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Tracking militarists’ efforts to influence U.S. foreign policy

Raymond Tanter


raymond-tanter
    • Iran Policy Committee: Founder
    • Committee on the Present Danger: Member
    • Washington Institute for Near East Policy: Former Adjunct Scholar

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Raymond Tanter is a visiting professor at Georgetown University known for his single-minded obsession with promoting regime-change efforts against Iran. He has been an adjunct scholar at an adjunct scholar at the "pro-Israel" Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP) and a member of the neoconservative Committee on the Present Danger, both of which are associated with the rightwing "pro-Israel" lobby in the United States. Tanter is also the founder of the Iran Policy Committee (IPC), which was established in January 2005 to promote regime-change strategies in Iran. Tanter's experience includes serving on the National Security Council during the first Ronald Reagan administration and as a Pentagon arms control adviser.[1]

The IPC, which largely serves to promote Tanter's explicitly hawkish positions on Iran, is comprised of "former officials from the White House, State Department, intelligence agencies, and experts from think tanks and universities." According to IPC, "By calling for change in Tehran based on Iranians instead of Americans, IPC stresses the potential for a third alternative: Keep open diplomatic and military options, while providing a central role for the Iranian opposition to facilitate regime change."[2]

IPC's original website has not been updated since 2011 and the organization seems to have become largely defunct. Another website, called Iran Policy Committee Publishing and apparently run by Tanter, first started posting in 2012 and mostly provides regular updates of Tanter's media appearances and publications. This newer website describes IPC's goal as focusing "on empowering the Iranian people to change their own regime without external military intervention."[3]

Iran Hawk

Tanter has been critical of the Obama administration's nuclear negotiations with Iran. In a January 2014 piece written for Foreign Policy, Tanter expressed support for Sen. Robert Menendez's (D-N.J.) Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act, which would place additional sanctions on Iran while negotiations are ongoing.[4] In an October 2014 interview with CCTV, he responded to a question about Obama's diplomatic approach, saying: "Regime change from within is the only way you can keep a nuclear-armed Iran from coming into being."[5]

Tanter has been vocal in his opposition to the United States cooperating with Iran in the war against the so-called "Islamic State" group in Syria and Iraq. During the same interview with CCTV, Tanter said, "Who needs the Iranian regime? The Qods force of the Iranian regime is operative in Syria helping bolster the Assad regime that helps ISIL because it says to the Sunnis that the Iranians and the Syrians are together. Who needs the Iranian regime when the IRGC is one of the main problems in exacerbating the split between the Shia and the Sunni in Iraq, which caused the defection of the Sunnis to ISIL? The Iranian regime is the core of the problem."[6]

Tanter has in the past lumped Iran and Russia together in his analyses. Commenting on the 2014 Ukraine crisis, Tanter said in an interview with CNBC, "The big problem is that neither the allies or the United States have focused enough on the Russian domestic situation. The only way you can get Russia to back down on Ukraine, is to talk about what freedom means to Russia. Likewise, as I should say with respect to Iran … you need to look quickly at the particulars of the Iranian domestic situation. The National Council of Resistance of Iran is a group the United States should reach out to as a way of putting the Iranian regime on its backfoot. There are similar kinds of groups within Russia."[7]

"What motivates Russian leaders is survival and therefore you have to start some kind of meddling within Russian society. You have to start talking about freedom, the refusniks. You have to look within the Russian opposition forces and speak out on their behalf," Tanter went on. "The threat of the survival of the Russian leadership should be on the table."[8]

Tanter has been a proponent of the United States explicitly supporting Iranian opposition groups. At a Middle East Forum conference in March 2010 and in the wake of the "Green movement" protests inside Iran, Tanter told the audience that "if U.S. policy led rather than followed the Iranian street, the situation in Iran could be comparable to 1979: As in the revolution of 1979, Iranians again want regime change and today's opposition is inclusive, whereas the 1999 and 2003 protests lacked the broad coalition present in 1979. Today's street protests need to hear more from the United States to broaden the coalition."[9]

MEK Connection

Tanter has been a key U.S. supporter for the People's Mujahedin Organization (MEK), which was on the State Department's list of international terrorist organizations from 1997 until 2012—when it was removed after years of an aggressive and well-funded lobbying campaign supported by a bipartisan cast of high-profile former public officials, including Tanter.[10]

