The Syrian National Coalition—the new Syrian opposition umbrella group—recently won recognition from the more than 100 countries in the “Friends of the Syrian People” coalition, but –wary of their experience in Libya—Western countries still remain hesitant to provide arms.
Al Jazeera, last updated: December 12, 2012
Al Jazeera via Inter Press Service
More than 100 countries have recognised a new Syrian opposition coalition, opening the way for greater assistance to the forces fighting to topple President Bashar al-Assad, including possibly military aid.
Backing for the Syrian National Coalition, formed in Qatar in November, was given at an international conference of the “Friends of the Syrian People” in Morocco on Wednesday.
The opposition had been under intense international pressure to create a more organised and representative body to channel any aid extended by foreign countries.
While the coalition welcomed the move, the opposition said they were looking for more tangible political and financial backing and that they want members of Assad’s government to be brought to the International Criminal Court.
International recognition of the Libyan opposition gave it a huge boost in the battle against Muammar Gaddafi last year, and was later backed by Western air strikes.
Military intervention does not appear to be in the cards for Syria, where the government has the powerful backing of Russia, China and Iran.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said the meeting in Marrakesh had made “extraordinary progress”.
He noted that the European Union is now renewing its weapons embargo on Syria every three months, rather than annually, to be more flexible as the situation on the ground changes.
“We want to have the ability to continue or to change our attitude on this point,” he said.
“The fact that the coalition, which is asking for the right to defend itself, is now being recognised by a hundred countries – yesterday the U.S. and first France – I think this is a very important point.”
The conference’s final statement said Assad had lost all legitimacy but stopped short of calling for him to step down, something attending ministers did say individually.
The statement also warned that any use of chemical weapons “would draw a serious response” from the international community.
“I believe that of all the meetings we have had so far for the friends of Syria, this will turn out to be the most significant,” British Foreign Secretary William Hague said at the final news conference.
The conference members also announced new humanitarian assistance for Syrians, including $100m from Saudi Arabia and a fund to be managed by Germany and the United Arab Emirates for the reconstruction of the country after Assad falls.
Western countries have been reluctant to send arms to Syria, not the least because of their experience in Libya, where the West actively backed one side in a civil war in a country that later became awash with armed groups.
Anders Fogh Rasmussen, NATO secretary general, said from Brussels that international recognition of the Syrian opposition coalition was a “step in the right direction of a political solution”.
“Clearly, there is no military solution to the conflict in Syria – we need a political solution,” he told Al Jazeera. “We don’t have any intention to intervene militarily.”
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said on Wednesday that recognition of the Syrian opposition coalition contradicts earlier international agreements aimed at starting a Syria dialogue that would include all sides in the conflict.
Germany’s lower house of parliament will debate whether to send patriot missiles and 400 soldiers to the Turkish-Syrian border.
Germany is considering arming the border at Turkey’s request to keep the war in Syria from spilling over.
John Hagee is the controversial founder of Christians United for Israel, a Christian Zionist organization known for its militarist, “pro-Israel” advocacy. Hagee, who has been accused of making anti-Semitic remarks—like calling Hitler a “hunter” sent by God to force Jews to emigrate to Israel—has argued that U.S. support for Israel will play a “a pivotal role in the second coming” of Jesus. At a recent meeting between prominent Jewish American donors and potential Republican presidential nominee Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), Hagee claimed that President Obama was the “most anti-Semitic president ever.” Even the unabashedly “pro-Israel” Anti-Defamation League called Hagee’s comments “offensive and misplaced.”
Casino magnate Sheldon Adelson, an important financial backer of right-wing “pro-Israel” groups who has given millions of dollars to Republican political candidates, recently met with Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), a potential Republican presidential nominee, at a meeting hosted by the Zionist Organization of America. Adelson reportedly commented after the meeting that he thought Cruz was “too right wing” and “a longshot to win the nomination,” although he later disputed the characterization of his comments.
Bernard Marcus, the billionaire co-founder and former CEO of The Home Depot, is a major funder of Republican and neoconservative causes. Between 2007 and 2011, he was reportedly the biggest individual contributor to the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, donating more than $10 million to the group. Marcus recently attended a meeting between prominent Jewish American donors and Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), a potential Republican presidential nominee. “A Chamberlain in the White House,” Marcus said about President Obama at the event.
The Zionist Organization of America (ZOA) president Morton Klein has been mired in controversy of late. He has been accused of mismanaging the organization and the ZOA’s claim that it has 30,000 members has been harshly disputed, with the Jewish Voice arguing that “at most” the organization has 800 members. ZOA also garnered attention recently after it hosted a meeting between potential Republican presidential nominee Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) and prominent rightwing ”pro-Israel” donors, including Sheldon Adelson.
Sen. Ted Cruz is a “Tea Party” Republican from Texas who was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2012 and is widely considered a potential Republican nominee for the 2016 presidential election. A vehement critic of the Obama administration’s negotiations with Iran, Cruz has suggested imposing preconditions for talking to Iran. “We so desperately need a president who will stand up and say ‘these discussions will not even begin until you release Pastor Saeed and send him home,’” said Cruz, referencing a detained Christian pastor in Iran. After Cruz met with prominent Jewish American donors in New York recently, mega-donor Sheldon Adelson reportedly said that Cruz was “too right-wing” and “a longshot to win the nomination.”
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