has emerged in the United States targeting the loyalty of American Jews, thereby adding his voice to that ofjoining other neoconservative writers who have used reckless claims of anti-semitism to sideline legitimate criticism of one-sided U.S. support for Israel.

-

Sen. Mark Kirk (R-IL) is working hard to subvert the interim agreement between the P5+1 powers and Iran over Tehran's nuclear enrichment program. Speaking to reporters about the recent talks, Kirk echoed Israeli government talking points about Iran's nuclear enrichment program and quipped that moderate Iranians are either "out of bullets or out of money." He has likened Barack Obama to Neville Chamberlain and himself to Galileo, leading one conservative writer to despair that “If this is what passes for foreign policy thinking among top Republicans, the party is in a very bad way."

-

The first woman to serve as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations and an important intellectual leader of the neoconservative political faction, Jeane J. Kirkpatrick passed away on December 7, 2006....

-

An Iranian-American activist and former intern at the American Enterprise Institute, Peter Kohanloo has harshly criticized fellow Iranian Americans who are opposed to regime change in Iran.

-

Neoconservative philanthropist and hedge fund entrepreneur Bruce Kovner is sometimes referred to as Geroge Soros’s right-wing twin.

-

Kramer is a Russia hawk who has served as the executive director of Freedom House, a U.S. government-funded democracy advocacy group that has been closely associated with neoconservative advocacy for decades.

-

Washington Post columnist Charles Krauthammer is a trailblazing “pro-Israel” ideologue and an unapologetic advocate for U.S. overseas military intervention—but don’t call him a “neoconservative.” At a recent event hosted by the right-wing National Review, Krauthammer dismissed the neoconservative label as an “epithet” for “Jewish conservative,” suggesting that affording any scrutiny to neoconservative foreign policy was tantamount to anti-Semitism.

-

The “godfather” of neoconservatism passed away in mid-September.

-

Weekly Standard editor William Kristol seems nostalgic for the Cold War. During a recent appearance on ABC, he lamented that President Obama didn’t seem to show proper reverence for that “war” when he argued that Syria and Ukraine are not pieces on a “Cold War chessboard.” Kristol said, "So, look; it's nice for President Obama to say it's not a Cold War chessboard. I don't know why he says that with some disdain. That was not an ignoble thing for us to play on that chessboard for 45 years. We ended up winning that Cold War." He added, "And I do think Putin thinks he's playing chess. He thinks he's playing even a rougher game than chess and we have to be able to match it.”

-

Charles M. Kupperman, a longtime defense contracting executive, has been associated with a number of influential militarist think tanks and institutions including the Center for Security Policy...

-

Sen. Jon Kyl (R-AZ), an advocate of extravagant weapons systems and militarist U.S. foreign policies, retired from the Senate in 2013.

-

A State Department official during the Bush administration with a history of working for neoconservative groups, Lagon recently became a visiting professor at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.

-

Michael Ledeen, a “Freedom Scholar” at the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies who has long advocated overthrowing the “mullahs” in Iran, is disappointed in the U.S. election result. However, he appears to find comfort knowing that Europeans overwhelming supported President Obama, which he says has reaffirmed his view “that the American Revolution was a great thing, and that Americans were right to abandon authoritarian Europe for the possibility of creating a free country across the ocean.”

-

John F. Lehman heads a private equity firm whose investment interests dovetail with his hawkish political advocacy, which has included supporting several GOP presidential campaigns and the work of numerous neoconservative pressure groups.

-

An investment banker who advocates supply-side economics and a return to the gold standard, Lehrman has supported a number of militarist pressure groups since the Cold War, including the Project for the New American Century and the Reagan-era Citizens for America.

-

The former head of AmeriCorps and a long-time philanthropic supporter of neoconservatism, Lenkowksy accuses Obama of pushing policies that will hurt charitable giving...

-

A counterterrorism specialist at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy—a spinoff of AIPAC—Matthew Levitt has accused Iran of waging "asymmetric war" against the West through proxies such as Hezbollah. A proponent of the disputed notion that Iran's leaders are pursuing nuclear weapons, Levitt has praised the Obama administration's sanctions against Iran but argued that they must be accompanied by "military options."

-

Bernard Lewis, the renowned historian who predicted back in 2006 that Iran was planning an imminent nuclear attack on Israel shortly before U.S. intelligence agencies determined that Iran's nuclear program had been dormant for years, is back at it. Discussing Iran with an interviewer from the Hoover Institution late last year, Lewis reiterated his view that Iran's religious leaders are not governed by rational impulses, insisting that for them mutually assured destruction is "not a deterrent, it's an inducement." This argument, widely repeated by neoconservative ideologues, has been fervently disputed by realist scholars, as well as by military and intelligence figures in Israel and the United States.

-

<p>The Lexington Institute, which has been called “the defense industry's pay-to-play ad agency,” is notorious for accepting large donations from military contractors to publish studies advocating military spending programs.</p>

-

Vice President Dick Cheney’s chief of staff who was convicted in connection to the PlameGate affair is now senior vice president of the Hudson Institute.

-

A professor at Georgetown University and member of the Committee on the Present Danger, Lieber is a leading academic apologist for the Bush Doctrine of preemption.

-

The former senator from Connecticut has joined the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), where he co-chairs with former Sen. Jon Kyl the American Internationalism Project. As one commentator put it, Lieberman “should feel right at home there.... His tenure at AEI will allow him to continue to pontificate to a sympathetic audience about why he regards even mild opposition to his intransigent bellicosity as benighted obstructionism.”

-

Seth Leibsohn is a fellow at the Claremont Institute, executive director of Americans for Victory over Terrorism, and producer of Bill Bennett's Morning In America.

-

A research fellow at the Hoover Institution, Lindberg has supported a number of advocacy campaigns spearheaded by neoconservative groups, including the Project for the New American Century and the Foreign Policy Initiative.

-

Robert Livingston is a former congressman from Louisiana who heads the lobbying firm the Livingston Group, and has served as a advisor to the neoconservative Center for Security Policy.

-

Billionaire hedge fund investor Daniel Loeb recently sold his firm's shares in the company Yahoo for over $1 billion. The sale capped off Loeb’s yearlong stint as a member of the company's board, during which time the confrontational investor push through several high-profile changes to the company's leadership and business practices. Although he is a registered Democrat, Loeb used some of his fortune to support the 2012 presidential campaign of Mitt Romney. He is also a supporter of the Emergency Committee for Israel, a controversial neoconservative pressure group that has agitated for war with Iran.

-

Robert J. Loewenberg heads the quixotic Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies, the Jerusalem-based right-wing think tank notorious for its more-hawkish-than-Likud take on Middle East peace.

-

Longtime rightwing activist and former CIA officer Clare Lopez is a vocal proponent of the notion that the U.S. government—and in particular the Obama administration—has been infiltrated by Islamic extremists tied to the Muslim Brotherhood. A senior fellow at the Clarion Project and the Center for Security Policy, Lopez implied in the wake of the Boston marathon bombing that Brotherhood-linked “front groups” had stymied FBI surveillance of mosques and Muslim organizations, making such attacks more likely to occur.

-

National Review contributor Mario Loyola is a longtime champion of preemptive war, having argued in the past that the UN charter will be “delegitimized” unless it is amended to permit preemptive wars like the U.S. invasion of Iraq. More recently, Loyola has defied U.S. intelligence experts who deny that Iran is developing a nuclear weapon and declared that Washington is demonstrating “how easy it is for any two-bit government to rattle our nerves” by presuming that Iran’s nuclear infrastructure can’t be destroyed by U.S. airstrikes.

