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Tracking militarists’ efforts to influence U.S. foreign policy

Hannah, John

  • Foundation for Defense of Democracies: Senior Fellow
  • Washington Institute for Near East Policy: Fellow
  • Former Assistant to Vice President Dick Cheney

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John P. Hannah is a political pundit and adviser who served as a national security aide to former Vice President Dick Cheney. A long-standing neoconservative activist, Hannah has advocated U.S. military intervention in numerous Middle East countries, including most notoriously in Iraq in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Since Donald Trump was elected, Hanna, like many of his neoconservative fellows, has generally approved of the president’s rhetoric but has been dissatisfied with his lack of concomitant action. For example, Hannah heaped praise on Trump—as well as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu—for his vocal support of the Iranian protesters in 2017. It is worth noting that many Iran observers cautioned that such support from American and Israeli leaders would do more harm than good to the protesters.[1] But this concern was unheeded by Trump and Netanyahu. Hannah praised Trump, writing, “Trump’s systematic appeal to the Iranian people was striking, to say the least. … In identifying Iran’s disgruntled populace as the regime’s Achilles’ heel, Trump almost certainly has Khamenei’s number.”[2] Noting that this rhetoric would likely not be matched by action, Hannah added, “A decision by both the U.S. and Israeli governments to invest significant time, energy, and resources into strengthening the Iranian people in their struggle against the regime could get very interesting. … It’s certainly a policy that has never been seriously pursued by the U.S. government before—despite the fact that it plays on one of Iran’s greatest vulnerabilities. If Trump is able to successfully orchestrate such a campaign, we may well look back … and conclude that his comments on the nuclear deal were only the second most important thing that he had to say about America’s Iran policy.”

Hannah has remained cautious about Trump, warning the president in late 2017: “Sir, without a serious ground game that consciously works to block Iranian hegemony in Iraq and Syria, you do not have a serious strategy to counter the Iranian threat to U.S. interests. The new get-tough approach that you announced toward Iran last month would be reduced to nothing but empty talk and bluster—paper tiger territory. And when it comes to the hard men commanding the IRGC, that would be a very dangerous place to be—for America, the Middle East, and the world.”[3]

At the end of George W. Bush’s presidency in 2009, Hannah became a senior fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP), a hawkish “pro-Israel” advocacy organization originally established as a policy counterpart to the influential American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). Hannah held his WINEP post until early 2010. In March 2011, the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) named Hannah a senior fellow.[4]

In February 2015, Hannah was named as a foreign policy adviser to 2016 Republican presidential candidate Jeb Bush, joining a list of advisers dominated by veterans of the administrations of George W. and George H.W. Bush.[5] Hannah is also affiliated with the hawkish Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA), where he serves as a member of its “Iran Task Force” as well as a senior adviser to its “Germunder Center for Defense and Strategy.”[6]

Hannah has used his perch at FDD to push for U.S. intervention in Syria and promote a “pro-Israel” hardline on Iran and other Middle East issues. In 2018, Hannah was reportedly offered a post as the U.S. envoy to Syria, where some hoped he could advance a U.S.-led effort to end the fighting in the war-ravaged country, and bring Turkey closer to the United States. For unspecified reasons, after negotiations on the position, Hannah turned down the offer.[7]

Hannah downplays the impact of the Palestinian issue on Arab politics[8] and suggested that some Iranians “privately” see the possibility of a U.S. aerial assault on Iran as a chance to “accelerate the theocracy’s final unraveling at the hands of an already boiling population.”[9]

Iran

Hannah was a staunch opponent of the Obama administration’s diplomatic efforts to peacefully resolve the Iranian nuclear dispute. He criticized Obama for allegedly wanting to “freeze all serious pressure on Iran” and has characterized the negotiations as “Iran and the President against Congress.”[10]

Hannah also supported Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s controversial address to Congress in March 2015 about Iran, saying at the time: “There’s so much wrong with the emerging Iran nuclear deal that it’s hard to know where to begin. But as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu made clear in his speech this week to congress, the biggest flaw is almost certainly the deal’s so-called sunset provision.”[11]

