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The 1992 draft Defense Planning Guidance (DPG), crafted by then-Defense Department staffers I. Lewis Libby, Paul Wolfowitz, and Zalmay Khalilzad, is widely regarded as an early formulation of the...

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A Lebanese-American investment banker closely tied to many neoconservative figures, Abdelnour wants the United States or Israel to “annihilate” Hezbollah.

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Despite his checkered track record—which includes a criminal conviction for lying to Congress during the Reagan-era Iran-Contra affair—neoconservative Elliott Abrams retains a post at the Council on Foreign Relations.

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Rachel Abrams was a member of a well-established neoconservative family who blogged for the Weekly Standard and served as a board member of the Emergency Committee for Israel.

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Academi LLC is a controversial private military contractor that was formerly called Blackwater Worldwide and later Xe Services LLC.

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David Addington, an author of the “torture memos” and other controversial legal documents while serving as an aide and counsel to Vice President Dick Cheney, is vice president of the conservative Heritage Foundation.

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Although favorably inclined toward philanthropy, Carol Adelman has offered misleading assessments about the magnitude of U.S. charitable giving and foreign aid.

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A longtime Washington insider closely aligned with neoconservatives, Ken Adelman has served several Republican administrations since the mid-1970s and was a vocal proponent of the invasion of Iraq.

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Casino magnate Sheldon Adelson is an important financial backer of right-wing “pro-Israel” groups in the United States and elsewhere in the world, as well as a prominent supporter of key Israeli Likud Party figures.

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Harold Agnew is a nuclear physicist who worked on both the creation of the first atomic weapons and on the project to build the hydrogen bomb. As a young member of the Manhattan Project, Agnew flew...

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An Iranian-American writer who supports a U.S. attack on Iran, Sohrab Ahmari has been described as “the neocons’ favorite Iranian” and likened to Iraq’s Ahmed Chalabi.

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Akins, a former U.S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia and advisor to the hawkish Iran Policy Committee, helped play a role forging elite Middle East consensus over Israel during the 1970s and foresaw the popular backlash in the region over U.S. policies.

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Ensconced at the conservative Hoover Institution, this former member of Donald Rumsfeld’s Defense Policy Board now seems to spend much of his time distressing over President Obama and venerating the memory of Ronald Reagan...

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The Alliance for a Strong America is a hawkish advocacy group founded by Dick and Liz Cheney.

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The American Center for Democracy is a neoconservative-linked nonprofit that claims to be “exposing and monitoring threats to the national security of the U.S. and Western democracies.”

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The American Committee for Peace in the Caucasus is an alliance of neoconservatives, liberal hawks, and peace activists working toward greater autonomy in the Caucasus, primarily with an eye to weakening Russia for U.S. strategic benefit.

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The American Committee for Peace in the Caucasus is an alliance of neoconservatives, liberal hawks, and peace activists working toward greater autonomy in the Caucasus, primarily with an eye to weakening Russia for U.S. strategic benefit.

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A core member of the Old Right, the ACU has helped drive the Republican Party further right since the election of President Obama.

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The Washington-based American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research has been a leading member of the neoconservative advocacy community for several decades, hosting a bevy of Iraq War architects and former Bush administration officials.

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From its support for Salvadoran death squads to its enthusiasm for sanctions on Iran and an aggressive “war on terror,” the American Foreign Policy Council has pushed a hawkish agenda on foreign affairs since its founding in 1982.

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The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) is a leading member of the U.S. “Israel lobby.”

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Once described as the “heart and soul of the military-industrial complex,” the American Security Council was an influential old-guard conservative group during the early Cold War that latter served as a key institutional vehicle for anti-détente militarism.

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The American Turkish Council is an influential beltway organization chaired by former Bush Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage that serves as a conduit for U.S.-Turkish relations despite being marred by scandals involving bribery of government officials.

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About . Founded in 2001 by then-Bradley Foundation head Michael Joyce at the behest of Karl Rove, George W. Bush's personal adviser, Americans for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise...

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Americans for Peace and Tolerance is a Boston-based advocacy group founded by "pro-Israel" and anti-Islamic activist Charles Jacobs.

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Founded shortly after 9/11, the Claremont Institute-based Americans for Victory over Terrorism champions “victory” in the “war on terrorism,” in part by promoting “research about Islam and Islamism” and “attacking those who would blame America first.”

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Amitay has been a key “pro-Israel” lobbyist for decades, serving as head of American Israeli Public Affairs Committee and chair of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs.

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Anderson is a fellow at the Hoover Institution and a veteran foreign policy hawk whose career has included serving four Republican presidents.

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The new owner of neocon mouthpiece the Weekly Standard is an Evangelical business tycoon whose media holdings provide a powerful voice for his rightwing views on taxes, national security, and family values.

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Applebaum, a program director at the London-based Legatum Institute and a former American Enterprise Institute fellow, writes a column for the Washington Post in which she has revealed an on-again-off-again affinity for U.S. military interventions, including pushing the idea that President Obama must be prepared to go to war with Iran.

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The Israel-based Ariel Center for Policy Research is a right-wing advocacy and research institute founded in 1997 that espouses a militant ideology and is associated with conservative “pro-Israel” advocacy groups in the United States.

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An academic center of the American conservative movement, the Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs has been a vigorous defender of the war on terrorism and an unequivocal supporter for Israel.

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Former attorney general John Ashcroft is closely associated with some of the Bush administration’s more controversial counterterrorism policies.

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Ashton Carter is an academic and longtime Pentagon bureaucrat who served as deputy secretary of defense in the Barack Obama administration.

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Akbar Atri, an exiled Iranian-American activist and a self-appointed spokesman for the Iranian student movement, has affiliated himself with several neoconservative pressure groups pushing regime change in Iran.

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Former Lockheed Martin CEO Norman Augustine embodies the connections among the defense industry, hardline pressure groups, and hawkish think tanks.

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Tea Party favorite Rep. Michele Bachmann has become a willing mouthpiece on Capitol Hill for Islamophobic-driven conspiracy theories, including the suggestion that a close aide to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is connected to the Muslim Brotherhood.

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Kathleen Bailey is a former U.S. arms control official and a senior associate at the National Institute for Public Policy, a hawkish think tank based in Washington, D.C, that has been home to a number of outspoken proponents of aggressive U.S. strategic weapons policies.

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Attorney general under President George H.W. Bush, William Barr has been a prominent conservative activist for decades.

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Christian Zionist leader and former GOP presidential candidate Gary Bauer is among several right-wing leaders who have called for investigations into whether the U.S. government has been infiltrated by Islamic extremists.

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Human rights specialist Anne Bayefsky has carved out a niche lambasting the UN Human Rights Council for not meshing with her “pro-Israel” politics.

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Gary Becker was a conservative, Nobel Prize-winning economist known for applying economic theory to traditionally sociological concerns.

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A longtime right-wing activist, Bell sees the Tea Party and social conservatism as being at heart a single movement based on what he terms “America’s founding values.”

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This now defunct speakers bureau and PR firm played an important role promoting neoconservative voices in the U.S. media after 9/11.

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Benador Public Relations is the successor company to Benador Associates, a PR firm that played a key role promoting major neoconservative figures during the first George W. Bush administration.

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A publicist who helped promote a plank of neoconservative writers after 9/11, Benador argues that the United States is being invaded by Muslims, that President Obama “and his people” committed “high treason” in his response to the killing of Afghan civilians by a U.S. soldier, and that Americans are suffering from an “endless deteriorating reality.”

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Gabriel Benador is the associate director of Benador Public Relations, the successor firm to Benador Associates, a public relations company that served as a key promoter of neoconservative ideologues after the 9/11 attacks and during the run up to the invasion of Iraq.

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Former Reagan official and longtime conservative pundit Bill Bennett has used his radio program to hype the views of his former colleagues at the Project for a New American Century.

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Jeffrey Bergner is a corporate lobbyist and longtime supporter of neoconservative groups like the Hudson Institute and the Project for the New American Century.

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Ilan Berman is vice president of the American Foreign Policy Council, a think tank that promotes hawkish security polices and appears to be closely associated with the U.S. “Israel Lobby.”

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The Bipartisan Coalition for American Security is a nonprofit advocacy group founded to promote American “global leadership,” a robust U.S. defense budget, and an active and interventionist U.S. foreign policy.

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The ostensibly centrist Bipartisan Policy Center has played an important role in shifting Beltway rhetoric on Iran to the hawkish right.

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Cofer Black is a former CIA officer and Blackwater executive who worked on Mitt Romney’s 2008 and 2012 presidential campaigns, earning the moniker as the former governor’s “trusted envoy to the dark side.”

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The erstwhile media mogul and conservative writer, Black was recently released from prison—after serving just over two years of his six-year sentence for fraud convictions—as a result of a U.S. Supreme Court ruling that limited the effect of a federal fraud law.

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Josh Block, a self-described progressive Democrat who gained notoriety for accusing Democratic critics of Israel of “borderline anti-Semitism,” now helms The Israel Project, a neoconservative-leaning lobby group that pushes a hard line on the Middle East.