-

A former Bush administration foreign policy operative and veteran of the Pentagon’s controversial Office of Special Plans, Luti is now a VP at defense contractor Northrop Grumman...

-

David Makovsky, head of the Project on the Middle East Peace Process at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, has urged moderation between Israel and Palestine even while making military threats against Iran. In a recent op-ed, he wrote that the Obama administration should take steps to once and for all settle the question of whether Iran is hoping to develop nuclear weapons, while making clear that “it is not afraid of talks failing." He failed, however, to assess whether any kind of military action will work—and not backfire.

-

A dual U.S.-Israeli citizen who advocates a "credible" U.S. military threat against Iran, Michael Makovsky is the CEO of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, a “pro-Israel” policy group that specializes in encouraging military-to-military ties between the United States and Israel.

-

F. Michael Maloof is a writer for the right-wing WorldNetDaily whose most important claims to public notoriety are his one-time connections to neoconservatives in the George W. Bush administration and his alleged role in helping produce faulty intelligence while working at the Pentagon’s notorious Office of Special Plans. Maloof recently published a fear-mongering book about the discredited threat of an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) attack on America titled A Nation Foresaken: EMP: The Escalating Threat of an American Catastrophe

-

The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research is an influential rightist think tank chaired by hedge fund magnate Paul Singer, an important financial backer of neoconservative advocacy groups like the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. The Manhattan Institute has promoted lower taxes on the rich, public service cuts for the poor, and controversial "stop and frisk" police practices. Through its influential quarterly magazine, City Journal, many Manhattan Institute figures also weigh in on foreign policy. In a recent column, City Journal contributing editor Judith Miller—notorious for her efforts to relay Ahmed Chalabi's false intelligence about Iraq as a New York Times reporter—expressed "profound skepticism" about any international agreement to disarm Syria of its chemical weapons.

-

Bernard Marcus is the billionaire co-founder and former CEO of The Home Depot. Since retiring from the company in 2002, he has devoted his energies to philanthropy, political fundraising, and activism. Alongside his support for traditional philanthropic causes, Marcus has also emerged as a major funder of numerous Republican and neoconservative organizations, including the American Enterprise Institute, Christians United for Israel, the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, and many others. He is the largest donor to the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies, having given nearly $11 million to the organization in 2011 alone.

-

Will Marshall, cofounder of the Democratic Leadership Council and head of the Progressive Policy Institute (PPI), has been a leading advocate of a more hawkish and “market-friendly” Democratic Party for decades. A mainstay of Democratic support for the Bush administration’s so-called “freedom agenda,” Marshall continues to support military interventions and a “pro-Israel” U.S. posture from his perch at PPI.

-

President of the neoconservative advocacy group Foundation for Defense of Democracies and a former New York Times correspondent, Cliff May has been a persistent advocate of hawkish U.S. policies toward Iran and an Israel-centric view of the Middle East.

-

Barry McCaffrey, a retired general and the top anti-drug official during the Bill Clinton administration, is a prominent military commentator for MSNBC and NBC’s Nightly News whose initial...

-

Since his longtime ally Sen. Joe Lieberman retired from the Senate, Sen. John McCain has led the congressional push for U.S. intervention in Syria's civil war, recently quipping that President Obama's supposed "red line" regarding the use of chemical weapons in Syria "was apparently written in disappearing ink." Dismissing warnings about Syria's simmering sectarian tensions and the prevalence of radical Islamists amid its armed opposition, McCain has advocated sending heavy weaponry to Syria's rebels and employing U.S. airpower to create "safe zones" inside Syria.

-

A neoconservative pundit and former federal prosecutor, McCarthy argues that Islam is inherently radical and thus a threat to the United States.

-

An erstwhile socialist activist who became part of the burgeoning neoconservative community in the 1970s, Bruce McColm is today a leading anti-Iran activist and supporter of the terrorist-designated People’s Muhajedin of Iran (MEK).

-

Thomas McInerney is a retired U.S. Air Force general and defense industry executive who promotes hawkish U.S. security policies from his perch at Fox News. Closely associated with a number of neoconservative advocacy groups, McInerney often receives attention for making outlandish claims about purported threats to the United States and Israel. Shortly after Malaysian Airlines Flight MH 370 went missing in early March, McInerney began promoting the theory that the plane could have been hijacked and sent to Pakistan to be loaded with conventional or nuclear weapons for use in a terrorist attack. McInerney has also peddled the conspiracy theory that the U.S. government has been infiltrated by the Muslim Brotherhood, telling a radio interviewer earlier this year, “We’ve got Muslim Brotherhood in the U.S. government today. … I haven’t got their names exactly but there’s a list of them, at least 10 or 15 of them.”

-

Daniel McKivergan is a former campaign staffer for John McCain and deputy director of the Project for the New American Century.

-

The Reagan-era Cold Warrior recently re-emerged on the national scene when he cowrote an op-ed for the right-wing Washington Times that called for a return to the principles of “peace through strength” and warned that America’s very existence was in jeopardy because of a dizzying array of purported threats, including insecure borders, Shariah law, and unlawful combatants. 

-

Meleagrou-Hitchens, a terrorism scholar based at London’s International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation, thinks that even “soft” Islamism can lead to terrorism.

-

Richard Mellon Scaife, owner of the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review and chairman of the Scaife Foundations, has been a key financier of the American Right for decades. In 2006, Scaife’s three major...

-

On most issues, Sen. Robert Menendez (D-NJ)—one of the Senate's top recipients of "pro-Israel" campaign donations—is a typical pro-business Democrat. But on foreign policy, the New Jersey senator has emerged as one of his party's most hawkish—and active—legislators. Coauthor of a 2011 Iran sanctions package that Menendez has bragged is "the most crippling in world history," the senator has sparred openly with the White House over his drive to impose new sanctions, even as the Obama administration has sought to lift them in exchange for restrictions on Tehran's nuclear enrichment program. When the White House warned that new sanctions could make it appear the U.S. was negotiating in "bad faith," Menendez—somewhat ironically, given his own alarmist warnings about Iran developing nuclear weapons—accused the administration of "fear-mongering," resolving to push for the sanctions anyway.

-

Philip Merrill, a minor media mogul and former president of the U.S. Export-Import Bank, was found dead in the Chesapeake Bay in late June 2006, apparently the victim of a self-inflicted gunshot...

-

The Middle East Forum (MEF) is a controversial Philadelphia-based policy institute that is notorious for its extremist rhetoric about Islam and Middle East politics. Through projects and publications like Middle East Quarterly, Campus Watch, and Islamist Watch, MEF sows suspicion about Muslims and Islamist movements and agitates for an aggressive U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East. In 2013, founder Daniel Pipes notably broke with many of his fellow neoconservatives—and much of his own prior work—in arguing that instead of ousting Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, Washington should seek to ensure that the stalemated Syrian civil war goes on as long as possible to maximize the damage the various sides inflict on each other. He also argued that instead of voting to authorize the use of force in Syria, Congress should vote to attack Iran.

-

The “nonpartisan” MEMRI, which has received funding from the U.S. State Department and dozens of U.S.-based foundations, has drawn fire for its ties to neoconservative and anti-Islamic organizations, as well as for producing selective and at times inaccurate translations of Middle Eastern sources.

-

Missouri State University’s Department of Defense and Strategic Studies is a stronghold of rightist foreign policy scholars.

-

Retired General Thomas Moorman has represented defense industry interests at the same time as he served on government boards promoting weapons programs.