By contrast, Richard Nephew of the Brookings Institution argued that “most people currently taking issue with the sunset clause are really just opposed to any deal with Iran.” In a March 2015 article, he wrote: “[S]unset provisions are a common feature of international arms control and even Congressional legislation. In fact, even in the case of Iran’s nuclear program, the idea of establishing a sunset period for restrictions isn’t new, having first emerged as an element of U.S. policy under President Bush in 2006.”[12]

Hannah also lambasted the framework nuclear agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1 in early April 2015. “Even on its face, if we take this agreement at face value, I think it looks very dangerous, very risky. It looks on its face to be a bad deal. The definition of a bad deal,” he declared at a JINSA panel shortly after the agreement was reached.[13]

In September 2013, during Iranian president Hassan Rouhani’s first trip to New York for the UN General Assembly, Hannah wrote in a National Review op-ed: “Rouhani came to NY to lure the leader of the free world into the humiliating position of chasing after him for a meeting—only to summarily diss the offer when it was eagerly tendered.” He added: “Obama came to the UN to preemptively concede that regime change is not our policy in Iran.”[14]

Hannah has explicitly called for a regime change policy against Iran, even in the midst of on-going nuclear negotiations. In a January 2015 piece for Foreign Policy titled “It’s Time to Pursue Regime Change in Iran,” he wrote: “[D]ictatorial, rogue regimes are only likely to be moved off their nuclear agendas when confronted with a very powerful stick—whether regime change, military attack, or an acute form of pressure that is perceived to put regime’s survival at risk, preferably including a highly credible threat of force.”[15]

Hannah was critical of the Obama administration’s refusal to intervene in Iran’s post-election turmoil in 2009. In a September 2009 Weekly Standard piece, Hannah pushed the Obama administration to seize the moment and encourage regime change in the country, arguing that the “survival, strengthening, and eventual success” of the Iranian opposition movement was “the most viable option available for satisfactorily resolving the Iranian nuclear crisis short of war.” He added, “Barring a minor miracle…the [Obama] administration appears to be hurtling toward that fateful moment in time that Senator [John] McCain crystallized so well during last year’s campaign: The time when the world confronts the excruciating choice of ‘Iran with the bomb or bombing Iran.’”[16]

A month later, Hannah excoriated then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in a National Review Online piece for criticizing Bush-era foreign policies during a meeting with Pakistani students. Wrote Hannah: “Does anyone advising President Obama and the secretary of state really believe that this kind of partisanship and trash-talking abroad about another American president is really going to buy us much long-term goodwill among either our friends or our adversaries?”[17]

The New Republic’s Michael Crowley responded, “Personally, I really do think it might buy us long-term goodwill. It’s a fact that people around the world loathed Bush (and Hannah’s former boss), and the foreign policy associated with them. A change of faces in Washington certainly won’t solve all our problems, but I think it can help along the margins. Hillary was, after all, applauded when she said this.”[18]Yet by 2016, Hannah had changed his view of Hillary Clinton dramatically, at least when it came to Iran. After the policy conference of the American-Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) that year, Hannah singled out Clinton’s address to that body for praise. “[O]ne item in particular struck me as potentially significant and worth highlighting: Though all of the speakers spent time underscoring their determination to confront the threat posed by the Iranian regime, only one of the four—Hillary Clinton—suggested that supporting the people of Iran should also be an essential element of any comprehensive U.S. strategy,” he wrote.

“But whereas (Donald) Trump, (Ted) Cruz, and (John) Kasich limited their remarks to combating Iran’s threatening external behavior, Clinton alone went on to highlight the importance of its internal situation, and the need for the United States to assist the Iranian people against an oppressive regime.”[19]

This praise lines up well with Hannah’s long-standing advocacy of American intervention in Iran in support of popular protests. He wrote, “The forces that we should be consciously working to strengthen are, as Secretary Clinton suggested, the people of Iran, specifically those groups and individuals that are in fact seeking genuine political, economic, and social reform of the theocratic system. There are voices that want greater freedoms, more accountability, and less corruption; that advocate for greater respect for human rights, including the rights of workers, women, dissidents, and religious and ethnic minorities; that oppose Iran’s dangerous foreign policy and want to see its decades-long war with the United States ended. Those are the groups that we need to start identifying, investing in, and establishing reliable channels of communication with, preferably in coordination with our closest allies. We need to develop careful, long-term strategies that will begin providing Iran’s reformers with the kinds of support that they believe will most effectively advance their cause, using all means at our disposal, including information, technology, financial resources, diplomacy, civil society, and the private sector.”[20]