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Dan Blumenthal is an Asia specialist based at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute.

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John Bolton, the notorious hardliner who served as President Bush’s UN ambassador, is a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute.

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Bonazzi is the executive director of the neoconservative-aligned European Foundation for Democracy, based in Brussels.

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Max Boot is a neoconservative military historian based at the Council on Foreign Relations.

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Bork, a project director at the Foreign Policy Initiative and the daughter of former Supreme Court justice nominee Robert Bork, has used her perch at FPI to continue the time-honored neoconservative tactic of organizing elite public sign-on letters to pressure public figures.

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Robert Bork, a one-time Supreme Court nominee and right-wing icon, passed away in December 2012.

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The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation (“the Bradley Foundation”) has been called "the country's largest and most influential right-wing organization" because of the volume...

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Paul Bremer is a former diplomat who served as the Bush administration's envoy in postwar Iraq.

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Elliott Broidy is an Israeli-American investor who chairs the Bipartisan Council for American Security.

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New York Times columnist David Brooks espouses moderate views on domestic issues but tacks to the neoconservative right on foreign policy.

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Linton Brooks is a former arms control negotiator and energy undersecretary who was instrumental in charting an aggressive U.S. nuclear posture during the George W. Bush administration.

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Matt Brooks is the executive director of the Republican Jewish Coalition.

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A right-wing Christian and governor of Kansas, Brownback previously served in the U.S. Senate, where he gained a reputation as a leading social conservative as well as an outspoken “pro-Israel” hawk on U.S. Middle East policy.

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The late Mark Broxmeyer, an erstwhile Long Island real estate mogul, was a major fundraiser for the neoconservative Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, along with a host of Republican Party initiatives.

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Following her acrimonious departure from JINSA, “pro-Israel” hawk Shoshana Bryen will carry on her advocacy efforts at the conservative Jewish Policy Center.

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Stephen Bryen has played an important role forging connections between right-wing advocacy groups, conservative policy elites, weapons contractors, and the U.S. “pro-Israel” lobby.

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Christopher Burnham is a former State Department official who worked as an adviser to former Gov. Mitt Romney’s 2012 presidential campaign.

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Jeb Bush is the former Republican governor of Florida and a founding signatory of the Project for the New American Century.

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Herman Cain, a former GOP presidential nomination, has expressed a number of hawkish foreign policy positions, even if he tends to be rather hazy on the details.

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The Pentagon’s first-ever undersecretary of defense for intelligence—the “defense intelligence czar”—Stephen Cambone was closely involved in Pentagon efforts to loosen interrogation guidelines for “war on terror” detainees.

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Rep. Eric Cantor (R-VA), outgoing Republican House Majority Leader, has been among the most strident Israel boosters and foreign policy hawks in Congress.

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President Reagan’s Pentagon chief and an alleged conspirator in the assassination of former DRC Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba, Frank Carlucci now serves as an attack dog for Mitt Romney’s presidential campaign.

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The conservative Democrat from Pennsylvania who served two terms in Congress now works for the same defense contractor—BAE Systems—that he assisted in gaining Pentagon contracts while in office.

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Castle Rock Foundation . The Castle Rock Foundation (CRF), a major supporter of the Heritage Foundation and other rightist institutions and causes, is an outgrowth of the Adolph Coors Foundation,...

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A go-to security policy think tank for the Obama administration, the Center for a New American Security is staffed with a host counterinsurgency enthusiasts, some of whom have supported neoconservative-led policy campaigns.

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The Center for American Freedom, a neoconservative advocacy group, publishes the Washington Free Beacon, a “combat journalism” outlet designed to counter the supposedly liberal media elite.

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Frank Gaffney’s Center for Security Policy, a prominent member of the neoconservative advocacy community, has promoted extravagant weapons programs and an expansive “war on terror.”

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Ahmed Chalabi is a controversial Iraqi political figure known for his deep ties to U.S. neoconservatives and his efforts to promote the U.S. invasion of Iraq.

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The former secretary of labor has returned to the Heritage Foundation, where she worked before being tapped by George W. Bush in 2001...

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Although perhaps best known for her anti-labor views, conservative activist (and former Labor Secretary nominee) Linda Chavez has a long track record of backing neoconservative causes.

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Former Vice President Dick Cheney has been among the most stringent advocates of waging war overseas and loosening controls on the conduct of the executive branch.

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The daughter of former Vice President Dick Cheney, Liz Cheney has emerged as the most visible advocate of hardline security policies in the Cheney family.

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Lynne Cheney is a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute who writes on American history and culture.

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Romney adviser Michael Chertoff, a former secretary of homeland security, has aggressively defended the Bush administration’s prosecution of the “war on terror,” including its controversial detention of Arab and Muslim immigrants who were never charged with any crimes.

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Created in early 2006 by Christian Right leader John Hagee, the influential evangelical pastor of the Cornerstone Church in San Antonio, Texas, Christians United for Israel (CUFI) is a Christian...

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A bastion of conservative scholarship and advocacy, the Claremont Institute hosts a number of programs that push hawkish foreign policies.

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A controversial activist group closely connected to anti-Islamic political factions, the Clarion Project has released films and publications that attack “Radical Islam” and call into question the trustworthiness of all Muslims.

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Patrick Clawson is director of research at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, a spin-off of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee that is known for promoting hawkish U.S. policies in the Middle East.

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Founded by AIPAC heavyweight Morris Amitay, the Coalition for Democracy in Iran is a defunct pressure group that helped push anti-Iran resolutions through Congress.

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A neoconservative academic based at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Cohen served as an adviser to President George W. Bush as well as to the 2012 Mitt Romney presidential campaign.

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Former Sen. Norm Coleman (R-MN), a board member of the Republican Jewish Coalition, has advocated bypassing the United Nations and arming the Syrian opposition.

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The Committee for the Liberation of Iraq (CLI) was a short-lived yet influential group of hawkish Beltway think-tankers and politicians who came together at the behest of the George W. Bush...

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The Committee on the Present Danger (CPD) is a neoconservative Cold War-era pressure group the was re-launched in 2004 to focus on the “war on terror.”

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Concerned Women for America is a right-wing Christian advocacy group that pushes conservative viewpoints on social, economic, and foreign policy issues.

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The former director of the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative and a key right-wing opponent of Obama administration arms control initiatives, Cooper was recently given the “Ronald Reagan Missile Defense Award” by the Department of Defense’s Strategic Defense Initiative.

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The Council for a Community of Democracies, a U.S-based NGO dedicated to advancing the positions of the intergovernmental organization Community of Democracies, touts U.S. exceptionalism while urging international cooperation in toppling undemocratic regimes.

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Members of the Reagan-era Council for National Policy continue to help shape the U.S. political landscape even as the right-wing group maintains a cloak of secrecy over its activities and membership rolls.

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Cowan, a Fox News contributor and former military intelligence officer, is a member of the military committee of the Iran Policy Committee.

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Christopher Cox served as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the second term of the George W. Bush administration; prior to that, he represented California in the House of...

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Cropsey is a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, where he writes screeds accusing President Obama of “appeasing” America’s enemies and attacking his efforts at rapprochement with the Muslim world.

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Military contractor CEO J.D. Crouch II is a former deputy national security adviser and assistant to President George W. Bush who helped develop the “troop surge” in Iraq.

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Although better known for his domestic platform promoting “limited” government, Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) has expressed strong sympathies for projecting U.S. military power abroad.

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Dinesh D’Souza, a high-profile conservative writer and academic, is notorious for his right-wing “culture warrior” writings, as well as for his xenophobic insinuations about President Barack Obama.

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John Danilovich, a retired diplomat and corporate executive, has worked to use U.S. foreign aid to push countries to make reforms that reflect “American values.”

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Jaime Daremblum directs the Center for Latin American Studies at the neoconservative Hudson Institute.

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Midge Decter, a controversial writer and activist who is a member of the influential neoconservative Podhoretz family, is known for her diatribes against feminism as well her hawkish foreign policy views.

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When its tax-exempt status got in the way of aggressive lobbying, the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies created a new organization called Defense of Democracies, whose first project was a controversial ad campaign that raised concerns about partisanship.

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Former Sen. Jim DeMint (R-SC), a Tea Party firebrand, is the president of the conservative Heritage Foundation.

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The Democratic Leadership Council, which closed shop in 2011, was at the forefront of efforts to push the Democratic Party to adopt more conservative domestic policies and remain supportive of hawkish, Israel-centric Mideast policies.

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Christopher DeMuth served as president of the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), a key intellectual recruiting ground for the George W. Bush presidency and a preeminent think tank of...

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Ron Dermer is the Israeli ambassador to the United States and a close confidante of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

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A neoconservative media consultant and former AIPAC spokesperson, Toby Dershowitz is vice president of the Likud-linked Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

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About . The Deterrence Concepts Advisory Panel (DCAP) was established by the Bush administration to oversee production of the president's Nuclear Posture Review, which is a classified study...