Tanter has argued that the MEK should lead regime-change efforts in Iran. In 2003, he told Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, "I think that regime change ought to be the policy of the Bush administration. But regime change doesn't mean that you need the 4th Infantry Division to come in from the north and meet up in the south with the 3rd Infantry Division coming in from the south and the Marines coming in from the West. That is, Iran is not Iraq." Instead, Tanter said, "the United States could support the Iraq-based MEK so that it could launch a cross-border insurgency against Iranian targets."[11]

Tanter revived these arguments in a February 2010 IPC press release, claiming the "regime crackdown after the June elections has fomented a new cohesion among dissidents," including the MEK and the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), widely considered a front group for the MEK. "Designation of the NCRI and MEK as foreign terrorist organizations acts an obstacle to building a coalition of dissidents. The irony, however, is that members of the MEK are paying a disproportionate price by being singled out for hangings among the thousands of individuals arrested since June," Tanter said.[12]

Tanter, who argues that the MEK "is genuinely committed to democracy and not pretending just to gain support," has suggested that the exiled group embodies the bulk of Iran's opposition, comparing it favorably to the domestic Green Movement.[13]

Iran's regime, Tanter wrote in a 2011 National Interest op-ed, "delegitimizes and seeks to destroy the MEK because it challenges clerical rule. By contrast, other dissident organizations, such as the Iranian Green Movement faction headed by Mir Hossein Mousavi, accept clerical rule." In fact, Tanter has argued that "other opposition groups really don't exist," or at least "no other opposition force the regime cares about."[14]

Tanter has also claimed that U.S. intelligence assessments of the group's terrorist activities and purported unpopularity inside Iran "resemble regime propaganda against the MEK."[15]

Muhammad Sahimi, a columnist for Tehran Bureau and Antiwar.com, responded to these claims, arguing, "Apparently the argument is that because the Iranian regime grossly violates its citizens' human rights, and its president denies the Holocaust, the State Department should delist the MEK because it opposes that regime. … Tanter seems to claim that anyone who believes that the MEK has no significant support within Iran is a tool of disinformation campaign by the [Iranian] regime."[16]

Both NCRI and the MEK also figured prominently during a 2005 IPC National Press Club briefing. Tanter said at the meeting, "Empowerment requires working with Iranian opposition groups in general and with the main opposition in particular. The National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) and the Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK) are not only the best source for intelligence on Iran's potential violations of the nonproliferation regime. The NCRI and MEK are also a possible ally of the West in bringing about regime change in Tehran."[17]

Tanter went on at the briefing to say that Israeli nuclear "bunker-busting bombs" have the capability of destroying Iran's underground nuclear facilities, which he said "keeps the military option on the table."[18]

During the George W. Bush presidency, the Iran Policy Committee also maintained strong ties with foreign policy hawks on Capitol Hill.

In April 2005, for example, the IPC convened a briefing at the invitation of the Iran Human Rights and Democracy Caucus of the U.S. House of Representatives, which was co-chaired by former Rep. Tom Tancredo (R-CO) and Rep. Bob Filner (D-CA). During the event, Tancredo raised the issue of the terrorist designation of Iran's main opposition group, the Mujahedeen e-Khalq organization (MEK), and IPC panelists concurred on the need to remove it from the U.S. Foreign Terrorist Organizations list. Rep. Tancredo claimed that the MEK was designated not because it was involved in terrorist activities, but because the Clinton administration sought to curry favor with the Iranian regime.

According to an IPC press release, Tanter told Tancredo and other Caucus members: "While Iran's nuclear clock is ticking very fast, the clock for a regime change is much too slow." "And if Iran were to acquire the bomb before the people are able to change the regime, it might obtain a new lease on life, act to extend the Iranian Revolution throughout the region, and threaten U.S. interests in countries like Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Israel."[19]

On May 11, 2006 IPC released a policy paper, What Makes Tehran Tick, which concludes that Iran's hostility toward Israel and the United States is less a result of feeling threatened or living in a "tough neighborhood" than of "the nature of the regime's revolutionary ideology."

Explaining the new IPC white paper, Tanter stated, "The Islamist nature of the regime takes on enhanced importance because Iran is on the road to acquiring nuclear weapons, and there are few exit ramps along the way." Tanter went on, "Given the Islamist character of the Iranian regime and its nuclear potential, only regime change ends the threat of a nuclear-armed Islamist Iran. Diplomacy and military strikes would only delay the onset of the Iranian regime acquisition of nuclear arms."[20]

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Sources

[1] WINEP, Raymond Tanter biography, http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC11.php?CID=515.