Conversely, when renewed protests erupted in Iran in 2017, Philip Gordon—a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and assistant secretary of state and White House coordinator for the Middle East during the Obama administration—cautioned the Trump administration that, “One reason to worry that Mr. Trump may try to seize the moment by championing the protesters is that it has become an article of faith among President Barack Obama’s critics that in 2009 he missed a golden opportunity to do just that, when many Iranians took to the streets after a disputed election result. But it was never clear what difference American rhetorical support would have made then, other than allowing the Iranian government to depict the protesters as American lackeys, giving the security services more of a pretext to crack down violently.

Even if Mr. Obama’s support might have somehow been helpful to the Iranian

opposition, Mr. Trump’s almost certainly will not be. Whatever Iranians think of their own government, they are unlikely to want as a voice for their grievances an American president who has relentlessly opposed economic relief for their country and banned them from traveling to the United States.”[21]

Syria

Calling the Obama administration’s “fecklessness on Syria” a “national disgrace” and “a moral and strategic failing of major proportions” in a May 2011 post for Foreign Policy’s “Shadow Government” blog, Hannah invoked the administration’s intervention in Libya to argue for more action in Syria. “Not even Qaddafi was able to inflict this level of human suffering before NATO warplanes felt compelled to stay his bloody hand,” he wrote.

However, shortly after making U.S. intervention in Syria a humanitarian concern, Hannah invoked “the potential strategic benefits to be had by the removal of the Assad family’s 4-decade long criminal enterprise in anti-U.S. tyranny.” Rattling off a litany of grievances against the Assad regime, Hannah decried everything from Syria’s “long alliance with the Soviet Union” to its alleged support for the “multi-year effort by Sunni insurgents, Saddamists, and al Qaeda jihadists to torpedo the U.S. effort to mid-wife representative democracy in Iraq.” To this list, Hannah added the Syrian government’s “ever-deepening strategic relationship with Iran’s Islamic Republic and its proxies in Hezbollah.”[22]

In February 2012, Hannah was one of 56 Syria hawks to sign a joint FDD-Foreign Policy Initiative letter to President Obama calling on the administration to provide arms and other assistance to the opposition Free Syria Army.[23]By 2017, with an increased Iranian presence in Syria, Hannah combined his aggressive posture toward Iran with his desire for a robust American presence in Syria. He argued that in order to counter a growing Iranian threat which was spreading through the Levant, the United States would have assure its allies that it “…will remain in Syria even after the Islamic State is defeated to assist them in holding strategic terrain and assets that they have liberated—even in the face of intimidation, threats, and attacks from the Syrian regime and its backers.”

This, Hannah proposed would be the thrust of a new U.S. strategy in Syria. “The U.S. goal should be to accumulate as much leverage as it can with an eye toward an eventual negotiation on Syria’s future. Especially if the SDF is able to take Abu Kamal, the assets already held by the U.S. coalition are substantial and should not be frittered away for nothing. To list just a few of those assets: Large swathes of territory in northern and eastern Syria. Many of the country’s most important infrastructure projects—essential to its economic future—including Syria’s largest gas and oil fields in Deir Ezzor, as well as some of its largest dams and hydroelectric power stations. Finally, the United States and its partners in Europe and the Arab Gulf hold the key to the tens of billions of dollars in international assistance that Syria will require to recover from the civil war’s devastation—a bill that Russia and Iran are neither able nor willing to shoulder on their own.”[24]

Afghanistan

In a post for National Review Online, Hannah criticized President Obama’s timetable for withdrawal from Afghanistan as “a more or less complete dissing of the recommendation of [Obama’s] field commander” and likened the president’s call for “nation building at home” to George McGovern’s “Come home America.” “No matter how it was gussied up,” Hannah wrote, “the American people knew weakness and retreat when they saw it. Will the gambit fare any better 40 years later?”[25]

In the George W. Bush Administration

Hannah served as assistant for national security affairs to Vice President Dick Cheney during the second George W. Bush administration. Prior to this appointment, Hannah was part of the vice president’s national security staff for more than four years, where he played a role in corralling intelligence used by the Bush administration to justify its 2003 invasion of Iraq.[26] He previously served in the State Department’s Office of Arms Control and International Security, under Undersecretary John Bolton.