-

-

The bingo magnate and notorious backer of Jewish settlements in Palestinian territories, Irving Moskowitz has also funded the campaigns of rightwing U.S. politicians like Florida Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.

-

Though billing itself as a nonpartisan organization to “support the troops,” Move America Forward pursues a hawkish agenda aimed at increasing U.S. military intervention abroad.

-

Muravchik, a neoconserviative ideologue based at the School of Advanced International Studies, has longed pushed for a U.S. attack on Iran, including back in 2006, when he argued in Foreign Policy that Bush would have to bomb the country “before leaving office.”

-

Laurent Murawiec was a French-American geostrategist and hawkish pundit who was notorious for his efforts to promote U.S. military action against Saudi Arabia.

-

Rupert Murdoch, the head of News Corp and a long-time supporter of neoconservative campaigns, has been embroiled in scandal as former executives of his company are alleged to have hacked the voicemail of hundreds of politicians and celebrities, bribed British police, and attempted to illegally obtain the phone records of deceased 9/11 victims.

-

In late 2012, John Nagl, an important promoter of counterinsurgency strategy (COIN), apparently left behind his career in military policy to become headmaster at a wealthy prep school, prompting one writer to quip: “Today, there is no better symbol for the dramatic failure of COIN, the fading of the COINdinistas and the loss that is U.S war policy in Afghanistan than this week’s news that Nagl is leaving Washington to be the headmaster of The Haverford School, a rich preparatory school (grades k-12) for boys on Philadelphia’s Main Line.”

-

Nash is a Fox News analyst, executive for military contractors, and advisor to several rightwing advocacy organizations, including the Center for Security Policy.

-

The taxpayer-funded National Endowment for Democracy has often been accused of profoundly anti-democratic behavior.

-

This Cold War era think tank has found new reasons for promoting extravagant U.S. defenses, including to defend against “terrorist-supporting” states like Iran.

-

The National Interest is a realist-leaning foreign policy magazine founded by Irving Kristol and later taken over by the Nixon Center.

-

In a new report, the National Strategy Information Center, which has been promoting militarist U.S. foreign policies since the 1960s, hypes the notion that the world is on the verge of chaos and that shadowy forces are engaged in an existential battle “against the West.”

-

Andrew Natsios, a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, opposed the distribution of AIDS drugs in Africa as the Bush administration’s USAID director.

-

A controversial Reagan-era official who was involved in implementing counter-insurgency policies in Central America, Negroponte served as the first national intelligence director during the George W. Bush administration. Yale announced in January that Negroponte would teach grand strategy at the university...

-

Hillel Neuer has guided UN Watch’s evolution from a “pro-Israel” critic of the United Nations to an outfit closely aligned with U.S. neoconservatives.

-

"Father Richard," as he was called by President George W. Bush and others, was a Catholic priest and the president of the neoconservative-aligned Institute on Religion and Public Life...

-

Founded to help ensure Europe’s allegiance to U.S. policies, the now-defunct New Atlantic Initiative was aimed in part at preventing the emergence of a European strategic rival to the United States.

-

Under the guise of seeking accountability and transparency, the neoconservative-linked NGO Monitor launches partisan-minded assaults against NGOs who criticize the Israeli government.

-

An heir to the Sears Roebuck fortune, Nina Rosenwald has been dubbed “the sugar mama of anti-Muslim hate” for her philanthropy supporting right-wing and anti-Islamic groups in the United States. She is the founder of the Gatestone Institute, an offshoot of the neoconservative Hudson Institute that has rolled out the red carpet for anti-Islamic polemicists like Geert Wilders and produced a slew of commentaries inveighing against Iran, Palestinians, and the purported creep of Sharia law.

-

Noriega, a former Bush administration policymaker now at the American Enterprise Institute, continues to push hardline U.S. security polices and a free market agenda for Latin America.

-

NORPAC is a New Jersey-based political action committee that backs legislators who favor hardline "pro-Israel" policies. Sometimes referred to as “the little brother” of the powerful American Israel Political Action Committee, NORPAC recently flooded the U.S. Capitol with supporters calling on the United States to back Israel in the event that it goes to war with Iran.

-

Michael Novak is a conservative Catholic theologian and writer. A former leftist who became an enthusiastic proponent of market economics and U.S. military interventions, Novak was a founding member of the “theocon” political faction, which blends religiously informed social conservatism on domestic issues with strident hawkishness on foreign policy. Shortly before the Iraq War, he tried to convince Pope John Paul II to support a more "flexible" version of the Catholic "just war" doctrine, which Novak would also like to apply to hoped-for U.S. attacks on Syria and Iran.

-

Elizabeth O'Bagy is a researcher who has written several reports and op-eds calling on Washington to arm the Syrian rebels and attack the Syrian regime. She was based at the neoconservative Institute for the Study of War (ISW) until early September 2013, when ISW terminated her employment after determining that O'Bagy had lied about her academic credentials. She has also worked as political director of the Syrian Emergency Task Force, an opposition-linked lobbying group based in Washington that has advocated regime change in Syria. Shortly before being fired by ISW, O’Bagy drew fire after penning a widely cited Wall Street Journal op-ed that reiterated her support for intervening in Syria and downplayed reports about extremist elements in the opposition—all without disclosing her paid affiliation with an opposition-linked interest group.

-

Brookings scholar Michael O'Hanlon, a well known liberal interventionist who often teams up with rightwing hawks to push for U.S. military action abroad, has exceeded the proposals of many of his conservative partners with respect to Syria. In addition to advocating arming rebels and creating “no-fly zones,” O'Hanlon has suggested that the United States send as many as 20,000 U.S. "peacekeepers" to police an ethnically and religiously fractured Syria.

-

Previously a special assistant to President George W. Bush, Meghan O’Sullivan is a professor at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government who argues that sanctions aren’t aggressive enough to achieve change in the Middle East.

-

The Office of Iranian Affairs (OIA) was created in early 2006 within the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Near East Affairs, apparently as part of an effort to channel funds to groups that could...

-

The Office of Special Plans was a controversial Pentagon policy outfit that was widely accused of providing the George W. Bush administration with inaccurate, skewed intelligence linking Iraq and al-Qaeda in an effort to justify the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

-

One Jerusalem is a right-wing advocacy group that opposes any Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement that cedes part of Jerusalem to the Palestinians.

-

A Brussels-based neoconservative writer and senior fellow at the Washington, D.C.-based Foundation for Defense of Democracies, Ottolenghi thinks that the United States must force “regime change” in Iran.

-

A former diplomat and longstanding democracy promoter who has supported the work of several neoconservative advocacy groups, Palmer has been a vociferous critic of the Obama administration’s track record in supporting internet freedom in China and Iran.

-

The head of the National Institute for Public Policy, Keith Payne is an outspoken advocate of militarist U.S. strategic weapons policies.

-

<p>A former Air Force pilot and Vietnam veteran, Rep. Steve Pearce has been a reliable vote for war funding and increased defense spending.</p>

-

The People’s Mujahedin of Iran (MEK), a militant organization advocating the overthrow of the Islamic Republic of Iran, was for many years listed as a terrorist organization by the U.S. State Department. In September 2012, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced that the group would be removed from the terrorist list. The decision was a major victory for the group’s backers, who spent millions on an aggressive lobbying campaign that included a host of prominent former U.S. officials and a crop of longtime neoconservatives. The decision also raised a number of concerns about a potential backlash from Iran, which could have repercussions on efforts to negotiate limits to that country’s nuclear program.

