A shocking thing happens midway through Norman Solomon’s documentary film War Made Easy.
While analyzing the George W. Bush administration’s lead-up to the Iraq invasion, Solomon plays a news clip of Eason Jordan, a CNN News chief executive who, in an interview with CNN, boasts of the network’s cadre of professional "military experts." In fact, CNN’s retired military-generals-turned-war-analysts were so good, Jordan said, that they had all been vetted and approved by the U.S. government.
"I went to the Pentagon myself several times before the war started and met with important people," he said. "We got a big thumbs up on all of [the generals]."
In a country revered for its freedom of speech and unfettered press, Jordan’s comments would infuriate any veteran reporter who upholds the most basic and important tenet of the journalistic profession—independence.
But the relationship between the press and government in the United States during times of war is changing. In Solomon’s film, it is just one example of the collusion between the government and the mainstream news media.
War Made Easy, which is narrated by actor and peace activist Sean Penn, begins as an anti-war film that decries the Bush administration’s interventionist rationale and misinformation campaigns during the post-9/11 era. Through a montage of video clips from news shows, presidential statements, and historical footage from previous U.S. military interventions, it compares the propaganda techniques of the past with the present, and draws striking parallels.
Richard Nixon’s "Vietnamization" rhetoric, which expanded the Vietnam War instead of ending it, sounds very similar to Bush’s declaration that "as the Iraqis stand up, we will stand down."
The first half-hour of this 73-minute documentary spends too much time explaining to the audience much of what it probably already knows. But it redeems itself by delving into the tactics used by the Bush administration in managing a war of choice, and how the mainstream media colluded with the U.S. government to boost the war effort.
"Rarely if ever does a war just fall down from the sky. The foundation needs to be laid, and the case is built, often with deception," says Solomon during an interview in the film.
War Made Easy was produced and directed by Loretta Alper and Jeremy Earp for the Media Education Foundation, a nonprofit group that distributes educational programming "to reflect critically on the media industry and the content it produces," according to its website. Its board of advisers includes prominent left-wing academics such as Noam Chomsky and Cornell West.
Nearly six years after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the U.S. news media’s tepid performance during the buildup to the war has been exposed and criticized by the very establishment that was supposed to hold political officials’ "feet to the fire," as the journalistic proverb goes.
In one interview clip from Jon Stewart’s news-comedy Daily Show, CNN anchor Wolf Blitzer shrugs and says, "We should have been more skeptical," drawing a puzzled look from Stewart.
War Made Easy does not dispute the idea that the press is self-correcting, is willing to investigate its own reporting lapses (as the New York Times did after the Judith Miller WMD scandal), and issue apologies and retractions. But it warns against the ostensible collusion between press and government. In Solomon’s view, the U.S. mainstream news media is cast as part and parcel of the Bush administration’s war apparatus, an echo chamber that packages, builds support for, and, through the vehicle of "leaked misinformation," sells the war to the U.S. public.
For example, in the lead-up to "Operation Iraqi Freedom," CNN chairman Walter Isaacson sent a memo to his anchors and reporters asking them to "remind viewers why they are watching the war." As video of the cleanup at Ground Zero in lower Manhattan rolls across the screen, one cannot help but think about 9/11.
Solomon also labors over the parallels between U.S. government propaganda and how the rhetoric is now filtered into a more sophisticated media campaign, yet for all intents and purposes, fulfills the same goal. In short, it is more insidious than ever.
In one scene, he describes how a Hollywood set designer was hired to build a news set (with polished backdrop and sleek high-definition televisions) for the public relations arm of the U.S. military during the Iraq War. Presentations by military commanders and officials resemble news broadcasts. There is no discussion of the facts, and what the government says is accepted without question.
None of these revelations are exactly new, but the historical parallels between Vietnam and the Iraq War are becoming increasingly clear as the United States remains for a fifth year in Iraq. War Made Easy offers a timely criticism of the media, and portends an ominous future for the U.S. news viewing public, should it sit back and accept without question the pronouncements of political leaders and evening news anchors.
Khody Akhavi writes for the Inter Press Service.