In the wake of the 9/11 attacks, Hannah worked closely with I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, Cheney’s chief of staff. They were part of an informal White House team called the “White House Iraq Group,” which was tasked with culling information about the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.[27] The Libby-Hannah team wrote a 48-page speech for then-Secretary of State Colin Powell’s now-infamous 2003 address before the UN Security Council, which justified invading Iraq based on faulty evidence. According to political commentator Robert Dreyfuss, Powell regarded the draft to be “so extreme” that he “trashed the entire document.”[28]

Cheney promoted Hannah to assistant for national security affairs following the indictment and resignation of Libby. Hannah had been interviewed by Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald as part of the investigation that led to Libby’s resignation. Despite speculation that he was involved in the outing of former CIA agent Valerie Plame, Hannah was not charged with a crime. Nonetheless, Hannah’s promotion in the aftermath of the Plame scandal disappointed reform-minded Democrats, who complained that Hannah was too closely linked to Libby. “Instead of cleaning house, you simply rearranged some of the furniture,” Senate Democrats wrote Cheney, regarding Hannah’s appointment.[29]

Soon after his promotion, Hannah—together with Undersecretary of State Nicholas Burns, Director of National Intelligence John Negroponte, and National Security Council Deputy Advisor Elliott Abrams—conducted high-level, strategic meetings with Israeli officials regarding “the Iranian government’s growing radicalization and its irresponsible policy on nuclear issues.”[30]

Hannah was among the hardliners on Iran within Cheney’s office. When Tehran refused to suspend its uranium enrichment operations in August 2006, Hannah insisted on a firm U.S. response. He maintained anything less risked “allowing Iran’s response to appear reasonable.”[31]

Hannah was also a key liaison between the vice president’s office and the Iraqi National Congress (INC) headed by Ahmed Chalabi, the controversial Iraqi exile who was a close confidant of many neoconservative figures in and out of government prior to the 2003 Iraq War. Chalabi was eventually accused of feeding false information to the Bush administration regarding Saddam Hussein’s weapons programs.[32]

The INC’s other main contact was Undersecretary of Defense William Luti, who worked in the Defense Department’s much-maligned Office of Special Plans (OSP). Under the direction of senior Defense Department staff, including Deputy Secretary Paul Wolfowitz and Undersecretary Douglas Feith, people associated with the OSP provided since-discredited evidence that supposedly linked Iraq to al-Qaeda and detailed Iraq’s pursuit of weapons of mass destruction.[33]

Early Track Record

A graduate of Duke University and Yale University Law School, Hannah worked as an attorney for in the Washington office of Powell, Goldstein, Frazer & Murphy before joining the Bush administration. He also served on the State Department Policy Planning Staff during 1991-1996.[34]

Hannah served on the 2000 “Presidential Study Group” convened by WINEP that examined U.S. policy in the Middle East. The group’s report, “Navigating Through Turbulence: America and the Middle East in a New Century,” was criticized by some as overly biased towards Israel and has been cited as the basis for some Bush administration Mideast policies.[35]

Other members of the WINEP study group included Paula J. Dobriansky, Michael Eisenstadt, Geoffrey Kemp, Zalmay Khalilzad, Charles Krauthammer, David Makovsky, Will Marshall, Daniel Pipes, James G. Roche, Peter W. Rodman, William Schneider, Steve Solarz, Shibley Telhami, R. James Woolsey, and Dov S. Zakheim.[36]

In a critique of the study, Michael Hudson, a professor at Georgetown University, wrote: “At first glance the reader might be misled into thinking that this report is the product of a study group convened by the president of the United States and might therefore represent a wide range of views and experience. A look at its membership and organizers reveals, however, a vast preponderance of pro-Israel and conservative-hawkish voices. Perhaps it is naïve to expect anything better from the Washington Institute of Near East Policy…[N]onetheless, it is a shame that such an enterprise could not have been undertaken with more balance and depth. God knows, the new administration could use some good advice on the Middle East. But what has been served up here is a catalogue of pro-Israel exhortations, anodyne pieties, patronizing prescriptions, and alarmist declarations, interspersed only occasionally with useful recommendations. What emerges from this tepid think-tank exercise are more of the same clichés and mantras that have guided our politicians into an ever-depending spiral of policy failures in the Middle East.”[37]