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Since Jackson Diehl took over as the Washington Post’s deputy editorial page editor in 2001, the newspaper’s editorial slant has become increasingly hawkish and conservative.

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Thomas Dine, former director of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, has supported both moderate and hawkish Mideast policy campaigns.

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Dobriansky, a Bush administration undersecretary of state and supporter of the Project for a New American Century’s militarist advocacy campaigns, is a fellow at Harvard’s Belfer Center and adviser to the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

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A major figure in U.S. organized labor, Donahue was an ardent anti-communist during the Cold War.

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Thomas Donnelly is a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute who thinks that U.S. military power and interventionism are the only guarantors of global stability.

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A former Bush administration foreign policy adviser, Michael Doran is a fellow at the Brookings Institution who has promoted U.S. “regime change” strategies directed at a host of countries in the Middle East.

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Mark Dubowitz, an oft-quoted Iran hawk, is the executive director of the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

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The Ann Arbor-based Earhart Foundation, perhaps best known for its support of several Nobel-winning economists, is arguably one of the least understood foundations in U.S. philanthropy. It appears to...

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Nicholas Eberstadt is a conservative political economist and demographer based at the American Enterprise Institute.

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A longtime defense industry executive, Stanley Ebner has also supported the hawkish Center for Security Policy.

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Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA) is the chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and a staunch supporter of sanctions on Iran.

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Eric Edelman, undersecretary for defense in the George W. Bush administration and a board member of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative, has long been associated with hawkish factions in U.S. politics, advising the likes of Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, and Mitt Romney.

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Edward “Pete” Aldridge, a former defense industry executive and government adviser on arms control issues, embodied the “revolving door” between the Pentagon and the defense industry during the Bush administration, approving and counseling Pentagon acquisitions that benefited the corporations he worked for.

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Rachel Ehrenfeld is a controversial neoconservative writer and the founder of the American Center for Democracy.

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The Emergency Committee for Israel is a U.S.-based pressure group aligned with the Israeli right wing that has pushed the United States to attack Iran and smeared critics of hawkish Israeli policies.

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Despite his history of making questionable claims, self-proclaimed terrorism “expert” Steve Emerson has made a lucrative career warning about terrorist threats and condemning Islamists.

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Despite many challenges to its credibility, the work of this Congressional commission continues be cited by hardliners to revive Cold War-era fears of nuclear annihilation and justify aggressive policies toward Iran and North Korea.

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The now-defunct Empower America, a right-wing pressure group founded by former Education Secretary William Bennett in 1993, was the predecessor to the Tea Party-aligned FreedomWorks.

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An “unabashedly pro-Israel and pro-American think tank,” EMET promotes the work of “pro-Israel” hawks in Washington, stokes fear of Islam and Muslims, and advocates a militarist U.S. posture toward the Middle East.

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Former weapons contractor executive Gordon England, Paul Wolfowitz’s replacement at the Pentagon in the second George W. Bush administration, has spent his years out of government stumping for costly weapons systems.

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The post-Senate perch of Rick Santorum, EPPC sits at the crossroads of faith-based politics and hawkish neoconservativism.

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The idiosyncratic social theorist and founder of the Communitarian Network thinks the United States should bomb Iran and “unshackle” the troops in Afghanistan.

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Under a banner of tolerance and diversity, EFD works to promote hawkish security policies in Europe, the Middle East, and beyond.

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Michael D. Evans is a prominent Christian evangelical author whose works promote a hardline Christian Zionist1 view of Middle East peace issues in which defending Israel is seen as a Christian duty...

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Mark Falcoff, long an avid backer of U.S. intervention in Latin America, thinks Venezuela is headed for civil war if President Hugo Chavez dies.

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Affiliated with Frank Gaffney’s Center for Security Policy, Family Security Matters offers hawkish, anti-Islamic rhetoric under the guise of “empowering” Americans and protecting families.

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The Federalist Society, initially designed as a conservative alternative to the National Lawyers Guild, has blossomed into a powerful and influential group whose agenda includes promoting hardline anti-terror policies.

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A former Pentagon official whose office generated faulty information that was used to push the United States toward war with Iraq, Feith is now at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, where he advocates hawkish strategic weapons policies.

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Edwin Feulner is the cofounder and former president of the right-wing Heritage Foundation.

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Described by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), where she served on the board, as “a prominent Republican Party activist,” Finley worked for many years as a Washington,...

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A former CIA officer who now works as an editor for a right-wing news group, Fleitz argues that diplomacy on Iran is no longer an option, worries that Syria might transfer nuclear weapons-related material to terrorists, and appears none too happy about Right Web’s efforts to publicize his advocacy of militarist foreign policies or his alleged role in the “PlameGate” affair.

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Michele Flournoy is a former undersecretary of defense for policy in the Obama administration who co-founded the “liberal hawk” Center for a New American Security.

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Jamie Fly, a former adviser to the George W. Bush administration, was the executive director of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative before being tapped by Sen. Marco Rubio to “counselor for foreign and national security affairs.”

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A retired U.S. Air Force general and defense industry executive, Fogleman has been a long time government adviser on defense and security policy.

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Malcolm Stevenson “Steve” Forbes Jr., head of the Forbes magazine empire, is an active supporter of a number of militarist policy organizations that have pushed for an expansive...

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The Foreign Policy Initiative, founded in 2009 by a host of neoconservative figures, helps lead beltway advocacy of militaristic and Israel-centric U.S. foreign policies.

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The Foreign Policy Research Institute is a conservative foreign policy think tank based in Philadelphia.

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The Forgotten American Coalition was a short-lived letterhead group founded in 2007 to rally religious conservatives against U.S. withdrawal from Iraq.

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Forstmann, a high-powered business executive who is considered a pioneer of modern corporate buyouts, has supported the work of various neoconservative groups.

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Randall Fort, a former corporate officer with Goldman Sachs and program director at TRW's space and defense groups, served as assistant secretary for intelligence and research in the State...

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About The so-called Foster Panel--after its head, John S. Foster, Jr.--was established at the urging of Sen. Jon Kyl by the fiscal year 1999 Defense Authorization Act to report on the safety and...

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John Foster, Jr., a nuclear physicist who has worked in the U.S. nuclear weapons complex since the early atomic era, is a longtime proponent of a robust U.S. nuclear arsenal and has been a participant in several militarist advocacy campaigns.

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A purportedly 'non-partisan' policy institute that aims to defend democracies from 'militant Islamism,' the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) is an influential base of hawkish advocacy on Middle East policy.

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The Foundation for Democracy in Iran, whose president has alleged that Iran was involved in the 9/11 attacks, frequently attackes Iranian-Americans who don’t share its hawkish views about the Islamic Republic.

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Hillel Fradkin directs the Center for Islam, Democracy, and the Future of the Muslim World at the neoconservative Hudson Institute.

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Although no longer as closely associated with neoconservative activism as it was during much of the last few decades, Freedom House continues to support campaigns aligned with hawkish factions in U.S. politics.

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Freedom Watch, a pressure group led by right-wing activist Larry Klayman, promotes a hodgepodge of conservative foreign and domestic polices, claiming to be “the only political advocacy group that speaks through actions, rather than just words.”

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Freedom’s Watch was a pro-Iraq War advocacy group supported by prominent Republican Party donors that worked to counter flagging public support for the “war on terror.”

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FreedomWorks is one of several establishment Republican Party groups that have endeavored to claim the mantle of the Tea Party.

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Following a brief stint as Dick Cheney’s deputy national security advisor, Friedberg returned to Princeton, where he specializes in East Asian security issues.

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David Frum, a former speechwriter for George W. Bush credited with coining the phrase “axis of evil,” is a Daily Beast writer who has grown increasingly disenchanted with the Republican Party.

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Francis Fukuyama, a political scientist best known for his controversial "end of history" thesis, avidly supported the Iraq War but later became a high-profile critic of the neoconservative movement.

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Brigette Gabriel, an anti-Islamic author and activist, is the founder of the right-wing group ACT! for America.

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Devon Gaffney Cross, a longstanding neoconservative activist, has reemerged as a supporter of Texas Governor Rick Perry’s presidential campaign and member of the heavily criticized advocacy group Secure America Now.

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Frank Gaffney, director of the hardline neoconservative Center for Security Policy, is a longtime advocate of aggressive U.S. foreign policies, bloated military budgets, and confrontation with the Islamic world.

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Jay Garner is a former U.S. army general who briefly oversaw U.S. reconstruction efforts in postinvasion Iraq.

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The brainchild of Sears-Roebuck heiress Nina Rosenwald, the Gatestone Institute is a New York-based advocacy organization that is tied to neoconservative and other right-wing networks in the United States and Europe.

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Jeffrey Gedmin, an early supporter of the Bush administration’s neoconservative agenda, has focused in recent years on soft-power tactics, including “surrogate broadcasting” and free-trade agreements.

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Pamela Geller is a controversial anti-Islam activist who writes the far-right blog Atlas Shrugs.

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Robert P. George is a social conservative activist and academic who was once dubbed "this country’s most influential conservative Christian thinker."