-

A fierce advocate of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq while an adviser to the Bush administration, Richard Perle later expressed regrets about some aspects of the war, arguing that the Iraqis would likely not have handled the postwar situation "as badly as we did. We sent thousands of Americans over there to run a country they knew nothing about." Regarding the decision to invade, however, Perle states: "You can’t, a decade later, go back and say, 'Well we shouldn’t have done that.'"

-

Rick Perry, George W. Bush’s successor as Texas governor who unsuccessfully campaigned for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination, has argued that his support for Israel is based on his Christian faith and pushed for U.S. military intervention in Mexico.

-

A self-styled terrorism “expert” who claims that the killing of Osama bin Laden strengthened Al Qaeda, Walid Phares accuses the Obama administration of giving the Muslim Brotherhood a “green light” to marginalize critics. In a Fox New appearance, he leveled a number of wild accusations at the president, saying:  “Everybody knows—or at least everybody criticizes or accuses—the Obama administration of being a partner, of pushing, of helping the Morsi government [in Egypt]. And before that, the engagement with the Muslim Brotherhood. It’s a well-known reality.”

-

The Philanthropy Roundtable is a research and advocacy group that helps right-wing donors funnel money to an assortment of philanthropic and political causes. The group, which has had numerous connections to neoconservative foundations and advocacy groups over the years, recently attracted notice for its role in helping bankroll efforts to fight environmental regulations.

-

Daniel Pipes, an outspoken neoconservative and critic of Islam, has broken with many of his fellow hawks on the issue of Syria. Rather than advocating the imposition of a "no-fly zone" or sending U.S. arms to the Syrian rebels, Pipes has argued that the United States should consider backing the regime of Bashar al-Assad, writing that "Western powers should guide enemies to stalemate by helping whichever side is losing, so as to prolong the conflict" and keep each side "focused locally."

-

U.S.-Russian relations continue to cool, but for Richard Pipes, a professor emeritus at Harvard who was a notorious anti-Soviet hardliner during the Cold War, now is the time to cajole Russia into the “Western” fold. Instead of antagonizing the country, writes Pipes, the West should consider dissolving NATO and patiently “convince Russians that they belong to the West and should adopt Western institutions and values.” On the other hand, Pipes has rejected Russian opposition to U.S. efforts to place anti-missile systems close to its borders and has recently supported the work of a host of neoconservative groups, whose scholars have pressed a hard line on Russia.

-

Danielle Pletka, the vice president of foreign and defense studies at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute, has helped lead the right-wing attack on the Obama administration's handling of Russia's recent incursion into Ukraine's Crimean peninsula. In an appearance on CBS' Face the Nation, Pletka argued that the incursion stemmed from Russian President Vladimir Putin's disregard for Barack Obama, which she attributed to the U.S. hesitancy to intervene in Syria's civil war and the Obama administration's plans to marginally shrink the U.S. military. "The problem is I don't think that the president right now is very credible," Pletka said. "And I think that Putin thinks he's got Obama's number." Critics pointed out that Pletka was brushing aside the politics of the region and the particulars of the situation.“ Shocking as it may seem," countered one writer from the Guardian, "sometimes countries take actions based on how they view their interests, irrespective of who the U.S. did or did not bomb."

-

John Podhoretz, the son of Norman Podhoretz and Midge Decter, is a second-generation neoconservative. Like his father and mother, "JPod," as he is sometimes called, has been a vociferous...

-

Former Commentary editor Norman Podhoretz has been a leading writer and ideologue of the neoconservative political faction since it began to emerge some six decades ago, promoting numerous U.S.-led wars across the globe and helping shape many of the faction’s more enduring political arguments. During his slow drift to the right in the 1960s, Podhoretz wrote "My Negro Problem and Ours," among his more controversial early pieces, in which he wrote: "The hatred I still feel for Negroes is the hardest of all the old feelings to face or admit, and it is the most hidden and the most overlarded by the conscious attitudes into which I have succeeded in willing myself." Fifty years later, in May 2013, Podhoretz praised his essay as a "fully realized piece of writing" and claimed that "if there is white racism at work [in the United States today], it is precisely the perverse liberal variety."

-

An apparent rising star In the neoconservative firmament, Emergency Committee for Israel spokesman Noah Pollak wants “a pro-Israel group representing every pro-Israel person on earth.”

-

Dennis Prager is a conservative radio talk show host and columnist who promotes the culture wars as well as America's overseas wars. An unapologetic advocate of making the United States the "world's policeman," Prager is an avid proponent of U.S. intervention in Syria, calling the recent agreement to avoid war by transferring Syria's chemical weapons out of the country an "American defeat by Russia, Syria, and Iran." On the cultural front, Prager has recently compared court rulings legalizing same-sex marriage in California to Egypt's military coup, and accused "virtually all black leaders" of having "hatred" for "white America."

-

Claiming that he "didn't make a whole lot of money out of the whole Blackwater experience," former Blackwater CEO Erik Prince—whose company was worth billions at one point—has published a book telling his side of the story about the controversial arms-for-hire contractor. In interviews promoting the book, Prince lodged some surprising complaints about the national security state, criticizing NSA spying, predicting that the United States would reap a "bitter harvest" from its drone program and calling for cuts to the U.S. military budget (along with social spending).

-

Since its founding in 1989, the Progressive Policy Institute (PPI) has advocated “market-friendly” economic policies and a hawkish line on foreign policy from within the Democratic Party. Closely associated with the now-defunct Democratic Leadership Council, the group has supported the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, advocated a “get-tough” line on Iran, and backed aggressive Israeli military actions towards the Palestinians. More recently, Politico included the group among a list of think tanks that could “hamstring” President Obama’s nomination of Chuck Hagel to head the Department of Defense. PPI president Will Marshall, a long-time ally of the “Israel Lobby,” has criticized what he calls Hagel’s “instinctual recoiling from intervention.”

-

The Project for the New American Century, a letterhead group closely associated with the American Enterprise Institute, served as the cornerstone of a neoconservative-led campaign to promote the 2003 invasion of Iraq, helping unite key figures from various ideological factions behind the cause. By 2006, as the United States became increasingly bogged down in a bloody counterinsurgency war in Iraq, the group phased out most operations. Its various directors and supporters, however, remain active today, particularly in the effort to push for war against Iran.

-

The Project on Transitional Democracies, a successor group to the U.S. Committee on NATO, promotes reforms in post-Soviet states and has pressed a get-tough line on Russia.

-

Los Angeles-based lawyer Pierre Prosper, a foreign policy adviser to Mitt Romney’s 2012 presidential bid, served as Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes in the U.S. State Department during the early years of the “war on terror,” where he proved to be feckless in pursuing investigations into alleged war crimes of U.S. allies.

-

Was Mitt Romney’s overseas misadventure his “potatoe” moment? Former VP Quayle’s most enduring legacy, besides having William Kristol as his “brain,” is his record of verbal gaffes, against which numerous successive political figures have been compared.

-

Réalité-EU is a hawkish policy outfit that promotes aggressive European policies toward Iran and other “threats” in the Middle East. The group purports to be based in London, but investigations by progressive blogs have suggested that the group is linked with The Israel Project, a neoconservative-leaning “pro-Israel” advocacy group based in Washington, D.C. The organization’s website no longer lists a London address, but it continues to churn out hawkish analyses and policy recommendations aimed at European policymakers.