SOURCES

[1] Philip Gordon, “How Can Trump Help Iran’s Protesters? Be Quiet,” New York Times, December 30, 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/30/opinion/iran-protests-trump.html

[2] John Hannah, “A U.S. President Is Finally Speaking Up for the People of Iran,” Foreign Policy, September 22, 2017, http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/09/22/everyone-is-overlooking-the-most-important-part-of-trumps-u-n-speech/

[3] John Hannah, “Does Trump Realize That His New Iran Strategy Could Suffer a Fatal Blow in Syria?” Foreign Policy, November 8, 2017, http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/11/08/does-trump-realize-that-his-new-iran-strategy-could-suffer-a-fatal-blow-in-syria/

[4] FDD, “Press Release: Former Cheney Advisor John P. Hannah Joins the Foundation for Defense of Democracies,” March 24, 2011, http://www.defenddemocracy.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=11792418&Itemid=351.

[5] Maureen Dowd, “Jeb Bush’s Brainless Trust,” The New York Times, February 21, 2015, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/22/opinion/sunday/maureen-dowd-jeb-bushs-brainless-trust.html?_r=0.

[6] JINSA, “John Hannah Briefs JINSA Leaders in Los Angeles on Iran, ISIS, and America’s Challenge in the Middle East,” March 24, 2015, http://www.jinsa.org/events/regional-cabinet-meetings/john-hannah-briefs-jinsa-leaders-los-angeles-iran-isis-and-americas.

JINSA, “The Gemunder Center Iran Task Force,” http://www.jinsa.org/gemunder-center-iran-task-force.

[7] Laura Rozen, “Former Cheney aide will not take Syria envoy post,” Al-Monitor, February 19, 2018, http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2018/02/former-cheney-aid-wont-be-syria-envoy.html#ixzz57gZdBoHj

[8] John Hannah, “Down the Mideast peace process rabbit hole (yet again),” Foreign Policy, June 10, 2011, http://foreignpolicy.com/2011/06/10/down-the-mideast-peace-process-rabbit-hole-yet-again/

[9] Matt Duss, “Hannah: Iranians Will (Privately) Greet Us As Liberators!,” Think Progress, October 15, 2009, https://thinkprogress.org/hannah-iranians-will-privately-greet-us-as-liberators-505460f884db/

[10] JINSA, “JINSA Iran Panel on Capitol Hill,” January 23, 2015, http://www.jinsa.org/events/video-jinsa-iran-panel-capitol-hill.

[11] John Hannah, “The Sun Sets on a Good Iran Deal,” Foreign Policy, March 5, 2015, http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/03/05/iran-nuclear-bush-obama/.

[12] Richard Nephew, “False flag: the bogus uproar over Iran’s nuclear sunset,” Brookings Institution, March 8, 2015, http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/markaz/posts/2015/03/08-israel-iran-nuclear-netanyahu.

[13] JINSA, “Iran-P5+1 Framework Agreement: Some Answers, More Questions,” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hF0E2tnCFxs.

[14] Cliff May, “First Impressions on Rouhani’s Speech,” National Review, September 24, 2013, http://www.nationalreview.com/corner/359432/first-impressions-rouhanis-speech-cliff-may.

[15] John Hannah, “It’s Time to Pursue Regime Change in Iran,” Foreign Policy, January 5, 2015, http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/01/05/its-time-to-pursue-regime-change-in-iran/.

[16] John P. Hannah, “Wake-Up Call,” Weekly Standard, September 9, 2009, http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/016/930sxuby.asp.

[17] John P. Hannah, “Secretary Clinton Abroad,”   NRO, October 29, 2009, http://www.nationalreview.com/corner/189372/secretary-clinton-abroad/john-hannah.

[18] Michael Crowley, “Cheney’ite vs. Hillary,” TNR, October 30, 2009, http://www.tnr.com/blog/the-plank/cheney-ite-vs-hillary.