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Reuel Marc Gerecht, a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, has been advocating regime change in Iran since even before 9/11.

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Carl Gershman is the longtime head of the National Endowment for Democracy, the controversial “democracy promotion” foundation funded by the U.S. government.

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Mark Gerson, author of the 1996 book The Neoconservative Vision, an oft-cited sycophantic book about the roots and trajectory of the political faction, is CEO of Gerson Lehrman Group, a consulting firm of global experts.

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A conservative syndicated columnist who writes regularly for the Washington Post, Gerson’s track record includes coining the phrase “axis of evil” and developing the Bush administration’s messaging on the Iraq War.

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Farid Ghadry, founder of the pro-regime change Reform Party of Syria, has been likened to a Syrian Ahmed Chalabi, in part because of his close relations with U.S. neoconservatives.

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The former GOP presidential candidate and Speaker of the House has been a vociferous proponent of the idea that the America faces an existential threat from “Islamofascists.”

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Lauded as “America’s Mayor” for his perceived public leadership in the aftermath of 9/11, Rudy Giuliani has used the terrorist attacks as a basis for his hawkish foreign policy views, like threatening to “bomb the hell out of” Iran.

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Conservative journalist and diplomat best known for his prediction, made just before the stock market dropped, that the Dow Jones was on the verge of a tremendous upsurge, James Glassman is a former American Enterprise Institute fellow who hosts the TV show Ideas in Action and directs the George W. Bush Institute.

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An editor for the right-wing Jerusalem Post and fellow at the neocon Center for Security Policy, Glick has recently gotten into the parody business, producing a video that makes light of the people killed during the Israeli raid on the Palestinian peace flotilla.

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Global Governance Watch (GGW) is a joint initiative of two influential rightist groups, the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and the Federalist Society. GGW was founded in 2008 with the mission...

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A writer for The Atlantic who served in the Israeli military, Jeffrey Goldberg is a liberal hawk who has supported confrontational U.S. policies towards Iraq, Iran, and Syria.

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Michael Goldfarb is a neoconservative pundit, activist, and consultant who has proven adept at funneling anonymous Republican donations into high-profile advocacy efforts.

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Gompert, a former vice president of the RAND Corporation known for his hawkish views on defense, served briefly as President Barack Obama’s acting director of national intelligence before becoming a director at Pentagon contractor Global Integrated Security.

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J.D. Gordon, a former Navy spokesperson and Pentagon PR officer, is a right-wing beltway lobbyist who served as foreign policy adviser to the Herman Cain campaign.

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Daniel Gouré is vice president of the Lexington Institute, a conservative, defense-oriented think tank that is closely tied to military contractors.

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Grace Park Media has produced a number of rightist TV shows and documentaries, including a documentary on the history of neoconservatism written by a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and James Glassman’s Ideas in Action.

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Although sometimes characterized as a Republican “maverick” for his bipartisan forays into domestic policy, Lindsey Graham (R-SC) is one of the Senate’s more vocal hawks.

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Former EMP Commission chairman William R. Graham has been a key member of the missile defense lobby for over three decades while at the same time serving as an executive to many defense contractors.

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Chris Griffin, the executive director the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative, has also worked as a legislative director for Sen. Joe Lieberman and as a research fellow at the American Enterprise Institute research.

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Groundswell is an informal alliance of conservative activists, journalists, and policymakers seeking to coordinate right-wing messaging across a host of issues.

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Stephen Hadley, an Iraq War hawk and former national security adviser to President George W. Bush, now chairs the U.S. Institute for Peace.

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John Hagee is a controversial Christian Right leader who is the pastor of an evangelical “megachurch” in San Antonio, Texas. Hagee is also the founder of Christians United for Israel...

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John Hannah, an Iraq War booster who worked as an aide to VP Cheney, has become a leading neoconservative voice for regime change in Syria.

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A controversial opponent of legal representation for “war on terror” detainees, Aaron Harison is now the president of the neoconservative Center for American Freedom.

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Before his death on October 24, 2007, Norman Hascoe served as president of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA), a neoconservative-aligned advocacy outfit that strives to link...

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Former CIA director Michael Hayden has been a stalwart advocate of the Bush record on torture and warrantless wiretapping.

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Kerry Healey helped recruit Mitt Romney into Massachusetts politics and was a trusted foreign policy adviser to his presidential campaigns.

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A bastion of trans-Atlantic neoconservatism and Islamophobia, the UK-based Henry Jackson Society promotes “regime change” in Iran and hardline "pro-Israel" policies in the Middle East.

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The Heritage Foundation, a mainstay of the right-wing advocacy community, has since the Cold War pressured the United States to adopt militaristic U.S. foreign policies.

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Hiatt, the Washington Post’s “liberal hawk” editorial page editor, says that he is opposed to the efforts of some of his contributors—like neoconservative pundit Jennifer Rubin—to demonize opponents by referring to their “mental health,” but he apparently sees no reason to “censor” them.

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High Frontier, a pressure group pushing for “Star Wars” missile defense systems, has deep connections to defense contractors, government officials, and prominent neoconservatives.

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Charles Hill is a former diplomat who has used his Foreign Service experience to craft a worldview friendly to neoconservatives.

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Gertrude Himmelfarb, widow of the late neoconservative trailblazer Irving Kristol and mother of Weekly Standard editor William Kristol, is a conservative historian who has prescribed Victorian notions of morality as an antidote to a host of social ills.

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Ayaan Hirsi Ali is a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute who has a made a career denouncing Islam.

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. Amoretta Hoeber, an advisor to the Frank Gaffney-run Center for Security Policy, runs a small Maryland-based defense consultancy firm. Hoeber is a former Reagan-era defense official who has been...

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Kim Holmes, a longtime foreign policy director at the right-wing Heritage Foundation, promotes increased defense budgets and “American exceptionalism.”

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The Stanford University-based Hoover Institution has served for decades as an outside-the-beltway home for Republican Party apparatchiks and as an important source of militarist policy proposals.

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China scholar Charles Horner, a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, see a looming conflict between China and the Islamic world.

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Horowitz, an ex-lefty known for making vitriolic attacks on his former comrades, has turned the demonization of Muslims into a lucrative enterprise

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Rachelle Horowitz is a longtime social democrat who helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington but later drifted toward hawkish anticommunism and supported the war in Iraq.

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The Hudson Institute is part of a closely-knit group of neoconservative policy institutes that champion aggressive and Israel-centric U.S. foreign policies.

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Huntsman, the millionaire scion of the Huntsman chemical empire, is a former Utah governor who served as President Obama’s first ambassador to China and was a candidate for the 2012 GOP presidential nomination.

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Ideas in Action is a rightist TV program co-produced by the George W. Bush Institute and Grace Creek Media that often features prominent neoconservatives opining on U.S. domestic and foreign policy.

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Fred Iklé, a distinguished scholar at the Washington, DC-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and a former defense undersecretary, is an erstwhile Cold Warrior who has...

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The Immigration Reform Caucus is a mostly Republican coalition of House members that has sought to crack down on undocumented immigrants and stem the flow of even legal immigration.

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The right-wing Independent Women’s Forum has a history of opposing virtually every “women’s rights” initiative since its founding in the early 1990s.

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The Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies is an enigmatic Israel-based organization with deep ties to U.S. neoconservatives that is notorious for publishing tirades about Islam’s purported take over of the West.

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The Institute for the Study of War is a D.C.-based counterinsurgency think tank that has supported long-term U.S. military intervention in the Greater Middle East, especially Iraq and Afghanistan.

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The Institute of World Politics is a Washington, D.C.-based graduate school closely tied to right-wing networks in the United States.

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The Institute on Religion and Democracy, a conservative Christian advocacy group with roots in Cold War neoconservative advocacy, fashions itself as "a watchdog of the religious and evangelical left."

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The Institute on Religion and Public life publishes First Things magazine, a journal of contemporary religious right thought.

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The International Intelligence Summit is a forum for intelligence and military experts who advocate new tactics in the “war on terror.”

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Along with its Democratic-aligned counterpart, the taxpayer-funded International Republican Institute has often been accused of subverting democracy abroad while claiming to foster it.

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IPC advocates regime change in Iran by empowering opposition groups—by which it means the terrorist-designated MEK, not the Green Movement.

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In March 2011, with the United States engaged in several military conflicts across the Greater Middle East, Freedom House and the Progressive Policy Institute created the Iran Strategy Task Force to lobby the Obama administration to aggressively pursue regime change in Iran.

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Bruce Jackson is an erstwhile military intelligence officer and defense industry executive with a long track record advancing hawkish U.S. defense policies and supporting neoconservative campaigns, with a particular focus on the countries of the former Soviet Union.

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Charles Jacobs is a Boston-based writer and political activist who has founded a number of groups devoted to policing criticism of Israel and warning about the dangers of "radical Islam."

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The Jamestown Foundation, a Washington, D.C.-based think tank that monitors security trends from Eurasia to Africa, has been dogged by allegations that it secretly works with the CIA and allied governments.