-

Stephen Rademaker, a lobbyist who advises the hawkish Bipartisan Policy Center, was one of a host of Iran hawks to sign a January 2014 letter from the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative implicitly pressuring Congress to pass new sanctions on Iran even as it negotiated with Washington over its nuclear enrichment program. Rademaker has contributed to several BPC reports accusing Iran of developing nuclear weapons and calling for a militarized U.S. response.

-

Touting itself as the “the nation’s leading conservative publisher,” 1 Regnery Publishing was founded by Henry Regnery in 1947 in Chicago. Initially affiliated with the University...

-

The controversial Iran-Contra veteran who served as an assistant secretary of state under George W. Bush remains a divisive figure in U.S.-Latin American relations...

-

Former diplomat Mitchell Reiss has been an advocate for both negotiating with the Taliban and delisting the MEK.

-

The Republican Jewish Coalition is a central component of the Republican Party’s outreach to Jewish voters and, increasingly, a source of organizational muscle for Republican campaigns. It has placed itself at the center of a high-profile campaign—funded in large part by casino magnate Sheldon Adelson—to woo Jewish swing-state voters away from the Democratic Party, primarily by exploiting concerns about Israeli security.

-

Reuel Marc Gerecht, a senior fellow at the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies, has advocated bombing Iran for years, once admitting that even his mom thought he’d “gone too far.” He recently wrote that U.S. credibility "is overwhelmingly built on Washington’s willingness to use force" and lamented that the Obama administration's reluctance to intervene in Syria's civil war amounts to "retreat" from the region. Dismissing the supposed moderation of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Gerecht has also advised U.S. policymakers to "forget diplomacy" with Iran and instead bolster sanctions and military threats.

-

Harold Rhode is a retired Defense Department adviser based at the Gatestone Institute in New York, an activist group that promotes anti-Islamic rhetoric and ideas. A proponent of hawkish, "pro-Israel" policies in the Middle East, Rhode used the occasion of Israel's recent apology to Turkey for killing unarmed Turkish activists in 2010 to accuse the Turkish government of aspiring to create a new "version of the Ottoman Empire." He argued that Israel would have to "remind its enemies who’s boss."

-

Is former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice presidential material? According to a recent Fox News public opinion survey, George W. Bush’s one-time adviser trails closely behind Hillary Clinton as a leading contender if she were to run for the presidency in 2016. If her advocacy on behalf of Mitt Romney’s presidential campaign is any indication, Rice remains enthralled by the idea that the U.S. military is the most effective tool for imposing peace in the world.

-

James Roche, a Navy veteran and former secretary of the Air Force, is a defense industry executive and long time supporter of a number of hardline Israel-centric policy groups, including the Washington Institute for Near East Policy and the Center for Security Policy.

-

Peter Rodman, who passed away August 2, 2008, was an assistant secretary of defense for international security under Donald Rumsfeld in the George W. Bush administration; he joined the Brookings...

-

On Tuesday, the U.S. public goes to the polls to select the next U.S. president. What would a Mitt Romney foreign policy team look like? Who might be invited to serve as his administration’s national security advisers? And which Mitt Romney would emerge after the election—the hawkish proponent of using U.S. military power abroad who appeared on the campaign trail, or the more dovish, “we can’t kill our way out of this mess” candidate who debated President Obama?

-

Supported in part by rightwing donors from the “Israel Lobby,” Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) has used her perch as chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee to push hawkish policies in the Middle East and Latin America.

-

Even after losing a highly public defamation lawsuit to his former employer, the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), Steven J. Rosen—a well-known lobbyist who was fired by the pro-Israel outfit in 2005 after allegedly passing Pentagon secrets to the Israeli government—continues to agitate for AIPAC's positions and its place in the "pro-Israel" milieu. Now based at the neoconservative Middle East Forum, Rosen frequently asserts that Iran is actively developing a nuclear weapon, has pushed plans for a U.S. military strike on Syria, and has lamented the rise of moderate "pro-Israel" groups like J Street.

-

Dennis Ross, a controversial former diplomat who served in the Obama administration before retreating to a “pro-Israel” think tank, is a vocal Democratic advocate of leveraging the threat of war to exact concessions from Iran over its nuclear program. Recently, Ross linked the issue to the crisis in Ukraine, arguing that the Obama administration should retaliate against Russia for its intervention in Ukraine in order to placate Israel and Saudi Arabia—foes of Iran who, according to Ross, “believe that the U.S. is increasingly reluctant to act in the face of regional challenges”—even if it means ending Russian cooperation in international negotiations over Iran’s nuclear program.

-

GOP strategist and super PAC head Karl is renowned for being ruthless in trying to win elections. But after marshaling hundreds of millions of dollars in a failed bid to defeat President Obama and a slate of Democratic legislators—as well as an embarrassing meltdown on Fox News during election night—many observers are wondering whether Rove’s magic has worn off. His effort to explain away the debacle by arguing that Obama has “suppressed the vote” also failed to impress.

-

George Bush Senior’s assistant secretary of defense, Rowen is a fellow emeritus at the Hoover Institution, where he focuses on U.S and Asian security and development issues.

-

Jennifer Rubin, a neoconservative blogger for the Washington Post, has been even more confrontational than usual in her strident opposition to the Obama administration's efforts to reach a diplomatic agreement with Iran—which she has characterized as "running towards appeasement." In recent posts, Rubin has accused progressives who oppose imposing new sanctions that could scuttle a deal between Washington and Tehran of advancing "the same line the mullahs" and, like Bill Kristol, held out hope that Israel might attack Iran to "defend the West."

-

A skeptic of Islamist democratic movements, American Enterprise Institute fellow Michael Rubin has shown particular hostility to Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood. A veteran of the Bush-era Pentagon office that provided faulty intelligence in the run-up to the Iraq war, Rubin welcomed the recent coup that toppled Egypt's democratically elected Muslim Brotherhood government, writing that "If democracy is the goal, then the United States should celebrate Egypt’s coup." A month later, even after military crackdowns had killed hundreds of unarmed Islamist protesters, Rubin was still insisting that "our side is with" the coup government and maintained that Washington should continue to fund Egypt's military.

-

The Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States, commonly called the Rumsfeld Commission or the Rumsfeld Missile Commission after its chair Donald Rumsfeld, operated from...

-

The Commission to Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization, frequently called the Rumsfeld Space Commission or simply the Space Commission, was established in 1999 by...

-

Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld has kept a low profile since leaving office in the midst of the unpopular Iraq War, but he has periodically reemerged to champion torture, defense appropriations, and an expansive war on terror.

-

Although he is better known for his austere budget proposals and extreme anti-abortion views, Paul Ryan shares Mitt Romney’s faith in American exceptionalism, believes that America is under attack by “Islamic fascists,” and advocates aggressive U.S. military intervention abroad. Since joining the campaign, Ryan has also walked back his past support for ending the U.S. embargo on Cuba—now accusing the Obama administration of “appeasing” the Castro regime—and attempted to distance himself from his well-documented admiration for the objectivist philosopher Ayn Rand, who held that altruism is evil and greed is good.

-

Gary Samore is a former adviser to the Obama administration whose experience includes serving as president of United Against Nuclear Iran, a pressure group that advocates sanctions against Iran.

-

Rick Santorum, a former GOP presidential candidate and senator from Pennsylvania, has championed starkly right-wing social programs as well as a militarist overseas agenda.

-

The Scaife Foundations are a quartet of conservative foundations—the Sarah Scaife, the Carthage, the Allegheny, and the Scaife Family—that have served as the primary vehicles for the...