[19] John Hannah, “Hillary Clinton, Neocon?” Foreign Policy, March 28, 2016, http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/03/28/hillary-clinton-neocon/

[20] John Hannah, “Hillary Clinton, Neocon?” Foreign Policy, March 28, 2016, http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/03/28/hillary-clinton-neocon/

[21] Philip Gordon, “How Can Trump Help Iran’s Protesters? Be Quiet,” New York Times, December 30, 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/30/opinion/iran-protests-trump.html

[22] John Hannah, “Obama and Syria: Courting Disaster,” Foreign Policy, “Shadow Government,” May 11, 2011, http://shadow.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2011/05/11/obama_and_syria_courting_disaster.

[23] Josh Rogin, “Conservatives call for Obama to intervene in Syria,” Foreign Policy, “The Cable,” February 17, 2012, http://thecable.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2012/02/17/conservatives_call_for_obama_to_intervene_in_syria.

[24] John Hannah, “Does Trump Realize That His New Iran Strategy Could Suffer a Fatal Blow in Syria?” Foreign Policy, November 8, 2017, http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/11/08/does-trump-realize-that-his-new-iran-strategy-could-suffer-a-fatal-blow-in-syria/

[25] NR Symposium, “Afghanistan: The Way Forward,” National Review Online, June 23, 2011, https://www.nationalreview.com/2011/06/afghanistan-way-forward-nro-symposium/

[26] Jim VandeHei and Carol D. Leonnig, “Rove Told Jury Libby May Have Been His Source in Leak Case,” Washington Post, October 20, 2005.

[27] Jim VandeHei and Carol D. Leonnig, “Rove Told Jury Libby May Have Been His Source in Leak Case,” Washington Post, October 20, 2005.

[28] Robert Dreyfuss, “Vice Squad,” American Prospect, April 17, 2006, http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?articleId=11423.

[29] Eric Lichtblau, “Former Cheney Aide Enters Not-Guilty Plea in Leak Charges,” New York Times, November 4, 2005.

[30] “U.S.-Israel Strategic Dialogue,” State Department press statement, November 29, 2005, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2005/57435.htm.

[31] Helen Cooper, “In Muted Response to Iran, U.S. and Allies Seek Edge,” New York Times, August 24, 2006.

[32] Douglas Jehl, “Through Indictment, a Glimpse into a Secretive and Influential White House Office,” New York Times, October 30, 2005.

[33] Seymour Hersh, “Selective Intelligence,” New Yorker, May 12, 2003, http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/articles/030512fa_fact.

[34] See John P. Hannah biography on the report “Navigating through Turbulence,” WINEP, 2001, http://www.iraqwatch.org/perspectives/winep-prez-study-121200.pdf.

[35] Michael Hudson, “A Response to Navigating through Turbulence : America and the Middle East Century,” Middle East Policy, June 2001.

[36] WINEP, “Navigating through Turbulence,” WINEP, 2001, http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/navigating-through-turbulence-america-and-the-middle-east-in-a-new-century

[37] Michael Hudson, “A Response to Navigating through Turbulence : America and the Middle East Century,” Middle East Policy, June 2001.

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Sources

[1] FDD, “Press Release: Former Cheney Advisor John P. Hannah Joins the Foundation for Defense of Democracies,” March 24, 2011, http://www.defenddemocracy.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=11792418&Itemid=351.

[2] Maureen Dowd, “Jeb Bush’s Brainless Trust,” The New York Times, February 21, 2015,http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/22/opinion/sunday/maureen-dowd-jeb-bushs-brainless-trust.html?_r=0.

[3] JINSA, “John Hannah Briefs JINSA Leaders in Los Angeles on Iran, ISIS, and America’s Challenge in the Middle East,” March 24, 2015, http://www.jinsa.org/events/regional-cabinet-meetings/john-hannah-briefs-jinsa-leaders-los-angeles-iran-isis-and-americas.

JINSA, “The Gemunder Center Iran Task Force,” http://www.jinsa.org/gemunder-center-iran-task-force.

[4] JINSA, “JINSA Iran Panel on Capitol Hill,” January 23, 2015, http://www.jinsa.org/events/video-jinsa-iran-panel-capitol-hill.