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Zuhdi Jasser ,a physician and devout Muslim connected to various neoconservative groups, is the founder of the American Islamic Forum for Democracy, which touts itself as "a leading voice for liberty-minded Muslims in America in the war on terror"...

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Retired Admiral David Jeremiah, an adviser to the neoconservative Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, worked as a consultant for Boeing even as he was advising the U.S. military to lease expensive refueling tankers from the aerospace giant.

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The Jerusalem Summit is an Israel-based advocacy outfit that has brought together Evangelical Christians, neoconservatives, and hardline pro-Israel figures from across the globe in an effort to shape the debate over the status of Palestine.

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A prominent member of the right-wing “pro-Israel” establishment, JINSA claims to be "the most influential group on the issue of U.S.-Israel military relations."

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The John M. Olin Foundation, once one of the country’s premier conservative foundations, closed down in 2005 after a half century of operations. Among its more notable grantees were the...

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Romney adviser Robert Joseph, John Bolton’s successor in the Bush State Department, has staked out a hard line in support of costly missile defense programs and against arms control agreements.

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Michael Joyce, who passed away in early 2006, was once described by neoconservative guru Irving Kristol as the "godfather of modern philanthropy." Joyce was a key financial booster of the...

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A founder of the Republican Jewish Coalition, Lawrence Kadish has been a prominent backer of a number of neoconservative and right-wing “pro-Israel” groups.

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Donald Kagan is a leading historian of ancient Greece, an unabashed proponent of “Western civilization,” and an advocate of U.S. aggression overseas.

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A foreign policy hawk known for his work shaping the 2007 Iraq “surge,” AEI fellow Frederick Kagan has authored numerous books and reports promoting long-term U.S. military intervention in the Middle East and Central Asia.

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A military historian, Kimberly Kagan heads the Institute for the Study of War, where she has promoted the continuation of U.S. war in Afghanistan.

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Robert Kagan is a leading neoconservative policy pundit, a cofounder of numerous militarist pressure groups, and an important backer of U.S. overseas military interventions like the Iraq War.

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Phyllis Kaminsky is long-standing Republican Party insider who has been associated with several rightist “pro-Israel” groups in the United States.

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Max Kampelman was a Cold War-era arms control negotiator who supported numerous neoconservative policy campaigns.

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Kansteiner is a long-standing Republican Party operative active in international business and policy initiatives.

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Tom Karako is a visiting professor at Kenyon College, a fellow at the Claremont Institute, and a senior adviser for Americans for Victory over Terrorism.

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A decorated retired general credited with helping conceive the Iraq “surge,” Jack Keane has used his military experience to turn a profit in the private sector—most recently as a senior adviser to Academi LLC, the latest incarnation of the notorious Blackwater Worldwide.

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This new rightwing pressure group—led by Liz Cheney and William Kristol—is circulating a petition pushing to keep “Gitmo” open, claiming it is a “safe, secure, and humane” way to keep “terrorists” locked up.

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One of a string of astrotruf groups launched by neoconservatives and Christian Right figures, Keep Israel Safe produced several webvideos that mischaracterize the Obama administration’s policies on Israel and Iran.

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Kelly Ayotte is a Republican senator from New Hampshire.

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Penn Kemble, an influential organizer of an array of neoconservative-led causes for more than three decades who refused to join his ideological ilk in their move from the Democratic Party to the...

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A former congressman and standout NFL quarterback who passed away in May 2009, Kemp has been credited with helping shape the modern Republican Party, pushing it to adopt a plank of rightist social policies as well as an interventionist overseas military agenda.

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Brian Kennedy is the president of the Claremont Institute and senior adviser to the Bill Bennett-founded Americans for Victory over Terrorism.

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A fellow at the Hudson Institute, Keyworth’s record includes working as an executive for defense contractors and serving as President Reagan’s science advisor, during which time he advocated for “Star Wars” missile defense.

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The U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, Iraq, and the United Nations during the Bush presidency, Khalilzad is president of the international consulting firm Khalilzad Associates and an outspoken supporter of aggressive U.S. support for toppling Mideast regimes caught up in the “Arab Spring” as part of an effort to contain Iran.

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Kirchick argues that a “leftist McCathyism” has emerged in the United States targeting the loyalty of American Jews, thereby adding his voice to that ofjoining other neoconservative writers who have used reckless claims of anti-semitism to sideline legitimate criticism of one-sided U.S. support for Israel.

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Sen. Mark Kirk (R-IL), one of Congress’s staunchest foreign policy hawks and a proponent of hardline Israeli security policies, has been a leading agitator behind anti-Iran legislation.

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The first woman to serve as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations and an important intellectual leader of the neoconservative political faction, Jeane J. Kirkpatrick passed away on December 7, 2006....

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An Iranian-American activist and former intern at the American Enterprise Institute, Peter Kohanloo has harshly criticized fellow Iranian Americans who are opposed to regime change in Iran.

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Neoconservative philanthropist and hedge fund entrepreneur Bruce Kovner is sometimes referred to as Geroge Soros’s right-wing twin.

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Kramer is a Russia hawk who has served as the executive director of Freedom House, a U.S. government-funded democracy advocacy group that has been closely associated with neoconservative advocacy for decades.

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Washington Post columnist Charles Krauthammer is a trailblazing neoconservative ideologue and an unapologetic advocate for U.S. overseas militarism.

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The “godfather” of neoconservatism passed away in mid-September.

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Weekly Standard editor and PNAC cofounder Bill Kristol is a longtime neoconservative activist and Washington political operative.

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Charles M. Kupperman, a longtime defense contracting executive, has been associated with a number of influential militarist think tanks and institutions including the Center for Security Policy...

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Sen. Jon Kyl (R-AZ), an advocate of extravagant weapons systems and militarist U.S. foreign policies, retired from the Senate in 2013.

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A State Department official during the Bush administration with a history of working for neoconservative groups, Lagon recently became a visiting professor at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.

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Michael Ledeen, a “Freedom Scholar” at the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies, has long been obsessed with getting the U.S. to force regime change in Tehran.

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John F. Lehman heads a private equity firm whose investment interests dovetail with his hawkish political advocacy, which has included supporting several GOP presidential campaigns and the work of numerous neoconservative pressure groups.

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An investment banker who advocates supply-side economics and a return to the gold standard, Lehrman has supported a number of militarist pressure groups since the Cold War, including the Project for the New American Century and the Reagan-era Citizens for America.

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The former head of AmeriCorps and a long-time philanthropic supporter of neoconservatism, Lenkowksy accuses Obama of pushing policies that will hurt charitable giving...

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Matthew Levitt is the director of WINEP’s Stein Program on Counterterrorism and Intelligence.

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Bernard Lewis is a renowned historian of Islam and the Middle East who has long stirred controversy with his at times chauvinistic attitude towards the Muslim world and his associations with high-profile neoconservatives and foreign policy hawks.

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The Lexington Institute, which has been called “the defense industry's pay-to-play ad agency,” is notorious for accepting large donations from military contractors to publish studies advocating military spending programs.

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Vice President Dick Cheney’s chief of staff who was convicted in connection to the PlameGate affair is now senior vice president of the Hudson Institute.

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A professor at Georgetown University and member of the Committee on the Present Danger, Lieber is a leading academic apologist for the Bush Doctrine of preemption.

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Joe Lieberman, the neoconservative Democrat from Connecticut who retired from the Senate in 2013, co-chairs a foreign policy project at the American Enterprise Institute.

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Seth Leibsohn is a fellow at the Claremont Institute, executive director of Americans for Victory over Terrorism, and producer of Bill Bennett's Morning In America.

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A research fellow at the Hoover Institution, Lindberg has supported a number of advocacy campaigns spearheaded by neoconservative groups, including the Project for the New American Century and the Foreign Policy Initiative.

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Robert Livingston is a former congressman from Louisiana who heads the lobbying firm the Livingston Group, and has served as a advisor to the neoconservative Center for Security Policy.

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Daniel Loeb is a well-known hedge fund manager and a key financial supporter of the Emergency Committee for Israel.

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Robert J. Loewenberg heads the quixotic Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies, the Jerusalem-based right-wing think tank notorious for its more-hawkish-than-Likud take on Middle East peace.

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Clare Lopez is a former CIA officer and rightwing activist who has argued that the Muslim Brotherhood and a shadowy “Iran Lobby” are working to shape Obama administration policy.

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Mario Loyola, a frequent contributor to the National Review, champions U.S. preemptive war, especially in the Middle East.

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A former Bush administration foreign policy operative and veteran of the Pentagon’s controversial Office of Special Plans, Luti is now a VP at defense contractor Northrop Grumman...

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avid Makovsky heads the Project on the Middle East Peace Process at the “pro-Israel” Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

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A dual U.S.-Israeli citizen who advocates a "credible" U.S. military threat against Iran, Michael Makovsky is the CEO of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, a “pro-Israel” policy group that specializes in encouraging military-to-military ties between the United States and Israel.