-

Randy Scheunemann is a well-connected Washington lobbyist and neoconservative activist. A former director of the Project for the New American Century, Scheunemann is also well known as the foreign policy adviser charged with counseling the neophyte Sarah Palin for John McCain’s 2008 presidential campaign. Scheunemann’s influence on Palin resurfaced in 2014 when Palin claimed to have predicted back in 2008 that Russia would invade Ukraine if then-Sen. Obama were elected president. “Do you think those were actually [Palin’s] own thoughts,” wondered one critic, “or ones crafted by John McCain’s top foreign policy advisor, Randy Scheunemann, a neocon who was both a paid lobbyist for Georgia and supporter of Ahmed Chalabi, the Iraqi charlatan who helped Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney gull the American people into a misbegotten war?”

-

James Schlesinger, who passed away in March, was an elite member of hawkish policy circles for decades. In the 1970s, he served under several administrations as the director of the CIA, secretary of defense, and secretary of energy, before entering the corporate world and serving on government advisory panels for the remainder of his career. A lifelong advocate of nuclear weapons, he was once called the “Yoda” of nuclear strategists. Despite his generally hawkish views, Schlesinger evinced an independent streak, once warning military leaders not to take any order to mobilize from President Richard Nixon—whom Schlesinger thought was dangerously unstable—unless he or Henry Kissinger had approved it.

-

A resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and author of numerous texts on intelligence reform and national security, Gary Schmitt helped found and direct the Project for the New...

-

Bill Schneider is a well-known media personality based at CNN; he has been described as "one of the country's leading political commentators" (by his employer, CNN), "the...

-

William Schneider Jr. is an economist and defense industry consultant who has been part of the militarist advocacy community since the late 1960s.

-

Nick Schulz is the DeWitt Wallace Fellow at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute, where he serves as editor of AEI’s in-house magazine The American.

-

An allegedly bipartisan advocacy group, Secure America Now has been heavily criticized for releasing misleading ads and opinion polls pushing a hawkish agenda on Iran and a “pro-Israel” line in Washington.

-

Criticized for offering trainings to law enforcement agencies that promote prejudicial profiling of Muslims, SSI hypes the threat of “radical Islam” to market its anti-terror products in the United States and Israel.

-

A high-powered Republican Party donor and real estate magnate, Sembler has supported a number of hawkish advocacy groups, including most recently Liz Cheney’s Keep America Safe.

-

A well-known “pro-Israel” pundit and Mitt Romney adviser, Dan Senor argued in the wake of the presidential election that “a systematic crisis in the world of polling” had gripped the Romney camp during the campaign, with “right-of-center” internal Romney polls coming up “way off.” He went on to attack Obama for beginning his second term by “humiliating” Republicans with his stance on “fiscal cliff” negotiations and meeting with MoveOn.org instead of “grinding out” an agreement with Rep. John Boehner.

-

-

Ilan Sharon, executive director of Minnesotans Against Terrorism and a member of the advisory board of the Clarion Fund, frequently lectures on the rise of radical Islam.

-

Nina Shea directs the Center for International Religious Freedom at the neoconservative Hudson Institute. Shea claims to defend "fundamental freedoms of speech and religion," however she has endorsed several attempts to restrict the religious freedoms of Muslims living in the West—including the Swiss ban on building minarets and the French ban on wearing headscarves in public—and allegedly sought to prevent Muslims from working at the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, where she was a commissioner for more than a decade.

-

A well regarded expert on military history who is not typically associated with rightist political causes, Dennis Showalter has advised the neoconservative-led Institute for the Study of War and Center for Security Policy.

-

A former Pentagon advisor and well known Leo Strauss scholar, Shulsky uses his perch at the neocon Hudson Institute to criticize Obama's arms control efforts.

-

Laurence Silberman is a senior U.S. circuit court judge in the District of Columbia, regarded as one of the most important courts in the country, second only to the Supreme Court. He is also a...

-

Billionaire investor and GOP super-donor Paul Singer has attracted some positive press lately for his role as a leading Republican funder of gay rights groups, with the Washington Post describing him as "one of the foremost backers of LGBT rights on the right." But Singer is also a leading funder of neoconservative foreign policy outfits—including the American Enterprise Institute and the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, among several others—that have promoted U.S. military action against Iran. Singer, who has millions of dollars at stake in the ongoing dispute over Argentina's 2001 debt default, has also directed his largesse toward efforts to link Argentina to Iran, directing millions to right-wing think tanks and politicians that have accused Argentina of abetting an Iranian cover-up of Hezbollah's alleged role in the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires.

-

Although often associated with the passel of foundations that buttress the American right-wing—including, among others, the Scaife, Castle Rock, and Bradley foundations—the Smith...

-

Lee Smith, a writer at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, is perhaps best known for accusing critics of hardline Israeli policies—and U.S. support for them—of being “Jew-baiters.”

-

The Society of Americans for National Existence is an anti-Muslim advocacy group that has spearheaded efforts to get U.S. states to pass laws criminalizing sharia law.

-

This longtime foreign policy hardliner is one of a chorus of rightist voices criticizing the recent agreement between Iran and the U.N. Security Council’s five permanent members (plus Germany) regarding its nuclear program...

-

One of the leading purveyors of anti-Islamic rhetoric in the United States, Robert Spencer has been at the forefront of theatrical efforts to ban sharia law from U.S. courtrooms.

-

As a principle at the rightist William Rosenwald Family Fund and a board member for a host of neoconservative and “pro-Israel” outfits, David Steinmann has worked for decades to channel money to right-wing pressure groups.

-

American economist and Rupert Murdoch confidant Irwin Stelzer has a history of neoconservative activism on both sides of the pond.

-

Bret Stephens, a Wall Street Journal columnist who has long trumpeted a hawkish “pro-Israel” line on Mideast policy, recently penned a satirical op-ed calling on Republicans to vote for Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY) in the next presidential primary, because—he explained—what Republicans need as a “nominee in 2016 is a man of … glaring disqualifications. Someone so nakedly unacceptable to the overwhelming majority of sane Americans that only the GOP could think of nominating him.” Among the issues that mark Paul as a right-wing crazy, according to Stephens, is his insistence that Vice President Dick Cheney helped manufacture a “war in Iraq” for his friends in business and politics. But, asks Stephens, “Cui bono—to whose benefit? It's the signature question of every conspiracy theorist with an unhinged mind. Cheney. Halliburton. Big Oil. The military-industrial complex. Neocons. 9/11. Soldiers electrocuted in the shower. It all makes perfect sense, doesn't it?”

-

Sarah Stern is the founder and president Endowment for Middle East Truth
 and an adviser to the Clarion Fund.

-

Iranian-born writer Amir Taheri has a history of making suspicious claims about Iran that have been used by neoconservatives to bolster the case for attacking that country.

-

<p>Former Senator Jim Talent, a foreign policy adviser to Mitt Romney and stalwart advocate of Pentagon spending, says he would have voted for the Iraq War even if he had known the Bush administration’s claims about WMDs were false.</p>

-

Tom Tancredo, the former House Republican notorious for his anti-immigrant activism, has become a leading promoter of Islamophobic rhetoric in the United States.

-

Tanter, founder of the hawkish Iran Policy Committee, recently revived his arguments for why the U.S. should support the People's Mujahedin Organization (MEK), an Iranian opposition group classified as a terrorist organization by the State Department.

-

Arguably the most notorious attempt by right-wing figures to challenge the authority of the CIA ("Team A") over intelligence—similar to the effort by the Pentagon's Office of...

-

The now-defunct internet magazine Tech Central Station served as a platform for advocates of militarist U.S. foreign policies, and is now published as TCSDaily on the website of the conservative TV program, Ideas in Action.