[5] John Hannah, “The Sun Sets on a Good Iran Deal,” Foreign Policy, March 5, 2015, http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/03/05/iran-nuclear-bush-obama/.

[6] Richard Nephew, “False flag: the bogus uproar over Iran’s nuclear sunset,” Brookings Institution, March 8, 2015,http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/markaz/posts/2015/03/08-israel-iran-nuclear-netanyahu.

[7] JINSA, “Iran-P5+1 Framework Agreement: Some Answers, More Questions,” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hF0E2tnCFxs.

[8] Cliff May, “First Impressions on Rouhani’s Speech,” National Review, September 24, 2013,http://www.nationalreview.com/corner/359432/first-impressions-rouhanis-speech-cliff-may.

[9] John Hannah, “It’s Time to Pursue Regime Change in Iran,” Foreign Policy, January 5, 2015,http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/01/05/its-time-to-pursue-regime-change-in-iran/.

[10] John P. Hannah, “Wake-Up Call,” Weekly Standard, September 9, 2009,http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/016/930sxuby.asp.

[11] John P. Hannah, “Secretary Clinton Abroad,” NRO, October 29, 2009, http://www.nationalreview.com/corner/189372/secretary-clinton-abroad/john-hannah.

[12] Michael Crowley, “Cheney’ite vs. Hillary,” TNR, October 30, 2009, http://www.tnr.com/blog/the-plank/cheney-ite-vs-hillary.

[13] John Hannah, “Obama and Syria: Courting Disaster,” Foreign Policy, “Shadow Government,” May 11, 2011,http://shadow.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2011/05/11/obama_and_syria_courting_disaster.

[14] Josh Rogin, “Conservatives call for Obama to intervene in Syria,” Foreign Policy, “The Cable,” February 17, 2012,http://thecable.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2012/02/17/conservatives_call_for_obama_to_intervene_in_syria.

[15] Jim VandeHei and Carol D. Leonnig, “Rove Told Jury Libby May Have Been His Source in Leak Case,” Washington Post, October 20, 2005.

[16] Jim VandeHei and Carol D. Leonnig, “Rove Told Jury Libby May Have Been His Source in Leak Case,” Washington Post, October 20, 2005.

[17] Robert Dreyfuss, “Vice Squad,” American Prospect, April 17, 2006, http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?articleId=11423.

[18] Eric Lichtblau, “Former Cheney Aide Enters Not-Guilty Plea in Leak Charges,” New York Times, November 4, 2005.

[19] “U.S.-Israel Strategic Dialogue,” State Department press statement, November 29, 2005,http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2005/57435.htm.

[20] Helen Cooper, “In Muted Response to Iran, U.S. and Allies Seek Edge,” New York Times, August 24, 2006.

[21] Douglas Jehl, “Through Indictment, a Glimpse into a Secretive and Influential White House Office,” New York Times, October 30, 2005.

[22] Seymour Hersh, “Selective Intelligence,” New Yorker, May 12, 2003,http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/articles/030512fa_fact.

[23] See John P. Hannah biography on the report “Navigating through Turbulence,” WINEP, 2001,http://www.iraqwatch.org/perspectives/winep-prez-study-121200.pdf.

[24] Michael Hudson, “A Response to Navigating through Turbulence : America and the Middle East Century,” Middle East Policy, June 2001.

[25] WINEP, “Navigating through Turbulence,” WINEP, 2001, http://www.iraqwatch.org/perspectives/winep-prez-study-121200.pdf.

[26] Michael Hudson, “A Response to Navigating through Turbulence : America and the Middle East Century,” Middle East Policy, June 2001.

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Hannah, John Résumé

Affiliations

  • Foundation for Defense of Democracies: Senior Fellow (2011- )
  • Jeb Bush 2016 Presidential Campaign: Foreign Policy Adviser
  • Weekly Standard: Contributor
  • Washington Institute for Near East Policy: Former Fellow and Deputy Director

Government

  • Office of Vice President Dick Cheney: Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs (November 2005-); Deputy Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs (March 2001-October 2005)
  • State Department: Aide to John Bolton in the office of arms control and international security (until March 2001); State Department Policy Planning Staff (1991-1996)

Education

  • Duke University
  • Yale Law School

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Featured Profiles

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