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A contributor to the right-wing WorldNetDaily who is fond of touting his off-road driving abilities, F. Michael Maloof is perhaps best known for his alleged role in helping produce faulty intelligence while working at the Pentagon’s notorious Office of Special Plans.

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The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research is an influential conservative think tank based in New York.

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Bernard Marcus, the billionaire co-founder and former CEO of The Home Depot, is a major funder of Republican and neoconservative causes.

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Will Marshall, cofounder of the Democratic Leadership Council (and head of the Progressive Policy Institute, has been a leading advocate for a more hawkish and “market-friendly” Democratic Party for decades.

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President of the neoconservative advocacy group Foundation for Defense of Democracies and a former New York Times correspondent, Cliff May has been a persistent advocate of hawkish U.S. policies toward Iran and an Israel-centric view of the Middle East.

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Barry McCaffrey, a retired general and the top anti-drug official during the Bill Clinton administration, is a prominent military commentator for MSNBC and NBC’s Nightly News whose initial...

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Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) is one of the Senate’s leading hawks on foreign policy, having promoted U.S. military intervention throughout the Great Middle East for many years.

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A neoconservative pundit and former federal prosecutor, McCarthy argues that Islam is inherently radical and thus a threat to the United States.

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An erstwhile socialist activist who became part of the burgeoning neoconservative community in the 1970s, Bruce McColm is today a leading anti-Iran activist and supporter of the terrorist-designated People’s Muhajedin of Iran (MEK).

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Thomas McInerney is a retired air force general who complements his military contractor work with hawkish foreign policy advocacy.

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Daniel McKivergan is a former campaign staffer for John McCain and deputy director of the Project for the New American Century.

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The Reagan-era Cold Warrior recently re-emerged on the national scene when he cowrote an op-ed for the right-wing Washington Times that called for a return to the principles of “peace through strength” and warned that America’s very existence was in jeopardy because of a dizzying array of purported threats, including insecure borders, Shariah law, and unlawful combatants. 

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Meleagrou-Hitchens, a terrorism scholar based at London’s International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation, thinks that even “soft” Islamism can lead to terrorism.

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Richard Mellon Scaife, owner of the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review and chairman of the Scaife Foundations, has been a key financier of the American Right for decades. In 2006, Scaife’s three major...

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Sen. Robert Menendez (D-NJ), chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, has emerged as one of the Democratic Party's most hawkish legislators.

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Philip Merrill, a minor media mogul and former president of the U.S. Export-Import Bank, was found dead in the Chesapeake Bay in late June 2006, apparently the victim of a self-inflicted gunshot...

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Founded by Daniel Pipes, the Middle East Forum is a controversial Philadelphia-based policy institute that is notorious for its extremist rhetoric about Islam and Middle East politics.

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The “nonpartisan” MEMRI, which has received funding from the U.S. State Department and dozens of U.S.-based foundations, has drawn fire for its ties to neoconservative and anti-Islamic organizations, as well as for producing selective and at times inaccurate translations of Middle Eastern sources.

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Missouri State University’s Department of Defense and Strategic Studies is a stronghold of rightist foreign policy scholars.

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Retired General Thomas Moorman has represented defense industry interests at the same time as he served on government boards promoting weapons programs.

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The bingo magnate and notorious backer of Jewish settlements in Palestinian territories, Irving Moskowitz has also funded the campaigns of rightwing U.S. politicians like Florida Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.

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Though billing itself as a nonpartisan organization to “support the troops,” Move America Forward pursues a hawkish agenda aimed at increasing U.S. military intervention abroad.

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Muravchik, a neoconserviative ideologue based at the School of Advanced International Studies, has longed pushed for a U.S. attack on Iran, including back in 2006, when he argued in Foreign Policy that Bush would have to bomb the country “before leaving office.”

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Laurent Murawiec was a French-American geostrategist and hawkish pundit who was notorious for his efforts to promote U.S. military action against Saudi Arabia.

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Rupert Murdoch, the head of News Corp and a long-time supporter of neoconservative campaigns, has been embroiled in scandal as former executives of his company are alleged to have hacked the voicemail of hundreds of politicians and celebrities, bribed British police, and attempted to illegally obtain the phone records of deceased 9/11 victims.

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An important proponent of counterinsurgency, John Nagl was president of the Center for a New American Security, an influential inside-the-beltway think tank with close ties to the Obama administration and neoconservatives.

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Nash is a Fox News analyst, executive for military contractors, and advisor to several rightwing advocacy organizations, including the Center for Security Policy.

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The taxpayer-funded National Endowment for Democracy has often been accused of profoundly anti-democratic behavior.

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This Cold War era think tank has found new reasons for promoting extravagant U.S. defenses, including to defend against “terrorist-supporting” states like Iran.

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The National Interest is a realist-leaning foreign policy magazine founded by Irving Kristol and later taken over by the Nixon Center.

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In a new report, the National Strategy Information Center, which has been promoting militarist U.S. foreign policies since the 1960s, hypes the notion that the world is on the verge of chaos and that shadowy forces are engaged in an existential battle “against the West.”

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Andrew Natsios, a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, opposed the distribution of AIDS drugs in Africa as the Bush administration’s USAID director.

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A controversial Reagan-era official who was involved in implementing counter-insurgency policies in Central America, Negroponte served as the first national intelligence director during the George W. Bush administration. Yale announced in January that Negroponte would teach grand strategy at the university...

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Hillel Neuer has guided UN Watch’s evolution from a “pro-Israel” critic of the United Nations to an outfit closely aligned with U.S. neoconservatives.

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"Father Richard," as he was called by President George W. Bush and others, was a Catholic priest and the president of the neoconservative-aligned Institute on Religion and Public Life...

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Founded to help ensure Europe’s allegiance to U.S. policies, the now-defunct New Atlantic Initiative was aimed in part at preventing the emergence of a European strategic rival to the United States.

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Under the guise of seeking accountability and transparency, the neoconservative-linked NGO Monitor launches partisan-minded assaults against NGOs who criticize the Israeli government.

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An heir to the Sears Roebuck fortune, Nina Rosenwald has been dubbed “the sugar mama of anti-Muslim hate” for her philanthropy supporting right-wing and anti-Islamic groups in the United States.

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Noriega, a former Bush administration policymaker now at the American Enterprise Institute, continues to push hardline U.S. security polices and a free market agenda for Latin America.

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NORPAC is a New Jersey-based political action committee that supports legislators who favor hardline "pro-Israel" policies.

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Michael Novak is a "theoconservative" Catholic theologian and writer.

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Elizabeth O'Bagy is a research analyst based at the neoconservative Institute for the Study of War who has also worked as the political director of a pro-intervention group linked to the Syrian rebels.

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Michael O’Hanlon, a fellow at the Brookings Institution, is a well-known “liberal interventionist” who often teams up with rightwing hawks to advocate U.S. military action abroad.

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Previously a special assistant to President George W. Bush, Meghan O’Sullivan is a professor at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government who argues that sanctions aren’t aggressive enough to achieve change in the Middle East.

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The Office of Iranian Affairs (OIA) was created in early 2006 within the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Near East Affairs, apparently as part of an effort to channel funds to groups that could...

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The Office of Special Plans was a controversial Pentagon policy outfit that was widely accused of providing the George W. Bush administration with inaccurate, skewed intelligence linking Iraq and al-Qaeda in an effort to justify the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

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One Jerusalem is a right-wing advocacy group that opposes any Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement that cedes part of Jerusalem to the Palestinians.

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A Brussels-based neoconservative writer and senior fellow at the Washington, D.C.-based Foundation for Defense of Democracies, Ottolenghi thinks that the United States must force “regime change” in Iran.

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A former diplomat and longstanding democracy promoter who has supported the work of several neoconservative advocacy groups, Palmer has been a vociferous critic of the Obama administration’s track record in supporting internet freedom in China and Iran.

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The head of the National Institute for Public Policy, Keith Payne is an outspoken advocate of militarist U.S. strategic weapons policies.

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A former Air Force pilot and Vietnam veteran, Rep. Steve Pearce has been a reliable vote for war funding and increased defense spending.

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The People’s Mujahedin of Iran, or MEK, is a militant organization that advocates the overthrow of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Dubbed the “Prince of Darkness” because of his advocacy of extremely militaristic foreign policies while working in the Reagan Pentagon, Richard Perle is widely considered a core representative of the neoconservative political faction.

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Rick Perry, George W. Bush’s successor as Texas governor who unsuccessfully campaigned for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination, has argued that his support for Israel is based on his Christian faith and pushed for U.S. military intervention in Mexico.

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A self-styled terrorism “expert” who claims that the killing of Osama bin Laden strengthened Al Qaeda, former right-wing Lebanese militia member Walid Phares wildly claims that the Obama administration gave the Muslim Brotherhood “the green light” to sideline secular Egyptians.

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The Philanthropy Roundtable is a research and advocacy group that helps right-wing donors funnel money to a number of different philanthropic and political causes.