[2] Iran Policy Committee, "Mission Statement," http://www.iranpolicy.org/mission.php.

[3] Iran Policy Committee, "About," http://iranpolicycommitteepublishing.com/about/.

[4] Raymond Taner, "A Postmortem for Failure of Nuclear Talks With Iran," Foreign Policy, January 31, 2014,http://shadow.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2014/01/31/a_postmortem_for_failure_of_nuclear_talks_with_iran.

[5] CCTV America, "The Heat explores how US, Iran can find common ground," October 2, 2014, http://www.cctv-america.com/2014/10/02/the-heat-explores-how-us-iran-can-find-common-ground.

[6] CCTV America, "The Heat explores how US, Iran can find common ground," October 2, 2014, http://www.cctv-america.com/2014/10/02/the-heat-explores-how-us-iran-can-find-common-ground.

[7] CNBC, "Has the West done enough to pressure Russia?" July 29, 2014, http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000296703&play=1.

[8] CNBC, "Has the West done enough to pressure Russia?" July 29, 2014, http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000296703&play=1.

[9] Raymond Tanter, "Can People-Power Defuse Iran's Nuclear Threat?" Middle East Forum, March 10, 2010,http://www.meforum.org/2611/people-power-iran-nuclear-threat.

[10] Scott Shane, "Iranian Dissidents Convince U.S. to Drop Terror Label," The New York Times, September 21, 2012,http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/22/world/middleeast/iranian-opposition-group-mek-wins-removal-from-us-terrorist-list.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0.

[11] Jeffrey Donovan, "Iran: Pressure Builds On Washington To Promote 'Regime Change," Radio Free Europe, June 17, 2003,http://www.rferl.org/content/article/1103549.html.

[12] Iran Policy Committee, "Iranian Nuclear Arms Control: Engagement and Democratic Change of the Iranian Regime," February 2010, http://www.iranpolicy.org/ipcNews.php?id=3.

[13] Howard LaFranchi, "A bid to foment democracy in Iran," Christian Science Monitor. February 17, 2006,http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0217/p03s03-usfp.html.

[14] Howard LaFranchi, "A bid to foment democracy in Iran," Christian Science Monitor. February 17, 2006,http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0217/p03s03-usfp.html.

[15] Howard LaFranchi, "A bid to foment democracy in Iran," Christian Science Monitor. February 17, 2006,http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0217/p03s03-usfp.html.

[16] Muhammad Sahimi, "Of Terrorists and Turncoats: Exposing MeK and Its Defenders," National Interest, October 27, 2011,http://nationalinterest.org/print/commentary/terrorists-turncoats-exposing-mek-its-defenders-6098.

[17] Strategic Policy Consulting, "Biography: Alireza Jafarzadeh," http://spcwashington.com/?option=com_content&task=view&id=32&Itemid=49.

[18] Strategic Policy Consulting, "Biography: Alireza Jafarzadeh," http://spcwashington.com/?option=com_content&task=view&id=32&Itemid=49.

[19] Democratic Underground, http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=102x1672502.

[20] IPC, "What Makes Tehran Tick," May 11, 2006, http://www.iranwatch.org/privateviews/IPC/perspex-ipc-whatmakestehrantick-050906.pdf.

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Raymond Tanter Résumé

    Affiliations

    • Iran Policy Committee: Founder and Co-Chair
    • Committee on the Present Danger: Member
    • Washington Institute for Near East Policy: Former Adjunct Scholar
    • Middle East Institute: Former Scholar in Residence
    • Hoover Institution: Former fellow
    • Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars: Former fellow
    • Hebrew University of Jerusalem: Former professor
    • Georgetown University: Visiting Professor (current)
    • Council on Foreign Relations: Member

    Government Service

    • Department of Defense: Deputy Director of Behavioral Sciences at DOD's Advanced Research Projects Agency (1967); Chief of Naval Operations, member of Civilian Executive Panel (1967); Personal Representative to Arms Control Talks (1983-84)
    • White House: Senior Staff Member, National Security Council (1981-82)

    Education

    • Indiana University: Ph.D (1964)

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