-

Under it new head, former AIPAC spokesperson Josh Block, The Israel Project has moved away from the global focus it maintained under its former president and toward a more parochial, Washington-centric approach. "There exists today," Block said shortly after taking over the organization, "a well-coordinated and financed, albeit fringe, echo chamber of organizations and individuals ranging from anti-Zionist conspiracists and apologists for Iran, and [for] terrorists like Hamas and Hezbollah, to anti-Israel advocates and those hypocritically and relentlessly critical of Israel, seeking to spread and mainstream distortions and misinformation in pursuit of their misguided and often hostile agenda."

-

A torture apologist and speechwriter for President George W. Bush, Marc Thiessen is a columnist for the Washington Post who has used his perch to advance a number of right-wing talking points on national security. Thiessen recently publicized a misleading claim about President Obama’s White House tenure alleging that the president skipped half of his intelligence briefings, when in reality the president had simply opted to read them rather than have them delivered orally. It was a claim the Post’s own fact checker called specious and “curious.”

-

Failed 2008 presidential candidate and Iraq war booster Fred Thompson has become one of the latest GOP notables to endorse Newt Gingrich for president in 2012.

-

Tommy Thompson, a former governor of Wisconsin and secretary of Health and Human Services under President George W. Bush, is the Republican Party’s 2012 Senate nominee for Wisconsin and a favorite of the Tea Party for his stances on issues like Medicare and Medicaid, which he has promised to end. His record on foreign policy is thin—indeed, the only marginally relevant section on his campaign website concerns the construction of the controversial Keystone XL pipeline, which he argues will help free the United States from the “manipulation” of “hostile” countries. Thompson has also endorsed the U.S. alliance with Israel (despite his history of making insensitive statements about Jews) and warned that a nuclear Iran could choke off the “Gulf” of Hormuz.

-

Conservative author and sometime congressional candidate Kenneth Timmerman has a long history of pushing regime change in Iran and, more recently, a “clash of civilizations” narrative between Christendom and the Muslim Middle East.

-

John Tkacik is a former State Department China officer who has partnered with leading neoconservatives to advocate robust U.S. support for Taiwan.

-

Israeli settlement advocate Alex Traiman is best known as the director of Iranium, an anti-Iran film widely ridiculed for its hearsay and Islamophobia.

-

This Brussels-based organization, founded by the American Jewish Committee, has served as an outlet for neoconservative advocacy in Europe.

-

Since the election of President Obama, this neocon-aligned advocacy group has endeavored to paint itself as a centrist organization, “just the ultimate lobbyists and powerbrokers for a Free and Democratic Lebanon.”

-

Founded to push for the expansion of NATO after the end of the Cold War, the U.S. Committee on NATO was a neoconservative-led initiative closely tied to key Republican Party figures.

-

Congress established the bipartisan U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, or U.S.-China Commission as it is commonly known, in October 2000, as part of the 2001 Defense Authorization...

-

The “nonpartisan” UN Watch, which devotes most of its energy to lambasting UN criticism of Israel, has counted on the financial support of the American Jewish Committee, the Becker Foundation, and a handful of other private donors in recent years.

-

United against Nuclear Iran is a bipartisan pressure group that aims to foil Iran’s purported “ambition to become a regional super-power possessing nuclear weapons,” chiefly by pressuring corporations to stop doing business with Iran and by developing model sanctions legislation for congressional hawks. Despite the election of moderate Hassan Rouhani in Iran and UANI’s recent decision to tap former Obama arms control adviser Gary Samore as its president, the organization has continued to employ confrontational rhetoric.

-

Retired Maj. Gen. Paul E. Vallely is a former military analyst for Fox News and is the host of the conservative radio show, “Stand Up America.”1 Vallely, who serves on the boards of a...

-

Van Cleave is a former Pentagon official who has been closely associated with hawkish advocacy campaigns for decades, including efforts to derail the Obama administration’s passage of a new START Treaty with Russia.

-

A Hoover Institution fellow, Hanson calls 9/11

-

A long-time China hawk, Arthur Waldron claims that the United States must be willing to rollback Chinese influence in Asia or be prepared to sacrifice allies and its reputation.

-

Waller, a neoconservative academic at the Institute of World Politics, uses his blogs to hype purported threats about sharia law and to promote the argument that the United States should “snatch” the founder of WikiLeaks and pursue espionage charges against him.

-

Retired Sen. Malcolm Wallop (R-WY) is an old-school Cold Warrior who continues to promote rightwing defense and foreign policy initiatives as chair of Frontiers of Freedom.

-

The former U.S. “Drug Czar,” John Walters continues to worry about “narcoterrorism” from his perch as an executive at the Hudson Institute.

-

Andrew Walworth is TV producer who served as executive producer of Ideas in Action, a weekly TV program hosted by James Glassman and produced by the George W. Bush Institute and Grace Creek Media.

-

The Washington Free Beacon is a news and commentary site published by the right-wing Center for American Freedom. Modeling itself after liberal blogs like Think Progress, the Beacon has developed a reputation for personal attacks and sensationalistic headlines, often hyping neoconservative narratives. The Beacon's "tabloid-style" coverage led one columnist to lambast the site as "a down-market version of the Weekly Standard."

-

An offshoot of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, the influential Washington Institute for Near East Policy has been a centerpiece of the “Israel Lobby” for decades. The group’s scholars advocate an Israel-centric U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East coupled with an aggressive, interventionist approach to neighboring regimes. In one recent public event, the group’s research director appeared to suggest that the United States manufacture a situation that would require Washington to take military action against Iran in the event that negotiations over its nuclear program failed.

-

Ben Wattenberg, a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and moderator of PBS's Think Tank, was a member of a core group of Democratic Party hawks who, in the 1970s, shifted to the...

-

Former Rep. Vin Weber (R-MN), a policy adviser to Mitt Romney’s 2012 campaign, has supported a number of pro-war advocacy campaigns over the years, including those spearheaded by the Project for the New American Century.

-

Ruth Wedgwood, a SAIS professor and vice chair of the neoconservative Freedom House, is a staunch defender of the "war on terror” who has supported controversial policies that encroach on civil liberties and human rights, including military tribunals, indefinite detention of terrorism suspects, and the PATRIOT Act. Wedgwood has accused Iran of developing nuclear weapons and expressed support for the MEK, a controversial Iranian dissident group long considered a terrorist organization by the U.S. government and likened by its critics to a cult.

-

The Weekly Standard is the flagship journal of neoconservative opinion and activism.

-

A former adviser to President George W. Bush, Wehner has used his perch at the neoconservative Ethics and Public Policy Center to promote militarist U.S. foreign policies and a conservative Christian domestic agenda.

-

Called by some critics a “Catholic neocon” or a “theocon,” George Weigel is a Catholic theologian based at the conservative Ethics and Public Policy Center (EPPC) and a...

-

Hudson Institute CEO Kenneth Weinstein, who once worked as a research director for the organization that helped launch the neoconservative Project for the New American Century, recently rejoined many of his hawkish comrades in signing an open letter calling for increased pressure on Iran in an apparent bid to scuttle an interim accord with Tehran aimed at limiting its nuclear program. Previously, Weinstein lent his name to a 2008 Bipartisan Policy Center report that accused Iran of developing nuclear weapons and called for a U.S. military buildup in the Persian Gulf. In his writings, Weinstein has argued for “preserving American primacy” in the world and criticized multilateral approaches to global security challenges.