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Founder of the Middle East Forum, Daniel Pipes is an influential advocate of militarist U.S. policies in the Middle East and a controversial critic of “lawful Islamism” in the West.

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Richard Pipes, a Polish-American historian of Russia and Communism at Harvard University, was a key anti-Soviet crusader in the 1970s and 1980s who has since advocated bringing Russia into the "Western" fold.

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Danielle Pletka is the vice president of foreign and defense studies at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute.

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John Podhoretz is the editor of the influential neoconservative magazine Commentary.

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Former Commentary editor Norman Podhoretz has been a leading writer and ideologue of the neoconservative political faction since the group began to emerge in the late 1960s.

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An apparent rising star In the neoconservative firmament, Emergency Committee for Israel spokesman Noah Pollak wants “a pro-Israel group representing every pro-Israel person on earth.”

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Dennis Prager is a conservative radio talk show host and syndicated columnist who promotes the culture wars as well as America's overseas wars.

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Blackwater Worldwide founder Erik Prince is notorious for his efforts to expand the use of private military contractors in conflict zones.

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The Progressive Policy Institute, the think tank of the now-defunct Democratic Leadership Council, promotes a hawkish line on foreign policy, including getting tough with Iran.

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The defunct Project for the New American Century, a key promoter of the decision to invade Iraq, was at one time regarded as the foremost purveyor of neoconservative thinking on foreign affairs.

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The Project on Transitional Democracies, a successor group to the U.S. Committee on NATO, promotes reforms in post-Soviet states and has pressed a get-tough line on Russia.

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Los Angeles-based lawyer Pierre Prosper, a foreign policy adviser to Mitt Romney’s 2012 presidential bid, served as Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes in the U.S. State Department during the early years of the “war on terror,” where he proved to be feckless in pursuing investigations into alleged war crimes of U.S. allies.

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Was Mitt Romney’s overseas misadventure his “potatoe” moment? Former VP Quayle’s most enduring legacy, besides having had William Kristol as his “brain,” is his record of verbal gaffes, against which numerous successive political figures have been compared.

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Réalité-EU is a hawkish policy outfit that promotes aggressive European policies toward Iran and other “threats” in the Middle East.

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Stephen Rademaker, a lobbyist and lawyer who served as an assistant secretary of state in the George W. Bush administration, is a project adviser at the hawkish Bipartisan Policy Center.

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Touting itself as the “the nation’s leading conservative publisher,” 1 Regnery Publishing was founded by Henry Regnery in 1947 in Chicago. Initially affiliated with the University...

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The controversial Iran-Contra veteran who served as an assistant secretary of state under George W. Bush remains a divisive figure in U.S.-Latin American relations...

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Former diplomat Mitchell Reiss has been an advocate for both negotiating with the Taliban and delisting the MEK.

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A neoconservative Jewish lobbying group, the Republican Jewish Coalition is a central component of the Republican Party’s outreach to Jewish voters.

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Harold Rhode is a retired Defense Department adviser based at the Gatestone Institute in New York, an advocacy group known for its promotion of anti-Islamic rhetoric and ideas.

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Former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, a senior fellow at the conservative Hoover Institution, thinks that Mitt Romney will be a better hawk than President Obama.

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James Roche, a Navy veteran and former secretary of the Air Force, is a defense industry executive and long time supporter of a number of hardline Israel-centric policy groups, including the Washington Institute for Near East Policy and the Center for Security Policy.

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Peter Rodman, who passed away August 2, 2008, was an assistant secretary of defense for international security under Donald Rumsfeld in the George W. Bush administration; he joined the Brookings...

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Although sometimes characterized as a moderate, business-oriented political figure, former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney embraced a hawkish foreign policy during his 2012 presidential campaign.

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Supported in part by rightwing donors from the “Israel Lobby,” Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) has used her perch as chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee to push hawkish policies in the Middle East and Latin America.

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Steven J. Rosen, who directs the Washington Program at the neoconservative Middle East Forum, is a former pioneering AIPAC lobbyist who was indicted for allegedly passing Pentagon secrets to the Israeli government.

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Dennis Ross is a controversial former diplomat who has advised the Obama administration on foreign policy even as he has supported the work of hawkish advocacy groups that have criticized it.

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GOP strategist and super-PAC head Karl Rove is renowned for being ruthless in trying to win elections.

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George Bush Senior’s assistant secretary of defense, Rowen is a fellow emeritus at the Hoover Institution, where he focuses on U.S and Asian security and development issues.

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Jennifer Rubin is a blogger at the Washington Post who is notorious for her anti-liberal invective and “pro-Israel” advocacy.

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Michael Rubin, a veteran of the Bush-era Office of Special Plans, has relentlessly criticized the Obama administration for attempting to engage Iran and condemned the rise of democratically elected Islamist parties in the Middle East.

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The Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States, commonly called the Rumsfeld Commission or the Rumsfeld Missile Commission after its chair Donald Rumsfeld, operated from...

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The Commission to Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization, frequently called the Rumsfeld Space Commission or simply the Space Commission, was established in 1999 by...

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Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld has kept a low profile since leaving office in the midst of the unpopular Iraq War, but he has periodically reemerged to champion torture, defense appropriations, and an expansive war on terror.

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Although better known for his austere budget proposals and extreme anti-abortion views, Rep. Paul Ryan, the 2012 Republican VP candidate, also thinks that America is under attack by “Islamic fascists” and advocates aggressive U.S. military intervention abroad.

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Gary Samore is a former adviser to the Obama administration whose experience includes serving as president of United Against Nuclear Iran, a pressure group that advocates sanctions against Iran.

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Rick Santorum, a former GOP presidential candidate and senator from Pennsylvania, has championed starkly right-wing social programs as well as a militarist overseas agenda.

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The Scaife Foundations are a quartet of conservative foundations—the Sarah Scaife, the Carthage, the Allegheny, and the Scaife Family—that have served as the primary vehicles for the...

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Randy Scheunemann is a neoconservative lobbyist and a past foreign policy adviser to Sarah Palin.

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James Schlesinger was a former CIA director, Pentagon chief, and energy secretary.

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Gary Schmitt is a resident scholar at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute and a former director of the Project for the New American Century.

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Bill Schneider is a well-known media personality based at CNN; he has been described as "one of the country's leading political commentators" (by his employer, CNN), "the...

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William Schneider Jr. is an economist and defense industry consultant who has been part of the militarist advocacy community since the late 1960s.

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Nick Schulz is the DeWitt Wallace Fellow at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute, where he serves as editor of AEI’s in-house magazine The American.

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Secure America Now (SAN) is a right-wing advocacy group founded in 2011 by pollsters John McLaughlin and Pat Caddell.

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Criticized for offering trainings to law enforcement agencies that promote prejudicial profiling of Muslims, SSI hypes the threat of “radical Islam” to market its anti-terror products in the United States and Israel.

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A high-powered Republican Party donor and real estate magnate, Sembler has supported a number of hawkish advocacy groups, including most recently Liz Cheney’s Keep America Safe.

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Dan Senor is a cofounder of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative and the former spokesman for the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq.

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Ilan Sharon, executive director of Minnesotans Against Terrorism and a member of the advisory board of the Clarion Fund, frequently lectures on the rise of radical Islam.

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Nina Shea directs the Center for International Religious Freedom at the neoconservative Hudson Institute.

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A well regarded expert on military history who is not typically associated with rightist political causes, Dennis Showalter has advised the neoconservative-led Institute for the Study of War and Center for Security Policy.

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A former Pentagon advisor and well known Leo Strauss scholar, Shulsky uses his perch at the neocon Hudson Institute to criticize Obama's arms control efforts.

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Laurence Silberman is a senior justice on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia and a longtime affiliate of right-wing organizations.

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Billionaire investor Paul Singer is the founder and CEO of the Elliott Management Corporation and an important funder of neoconservative causes.

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Although often associated with the passel of foundations that buttress the American right-wing—including, among others, the Scaife, Castle Rock, and Bradley foundations—the Smith...

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Lee Smith, a writer at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, is perhaps best known for accusing critics of hardline Israeli policies—and U.S. support for them—of being “Jew-baiters.”

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The Society of Americans for National Existence is an anti-Muslim advocacy group that has spearheaded efforts to get U.S. states to pass laws criminalizing sharia law.

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This longtime foreign policy hardliner is one of a chorus of rightist voices criticizing the recent agreement between Iran and the U.N. Security Council’s five permanent members (plus Germany) regarding its nuclear program...

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One of the leading purveyors of anti-Islamic rhetoric in the United States, Robert Spencer has been at the forefront of theatrical efforts to ban sharia law from U.S. courtrooms.

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As a principle at the rightist William Rosenwald Family Fund and a board member for a host of neoconservative and “pro-Israel” outfits, David Steinmann has worked for decades to channel money to right-wing pressure groups.

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American economist and Rupert Murdoch confidant Irwin Stelzer has a history of neoconservative activism on both sides of the pond.

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Wall Street Journal “Global View” columnist Bret Stephens has long trumpeted a right-wing line on the Middle East and Israel.

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Sarah Stern is the founder and president Endowment for Middle East Truth
 and an adviser to the Clarion Fund.

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Iranian-born writer Amir Taheri has a history of making suspicious claims about Iran that have been used by neoconservatives to bolster the case for attacking that country.

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Former Sen. Jim Talent (R-MO), a stalwart advocate of Pentagon spending now based at the right-wing Heritage Foundation, says he would have voted for the Iraq War even if he had known the Bush administration’s claims about WMDs were false.

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Tom Tancredo, the former House Republican notorious for his anti-immigrant activism, has become a leading promoter of Islamophobic rhetoric in the United States.

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Tanter, founder of the hawkish Iran Policy Committee, recently revived his arguments for why the U.S. should support the People's Mujahedin Organization (MEK), an Iranian opposition group classified as a terrorist organization by the State Department.

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Arguably the most notorious attempt by right-wing figures to challenge the authority of the CIA ("Team A") over intelligence—similar to the effort by the Pentagon's Office of...

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The now-defunct internet magazine Tech Central Station served as a platform for advocates of militarist U.S. foreign policies, and is now published as TCSDaily on the website of the conservative TV program, Ideas in Action.

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The Israel Project is a “pro-Israel,” neoconservative-leaning lobby group that boasts a lengthy bipartisan cast of congressional “advisers.”

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Marc Thiessen, a former speechwriter for President George W. Bush, is a Washington Post columnist and American Enterprise Institute visiting fellow known for his defense of hawkish U.S. security policies, including “enhanced interrogation techniques."

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Failed 2008 presidential candidate and Iraq war booster Fred Thompson has become one of the latest GOP notables to endorse Newt Gingrich for president in 2012.

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Tommy Thompson, a former governor of Wisconsin who served as secretary of Health and Human Services during the George W. Bush administration, was an unsuccessful candidate for the U.S. Senate during the 2012 elections.

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Conservative author and sometime congressional candidate Kenneth Timmerman has a long history of pushing regime change in Iran and, more recently, a “clash of civilizations” narrative between Christendom and the Muslim Middle East.

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John Tkacik is a former State Department China officer who has partnered with leading neoconservatives to advocate robust U.S. support for Taiwan.

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Israeli settlement advocate Alex Traiman is best known as the director of Iranium, an anti-Iran film widely ridiculed for its hearsay and Islamophobia.

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This Brussels-based organization, founded by the American Jewish Committee, has served as an outlet for neoconservative advocacy in Europe.

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Since the election of President Obama, this neocon-aligned advocacy group has endeavored to paint itself as a centrist organization, “just the ultimate lobbyists and powerbrokers for a Free and Democratic Lebanon.”

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Founded to push for the expansion of NATO after the end of the Cold War, the U.S. Committee on NATO was a neoconservative-led initiative closely tied to key Republican Party figures.

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Congress established the bipartisan U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, or U.S.-China Commission as it is commonly known, in October 2000, as part of the 2001 Defense Authorization...

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The “nonpartisan” UN Watch, which devotes most of its energy to lambasting UN criticism of Israel, has counted on the financial support of the American Jewish Committee, the Becker Foundation, and a handful of other private donors in recent years.

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United against Nuclear Iran is a pressure group that attacks companies doing business in Iran and disseminates alarmist reports about the country's nuclear program.

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Retired Maj. Gen. Paul E. Vallely is a former military analyst for Fox News and is the host of the conservative radio show, “Stand Up America.”1 Vallely, who serves on the boards of a...

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Van Cleave is a former Pentagon official who has been closely associated with hawkish advocacy campaigns for decades, including efforts to derail the Obama administration’s passage of a new START Treaty with Russia.

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A Hoover Institution fellow, Hanson calls 9/11

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A long-time China hawk, Arthur Waldron claims that the United States must be willing to rollback Chinese influence in Asia or be prepared to sacrifice allies and its reputation.

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Waller, a neoconservative academic at the Institute of World Politics, uses his blogs to hype purported threats about sharia law and to promote the argument that the United States should “snatch” the founder of WikiLeaks and pursue espionage charges against him.

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Retired Sen. Malcolm Wallop (R-WY) is an old-school Cold Warrior who continues to promote rightwing defense and foreign policy initiatives as chair of Frontiers of Freedom.

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The former U.S. “Drug Czar,” John Walters continues to worry about “narcoterrorism” from his perch as an executive at the Hudson Institute.

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Andrew Walworth is TV producer who served as executive producer of Ideas in Action, a weekly TV program hosted by James Glassman and produced by the George W. Bush Institute and Grace Creek Media.

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The Washington Free Beacon is a news site published by the right-wing Center for American Freedom.

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An offshoot of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, the influential Washington Institute for Near East Policy has been a hawkish centerpiece of the “Israel Lobby” for decades.

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Ben Wattenberg, a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and moderator of PBS's Think Tank, was a member of a core group of Democratic Party hawks who, in the 1970s, shifted to the...

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Former Rep. Vin Weber (R-MN), a policy adviser to Mitt Romney’s 2012 campaign, has supported a number of pro-war advocacy campaigns over the years, including those spearheaded by the Project for the New American Century.

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Ruth Wedgwood, an international law scholar based at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and vice chair of the neoconservative Freedom House, is a staunch defender of the “war on terror” and a proponent of a right-wing "pro-Israel" U.S. foreign policy.

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The Weekly Standard is the flagship journal of neoconservative opinion and activism.

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A former adviser to President George W. Bush, Wehner has used his perch at the neoconservative Ethics and Public Policy Center to promote militarist U.S. foreign policies and a conservative Christian domestic agenda.

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Called by some critics a “Catholic neocon” or a “theocon,” George Weigel is a Catholic theologian based at the conservative Ethics and Public Policy Center (EPPC) and a...

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Kenneth Weinstein is the president and CEO of the Hudson Institute, a Washington, D.C.-based think tank that has been a key member of the neoconservative network for decades.

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Since losing his bid for reelection while under investigation for his ties to an arms contractor, former Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) has been able to lobby more openly for defense industry interests, including in Libya.

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Paul Weyrich, a key strategist of the New Right, passed away on December 18, 2008. He was 66 years old. Sometimes referred to as a “pillar of the modern conservative movement,”...

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Thomas White is a former Enron executive whose tenure as Secretary of the Army was marked by investigations into his corporate ties and high-profile clashes with Donald Rumsfeld over Iraq planning.

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Leon Wieseltier, the literary editor of the New Republic and a harsh critic of Obama administration’s Middle East policy, has frequently pushed for U.S. military intervention in the Middle East.

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Dutch parliamentarian Geert Wilders’ fierce anti-Islamic activism has made him a favorite of the American right.

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Chris Williams is a veteran defense lobbyist and former Pentagon official who was once described as Donald Rumsfeld’s "right-hand man."

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Richard Williamson, a former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, was one of the Romney campaign’s more aggressive surrogates on foreign policy, claiming that Romney would put military force on “on the table” to prevent an Iranian “nuclear breakout.”

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Heather Wilson is a former congresswoman from New Mexico who backed the Bush administration’s efforts in Iraq, helped influence U.S. nuclear weapons policy, and enjoyed the support of defense contractors.

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Pete Wilson, the former governor of California and a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution, has been an important Republican Party figure for more than three decades, having also served as a U.S....

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Marshall Wittmann, spokesperson for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, is a political operative in Washington, D.C. who has long been associated with militarist and “pro-Israel” factions connected to both the Republican and Democratic Parties.

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Paul Wolfowitz, a visiting fellow at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute, is a controversial former World Bank chief and Pentagon official who was closely involved in the decision to invade Iraq in 2003.

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James Woolsey, a former CIA director who views the “war on terror” as the “Long War,” is chairman of the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

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A “pro-Israel” hawk and former Dick Cheney adviser who once championed taking the “war on terror” to Latin America, David Wurmser now promotes Israeli natural gas interests and supports a strike on Iran.

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Longtime neoconservative activist Meyrav Wurmser has spoken out against a nuclear-weapons-free zone in the Middle East and worked with organizations that have contributed to the spread of Islamophobia in the United States and abroad.

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David Yerushalmi, a hardline anti-Muslim activist and the founder of the Society of Americans for National Existence, has been described as a “white supremacist” and a “Jewish fascist.”

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John Yoo is a former deputy assistant attorney general known for his extreme views on executive wartime powers and for helping author the George W. Bush administration's infamous “torture memos.”

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Dov Zakheim is a retired defense contractor executive and Pentagon official whose views on foreign policy appear to veer between hardnosed realism and neoconservatism.

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Karl Zinsmeister, head of President George W. Bush's Domestic Policy Council, has worked at the American Enterprise Institute and the Philanthropy Roundtable.

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Established in Baltimore in 1897, the Zionist Organization of America (ZOA) is the oldest Zionist organization in the United States—and also among the most aggressively anti-Arab.

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A former World Bank president, George W. Bush administration trade representative, and supporter of the Project for the New American Century, Zoellick is now a senior fellow at Harvard’s Belfer Center.

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