-

Since losing his bid for reelection while under investigation for his ties to an arms contractor, former Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) has been able to lobby more openly for defense industry interests, including in Libya.

-

Paul Weyrich, a key strategist of the New Right, passed away on December 18, 2008. He was 66 years old. Sometimes referred to as a “pillar of the modern conservative movement,”...

-

Thomas White is a former Enron executive whose tenure as Secretary of the Army was marked by investigations into his corporate ties and high-profile clashes with Donald Rumsfeld over Iraq planning.

-

Longtime New Republic literary editor Leon Wieseltier has spuriously accused many Western critics of Israel of anti-Semitism. However, Wieseltier himself has grown increasingly frustrated with the right-wing Israeli government of Benjamin Netanyahu, warning recently that “Unless there is a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, there will not be a Jewish state for very long.”

-

Dutch parliamentarian Geert Wilders’ fierce anti-Islamic activism has made him a favorite of the American right.

-

The career of Christopher Williams, who served as a key assistant to former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, exemplifies the revolving door between ideological, policy, and financial circles in Washington. A one-time supporter of various neoconservative initiatives, including the Project for the New American Century and the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq, Williams has also served in numerous high-level government advisory posts while at the same time serving as a Beltway lobbyist for the defense industry. Today, Williams works as a principal of the Horizon Strategies Group, a consulting firm for security contractors seeking government work.

-

Richard Williamson, a former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, was one of the Romney campaign’s more aggressive surrogates on foreign policy, claiming that Romney would put military force on “on the table” to prevent an Iranian “nuclear breakout.”

-

Heather Wilson is a former congresswoman from New Mexico who backed the Bush administration’s efforts in Iraq, helped influence U.S. nuclear weapons policy, and enjoyed the support of defense contractors.

-

Pete Wilson, the former governor of California and a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution, has been an important Republican Party figure for more than three decades, having also served as a U.S....

-

Marshall WIttmann is a longtime Washington operative whose interventionist, “pro-israel” politics have led him to take a variety of positions—including on the staffs of Sens. John McCain and Joseph Lieberman, at the Christian Coalition, and at think tanks espousing various ideological stripes. Now a spokesman for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), Wittman was recently tasked with explaining why AIPAC would stay silent on the nomination of former Sen. Chuck Hagel (R-NE) to head the Defense Department—a nomination other “pro-Israel” groups have made a cause celebré of opposing. Wittman said AIPAC “does not take positions on presidential nominations,” but experienced insiders think the group is reluctant to sacrifice its influence at the Pentagon over a nomination fight it is likely to lose.

-

Veteran Middle East hawk Paul Wolfowitz—a key architect of the Iraq War and a driving force behind George W. Bush’s neoconservative agenda—has emerged as a vocal advocate of intervening in Syria's civil war. Insisting that Syria is "not Iraq in 2003" but rather "Iraq in 1991," Wolfowitz has suggested that Washington can avert a later war in Syria by supporting the country's rebels now, as Wolfowitz says the U.S. should have done for Shia rebels in Iraq in the early 1990s. He asserts that the cause of Syria's rebels "has more sympathy across the Arab world than even the Arab-Israeli issue" and claims that "we would not pay a price for" intervening.

-

James Woolsey, a former CIA director and longtime neoconservative activist associated with a host of hawkish policy outfits, is the chairman of the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Woolsey has recently warned against treating Iranian President Hassan Rouhani as a "moderate," scolded Edward Snowden for giving "classified information" to "Mr. and Mrs. America" as well as "people who are enemies of the United States," and called for a "surgical strike" against North Korea to prevent the country from launching an "electromagnetic pulse" (EMP) attack against the United States—a scenario attributed by one observer to the wild imaginations of "cranks and threat inflators."

-

A “pro-Israel” hawk and former Dick Cheney adviser who once championed taking the “war on terror” to Latin America, David Wurmser now promotes Israeli natural gas interests and supports a strike on Iran.

-

Longtime neoconservative activist Meyrav Wurmser has spoken out against a nuclear-weapons-free zone in the Middle East and worked with organizations that have contributed to the spread of Islamophobia in the United States and abroad.

-

David Yerushalmi, a hardline anti-Muslim activist and the founder of the Society of Americans for National Existence, has been described as a “white supremacist” and a “Jewish fascist.”

-

John Yoo, a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and professor at the University of California-Berkeley, is a former Justice Department official who helped author the Bush administration's infamous “torture memos." Yoo has continued to defend the Bush administration's more controversial policies, speciously arguing on the tenth anniversary of the invasion of Iraq that unless the war's critics are willing to restore the Baath Party to power in Iraq, they must concede "that on balance, the benefits of the war outweigh the costs." Yoo has also defended the Obama administration's targeted assassination program, including targeting U.S. citizens.

-

<p>Mitt Romney adviser Dov Zakheim is a retired defense contractor executive and Pentagon official whose views on foreign policy appear to veer between hardnosed realism and neoconservatism.</p>

-

Karl Zinsmeister, head of President George W. Bush's Domestic Policy Council, has worked at the American Enterprise Institute and the Philanthropy Roundtable.

-

Established in Baltimore in 1897, the Zionist Organization of America (ZOA) is the oldest Zionist organization in the United States. Facing declining membership in a crowded “pro-Israel” Washington establishment, ZOA has attempted to rejuvenate itself by staking out hardline positions on Iran, Egypt, and the Occupied Palestinian Territories. The ostensibly nonpartisan group’s rightward drift has increasingly linked it exclusively to the Republican Party, as evidenced by a slate of awards it gave last year to Michele Bachmann, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, and Glenn Beck. However, the group was forced to cancel its annual fundraising gala this year as a result of losing its tax-exempt status after failing to file financial disclosures for three consecutive years.

-

Mitt Romney’s decision to appoint Robert Zoellick, the former president of the World Bank and the George W. Bush administration’s trade representative, as head of his presidential campaign’s national security transition team has caused a severe backlash among neoconservatives worried that Zoellick is more realist than hawk. However, according to some observers, the Romney team’s subsequent efforts to play down Zoellick’s influence has more to do with investigations into alleged corruption at the World Bank during Zoellick’s tenure than his purported softness on China and other national security issues.

Share RightWeb

Featured Profiles

For media inquiries,
email .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)
or call 202-234-9382.

From the Wires

April, 15 2014

A recent resolution passed by the European Parliament promoting renewed engagement between Iran and the EU has angered Iran because it scrutinizes Tehran's human rights record and calls on EU diplomats to meet with Iranian dissidents.


April, 13 2014

A new book argues that President Harry Truman, the U.S. president who first recognized the state of Israel, was skeptical of a Jewish-led state, preferring instead a joint Jewish-Arab federation in Palestine.


April, 09 2014

In its report on GOP mega-donor Paul Singer's financial support for gay rights causes, the Washington Post neglected to mention Singer's potentially greater support for hardline neoconservative foreign policy outfits.


April, 07 2014

Although Palestinians have sought to pressure Israel by applying for membership in a host of international organizations, they have so far refrained from joining the International Criminal Court, which would enable them to bring war crimes cases against Israel.


April, 01 2014

Israeli-Palestinian peace talks may serve the interests of political leaders in Washington, Ramallah, and Tel Aviv, but they appear doomed to failure.


March, 31 2014

A recent report by a Brookings scholar recommends passing a congressional authorization for war in the event that Iran abandons nuclear negotiations with the west.


March, 31 2014

The United States appears to have dropped a key Israeli demand that Iran 'confess' to past nuclear weapons research—which Iran has denied conducting—as a condition for a future deal.


RightWeb
share